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4 A Handbook for Addressing Water Resource Issues Affecting Airport Development Planning Recognizing that the management of water resource issues and development project implementation is a "cradle to grave" process is important. An ongoing, iterative exchange of information between water resource issues and develop- ment project management reduces the likelihood of significant disruptions to project schedule and design. Understanding project-specific water resource issues and regulatory require- ments and consulting with environmental specialists having experience in those issues and regulations early in the process is an effective means to reduce nega- tive effects on development project function, schedule, and cost. Making an early assessment of water resource issues will require allocation of funds earlier in the project implementation process. Comparing the costs of early water resource issue assessment to the financial and operational risks of not addressing water resource issues until later in the project implementation process is advised. Tailoring an airport's Water Resource Issue Management Program to site-specific considerations, protocols, and available resources within the over-all Program framework is best. The site-specific nature of water resources, development proj- ect impacts, and water resource regulatory requirements do not lend themselves to a one-size-fits-all approach to water resource issue management. Establishing early in the process a common understanding among stakeholders as to the approach, protocols, roles, terminology, and communication methods to be used in assessing water resource issue management and development proj- ect implementation is important. Perspectives will likely vary significantly among stakeholders on development project implementation and water resource issue management priorities and processes. Deciding whether to complete permitting for individual water resource issues inside or outside the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) process timeline is an important scheduling factor. Establishing the factors driving the decision, and coordinating with stakeholders on that decision is crucial. 1.2.1 Handbook Structure The Handbook is structured as follows: 1. Guidance Summary. Section 1.3 summarizes the key elements presented in the Handbook and its appendices. This summary may be particularly applicable to those interested in planning- level guidance on integrating development project implementation and water resource issue management. 2. Water Resource Issue Management Program Implementation. Section 2 provides detailed guidance on establishing a Water Resource Issue Management Program to provide baseline information and guiding protocols for addressing water resource issues in development proj- ect implementation. 3. Integration Strategies. Section 3 provides detailed guidance on specific methods and strate- gies for integrating the management of water resource issues and development project imple- mentation through the life-cycle of the development project.