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SECTION 1 Handbook Overview 1.1 Introduction and Background As the aviation industry evolves in response to societal changes including air travel demand, con- tinued implementation of airport development projects is a virtual certainty. Airport development projects are undertaken for a wide variety of reasons, ranging from the replacement of aging infra- structure to the need for additional capacity. Implementing an airport development project can be a complex exercise that, in some cases, takes many years and costs hundreds of millions of dollars. The exercise can involve many stakeholders, both internal and external to the airport organization. During implementation of a development project, project planners and project managers must balance a multitude of considerations: Costs, revenue, and funding; Project capacity and functionality; Regulatory compliance; Sequence and schedule; Airport policies and operations; and Stakeholder concerns and objectives. The timing and extent to which the issues associated with each consideration are assessed can have a profound impact on meeting the project's objectives. Some of the more crucial and complex aspects of a project that stakeholders must consider are the issues associated with managing water resources that are potentially impacted by the devel- opment project. The need to manage "water resource issues" is created when airport stakeholders identify potential water resource impacts and determine the regulatory requirements associated with those impacts. This Handbook examines the potential consequences of insufficiently addressing water resource issues and provides guidance for managing these issues: Greater overall project cost, Missed schedule milestones, Changes to project functionality, Compromised airport operations, and Greater compliance risk. The guidance is designed to facilitate the management of water resource issues within the context of the development project implementation process. Managing water resource issues for a development project is ultimately a site-specific exercise. Still, there are many commonalities in managing various types of water resource issues across the 1