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SECTION 2 Establishing a Water Resource Issue Management Program 2.1 Introduction Section 2 identifies the elements of a Water Resource Issue Management Program. The purpose of such a program is to Key Notes establish a framework and baseline information from which The assessment of water resource issues should be water resource issues can be managed within specific devel- an integral part of the project planning process. opment projects. The Water Resource Issue Management This may require obtaining a more detailed under- Program presented this section serves as an example that standing of these issues earlier in the project an airport operator could follow to facilitate the project implementation process. planning and execution process. It is expected that airport operators at specific airports would implement the program elements presented here to the degree deemed appropriate to meet their overall management structure, project needs, and available funds. Whatever the structure, a well-planned Water Resource Issue Management Program provides the foundation for improved integration of water resource management into the project implementation process. While the processes that airport operators use to implement development projects are rela- tively well established, the processes for managing water resource issues within development projects are not. In part, this is because water resource issue management is frequently not con- sidered to be an integral part of the development project planning process. This results in the tendency to manage water resource issues associated with development projects on an ad hoc basis in which issues are addressed as they arise. Consequences of Not Utilizing a Clear Structure for Managing Water Resource Issues in Development Projects 1. Project delays due to Late identification of information needs; Insufficient information on existing water resources when decisions are made; Lack of clarity on responsibilities for tasks and decisionmaking; Lack of clarity on how project and water resource issues are coordinated; Lack of definition of the design completion level needed to support NEPA; and Insufficient understanding of regulatory timeframes. 2. Increased costs due to Failure to avoid water resource impacts; Controls/mitigation designed larger than necessary; 28