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2 A Handbook for Addressing Water Resource Issues Affecting Airport Development Planning industry that can be synthesized to provide guidance for individual projects. The approach described in this Handbook is derived from the experiences of multiple types of stakeholders in managing water resource issues at airports across the aviation industry. It provides guidance based on commonalities in approaches to individual projects that can form a framework for addressing site-specific issues. The Handbook approach is designed to facilitate sound decisionmaking based on reliable information, as well as effective coordination between management of water resource issues and management of the development project throughout the life-cycle of the project. To be most effective, the foundation for decisionmaking and coordination must be established at the earliest stages of the project planning process. A principal objective of early planning is to iden- tify project alternatives that avoid water resource impacts. If avoidance is incompatible with project objectives and resources, early planning will facilitate identifi- cation of project alternatives that minimize impacts to water resources while still meeting project objectives. Keys to Reducing Negative Consequences of Insufficient Water Resource Management Early planning provides an essential baseline for improv- in Development Projects ing the effectiveness of identifying, understanding, commu- Recognizing the importance of managing water nicating, coordinating, and ultimately finding solutions for resource issues water resource issues that are satisfactory to the various proj- Early planning to identify project alternatives with ect stakeholders. Deferring sufficient consideration of water minimal impact on water resources resource issues until late in the process creates a cascade of Employing a structured approach to coordinating project management problems, including project regulatory project and water resource management through- processing and implementation delays. A more structured out project life-cycle approach facilitates an early exchange of crucial information Considering input from stakeholders on the right between personnel managing water resource issues and issues at the right time those managing the larger development project planning and implementation. This type of approach can lead to bet- ter decisionmaking and fewer unexpected project effects. The Handbook considers this situation through the lens of seven different categories of water resource issues: 1. Physical impacts to wetlands and other surface waters, 2. Surface water and groundwater quality, 3. Storm water quantity and floodplains, 4. Hazardous wildlife attractants, 5. Aquatic life and habitat, 6. Coastal zones and barriers, and 7. Wild and scenic rivers. Assessment of water resource issue management by examining individual categories of issues allows commonalities and important differences to be identified. Effectively synthesizing man- agement of those issues with the overall project management can reduce the risk of long-term impacts to the development project and provide for more efficient project implementation. 1.2 Handbook Objectives The Handbook provides guidance to stakeholders involved in development project planning and to those responsible for management of the associated water resource issues. The Handbook content is drawn from industry experience, existing reference documents, case studies, and con- sideration of techniques that can improve the effectiveness of water resource issue management in development project implementation.

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Handbook Overview 3 The overarching objective of the Handbook is to facilitate implementation of development projects in a way that protects water resources while minimizing the effects of water resource issue management on the project function, schedule, and costs and on airport operations. To support this objective, the Handbook promotes consideration of these issues through the structure of a Water Resource Issue Management Program (Program). An individual airport's Program will facilitate the early collection of baseline information needed to support decisionmaking and the development of method- ologies needed for decisionmaking as issues are identified on individual projects. The approach promotes a "cradle to Handbook's Value in Managing Water grave" strategy for integrating the management of water Resources in Development Project resource issues into the development project implementation Implementation process. The strategy is applicable from initial conceptualiza- Guidance for developing a planning structure tion of the project through completion of construction and Information to increase understanding of issues startup of the project's operations. Tips for more effective management of the issues The Handbook is not intended to be a comprehensive Common frame of reference for project stake- reference for all potentially applicable water resource regu- holders lations. The number of regulations, complexity of individ- ual regulations, site or state-specific nature of permitting, and ongoing evolution of the regulatory environment lim- its the practicality of presenting a comprehensive review of potentially applicable regulations. As such, the regulatory material presented in the Handbook is not suitable as a substitute for actual review of the regulations. Appropriately qualified personnel will need to specifically identify and review the regulations applicable to their project to fully assess compliance requirements. The potential stakeholders involved in water resource issues and the project implementation process are Various airport departments, Airlines, Airport tenants, Regulators/government officials, Consultants, Construction contractors, Interest groups, and The public. Use of the Handbook can provide value to both individual project stakeholders and to the project team as a whole. As with any project, stakeholders will have some common objectives and some objectives specific to their own needs. It is hoped that use of the Handbook will pro- vide a focal point for a structure, process, and language through which stakeholder needs and objectives can be better communicated such that overall project objectives can be more effec- tively met. To that end, the primary guiding principles found in the Handbook and recom- mended to stakeholders are described in the box following. Guidance Principles for Management of Water Resource Issues in Airport Development Projects Using a Water Resource Issue Management Program provides a management structure for water resource issues on all airport development projects. Using a Water Resource Issue Information Catalog provides a common baseline of airport-specific, water resourcerelated information.