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20 A Handbook for Addressing Water Resource Issues Affecting Airport Development Planning Summary of Fact Sheet 4: Hazardous Wildlife Attractants The category "hazardous wildlife attractants" encompasses the impacts of airport development projects on wildlife hazards and the associated public safety and aircraft operational issues. The focus of the hazardous wildlife attractants issue is on the potential creation or enhancement of water-based hazardous wildlife attractants associated with new projects or redevelopment at an airport. Although hazardous wildlife attractants are considered a water resource issue in the Handbook, the primary impact associated with these hazards is to airport operations and safety, rather than to the water resources themselves. They are considered a water resource issue because the need to manage wildlife hazards can complicate water resource management associated with new development projects. Requirements for managing wildlife hazards at airports are aimed at minimizing the attraction of hazardous wildlife to Airport Operations Areas (AOAs), and thus minimizing the risk for colli- sions between aircraft and wildlife. Federal Aviation Regulation (FAR) 14 Code of Federal Regula- tions (C.F.R.) Part 139.337 contains specific requirements for performing Wildlife Hazard Assessments (WHAs) as well as developing Wildlife Hazard Management Plans (WHMPs) to investigate and address, respectively, observed wildlife hazards at airports. The FAA's requirements for wildlife hazard management for existing and proposed facilities are largely encompassed in FAA Advisory Circular (AC) 150/5200-33B: Hazardous Wildlife Attractants on or Near Airports (3). Air- port personnel should note that special expertise is needed to conduct much of the analyses described in the fact sheet (e.g., wildlife biologists certified under FAA AC 150/5200-36 or airport wildlife hazard specialists from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's [USDA's] wildlife services). The FAA's goal for minimizing water-based hazardous wildlife attractants can sometimes con- flict with the goals of other regulatory agencies to improve water quality and to provide storm water quantity control through onsite detention and treatment. Coordination among multiple agencies may be required to resolve conflicts to allow the project to move forward. Project planning and design considerations typically associated with wildlife hazard attrac- tants include the following: Will storm water detention be required, will the open basin drain in less than 48 hours, or will the basin need to be covered? Does the project have the potential to change infiltration rates, thus creating or reducing the presence of surface waters such as wetlands? How long will it take to obtain a resolution among regulatory agencies on conflicting regula- tions for wildlife hazards, storm water quantity control, surface water quality, and physical impacts to wetlands and other surface waters? The process for assessing core regulatory requirements, determining the measures needed for compliance, and reducing the effects of managing wildlife hazard attractants on the development project are presented in Fact Sheet 4 in Appendix B. A summary of the guidance for reducing those project impacts follows. Guidance for Reducing Project Impacts from Managing Issues Associated with Wildlife Hazard Attractants Identification of Determine the potential for hazardous wildlife Hazardous Wildlife attractants associated with the project and sur- Attractants rounding areas early in the Detailed Planning Phase.

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Handbook Overview 21 Data Collection Perform a WHA and develop a WHMP early in the Detailed Planning Phase and submit to the FAA and USDA for review. Design Development Consider combinations of project modifications, operational techniques, deterrents, or controls that are the most cost effective. Carefully con- sider the documented effectiveness of wildlife hazard attractant control methods. Control Siting Locate projects in areas where there are no issues associated with hazardous wildlife attractants. Mitigation Identify potential hazards and mitigation approaches in the Conceptual Planning Phase, and incorporate management techniques and wildlife hazard deterrents into design features to the extent possible. Staffing Involve airport and airline experts in wildlife hazard management and aircraft safety and local Wildlife Service representatives in Conceptual Planning and Detailed Planning Phase discussions. Stakeholder Coordination Communicate wildlife hazard attractant concerns to other entities that may be considering storm water or flooding controls in vicinity of airport. To the extent possible, facilitate coordination between agencies regulating storm water quan- tity and agencies regulating wildlife hazard attractants in the Conceptual Planning and Detailed Planning Phases.