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26 A Handbook for Addressing Water Resource Issues Affecting Airport Development Planning Summary of Fact Sheet 7: Wild and Scenic Rivers The National Wild and Scenic Rivers System was created by Congress in 1968 to preserve cer- tain rivers with outstanding natural, cultural, and recreational values in a free-flowing condition for the enjoyment of present and future generations. Rivers or portions of rivers are designated as wild, scenic, or recreational by an act of Congress or by the Secretary of the Interior at the request of a state governor (4). Federal agencies that are responsible for managing a particular stretch of river (including the U.S. Bureau of Land Management [BLM], the U.S. Forest Service [USFS], USFWS, and the National Park Service [NPS]) are required to develop a Comprehensive River Management Plan that provides for the protection of designated river values as well as describes requirements for land development in the vicinity of the river. Consent for projects affecting wild, scenic, or recreational rivers (also called "Section 7 Con- sent") must be received before the activity is approved. The federal agency managing compli- ance may also be invited to be a cooperating agency in the NEPA process. If a designated river is affected, the potential effects of the development project must be characterized with respect to the designated uses and mitigation measures may be necessary to prevent adverse impacts. Project planning and design considerations typically associated with aquatic life and habitat issues include the following: · Does the project have the potential to impact areas within the 1/4-mile corridor protection zone or change the designated values (i.e., scenery, geology, fish and wildlife, historic resources, or cultural resources) of wild and scenic rivers? · Does airport property contain use restrictions with respect to wild and scenic river issues? · What documentation is required by consulting agencies (i.e., USFWS, NPS, BLM, and USFS)? The process for assessing core regulatory requirements, determining the measures needed for compliance, and reducing the effects of managing wild and scenic river issues on the develop- ment project are presented in Fact Sheet 7 in Appendix B. A summary of the guidance for reduc- ing those project impacts follows. Guidance for Reducing Project Impacts from Managing Issues Associated with Wild and Scenic Rivers Water Resource Inventory Understand location of wild and scenic rivers early in the project implementation process. Modeling, Calculations, Identify the appropriate level of detail and specific and Analyses methods required by agencies when calculating water qualityrelated impacts. Data Collection Collect additional information beyond the project footprint to ensure downstream impacts are avoided. Control Siting Identify potential sites in the Conceptual Planning Phase. Design Implementation Design controls that meet the project needs out- side of wild and scenic river corridors. Coordinate with development project construction.
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Handbook Overview 27 Staffing Identify the expertise needed, select qualified experts, and bring the experts in at the right time. Stakeholder Coordination Coordinate with regulators in the Conceptual Plan- ning and Detailed Planning Phases including dis- cussions of funding, authorizing, and NEPA lead agency--especially if impacts necessitate the need to ensure aircraft safety. Coordinate early with stakeholders such as airlines, regulators, various airport departments, and communities to avoid multiple iterations of permitting and design. Maintenance Design project so that maintenance needs are minimal. Permit Acquisition Coordinate permit approval documentation needs or Approvals with agencies during the planning process.