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10 A Handbook for Addressing Water Resource Issues Affecting Airport Development Planning 1.3.2 Overview of Recommended Airport-Specific Water Resource Issue Management Program As will be discussed in detail in Section 2, effectively planning for water resource issues asso- ciated with development projects can be aided by establishing an airport-specific Water Resource Issue Management Program that provides a structure to the information assessment and com- pliance assessment process. The Water Resource Issue Management Program proposed in the Handbook includes the following components: 1. Water Resource Issue Information Catalog-- Water Resource Inventory, Mitigation Facility Inventory, Core Regulatory Requirements, and Development Project Checklist. 2. Water Resource Issue Management Plan-- Management Roles and Responsibilities, Protocols for Managing the NEPA Process, and Protocols for Integrating Water Resource Issue Management and Development Project Implementation. The Water Resource Issue Information Catalog provides a common baseline of information from which assessment Key Notes of water resource issues on all projects can proceed. The cata- log should ideally be developed in advance of the planning Ideally, baseline information on site water resources process for a specific project so that the information is avail- and the general approach to water resource issue able at the earliest stages of planning. This will allow more management would be available to planners prior informed consideration of water resource issues at a point to the start of the planning process. in the planning process where water resource impacts can be most easily avoided. The Water Resource Issue Management Plan establishes the guiding principles, management structure, methods, and strategies that will be used to exe- cute the management of water resource issues within the context of a development project. The initial development of the catalog and plan will result in water resource information and a project execution framework that can be used on any development project at the airport with potential water resource issues. While there will be an initial investment to develop these items, there should be long-term cost reductions achieved by implementing the Program through: Decreases in schedule impacts associated with insufficient and late assessment of water resource issues; Reductions in duplicate efforts in acquiring information and in assessing potential sites for multiple projects; Reductions in planning, design, and construction expenses through a more integrated con- sideration of water resource issue management and development project planning; and Reductions in the risk of noncompliance with regulatory requirements. 1.3.3 Overview of Guidance on Integrated Life-Cycle Management of Water Resource Issues Within the Project Implementation Process In Section 3, a method for a life-cycle-based strategy of managing the interaction between water resource issue management and development project implementation is proposed. For the purposes of the Handbook, "life-cycle" incorporates actions taken between the "initial assess- ment" of the project concept to the "operational startup" period for the project that has been

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Handbook Overview 11 implemented. The definitions of "initial assessment" and "operational startup" can clearly be project and site-specific. In general, however, the following definitions apply: Initial assessment--any activities that are associated with consideration of the concepts and locations for the development project. This includes activities undertaken to characterize water resources before they are considered in the context of a specific project. Operational startup--a period of time after construction is completed in which the desired operational activities associated with the project are occurring. Operational startup could include such varied factors as flight activities on a new runway, process operations for a treat- ment facility, or maintenance activities associated with a mitigation wetland. It is important to consider this operational period during the planning stages since the compliance risk, costs, and revenue projections associated with operations can have a crucial impact on decisionmaking for some projects. Between the initial assessment and operational startup, a project can have a variety of phases. In this Handbook, the Typical Phases in Water Resource Issue/ project life-cycle is divided into three broad phases: concep- Project Implementation Process tual planning, detailed planning, and project execution. At Conceptual Planning (one or more projects; includes many airports, conceptual planning would encompass the master plans) master planning process; detailed planning is work associ- Detailed Planning (individual project) ated with a specific project. Project execution encompasses Project Execution (design, construction, operation) the post-planning activities of detailed design, bidding, con- struction, and operational startup. The essence of the proposed life-cycle approach is that managing the interaction of water resource issue and project implementation is an iterative process in which information is con- tinually exchanged and management strategies are continually adapted. Four main elements of that iterative process tend to recur in each project stage: characterize water resources, define compliance requirements, assess project effects, and consolidate all effects (see Figure 2). Figure 2. The four recurring activities within each of the three project implementation phases.