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SECTION 3 Strategies for Integrating Water Resource Issue Management with the Project Implementation Process 3.1 Introduction The information and overall protocols provided by the Water Resource Issue Information Cat- alog and Water Resource Issue Management Plan described in Section 2 provide the foundation for initiating the analysis of water resource issues in development projects. The information pre- sented in Section 3 provides strategies and recommendations for the management of water resource issues within the three primary phases of project implementation: Conceptual Planning, Detailed Planning, and Project Execution. In Section 3, the reader will be provided with · Identification of the four recurring elements that form the basis of an iterative approach to water resource issue management and development project implementation; · Description of the phases of development project implementations; and · Strategies and recommendations for actions to consider for each project phase. The information in Section 3 of the Handbook is complemented by the strategies and recom- mendations provided in Appendix B fact sheets for specific water resource issues. 3.2 Recurring Elements of Water Resource Issue Management at Each Phase During each project implementation phase, there are planning actions associated with devel- opment project implementation and planning actions associated with water resource issue man- agement. Understanding the relationship between those actions is crucial. In most cases, the relationship between development projects and water resource issues should not be a linear or one-time consideration: it is an iterative, cyclical process (see Figure 4.) As illustrated in Figure 4, information on the project characteristics informs the assessment of measures needed to achieve compliance with water resource issue regulatory requirements. Likewise, an understanding of the compliance needs feeds back information to the development project, potentially triggering revisions to the project. This process repeats itself in each project implementation phase. This iterative approach facilitates the optimization of the project planning and management process so that decisions can be informed by appropriate Key Notes experts analyzing appropriate levels of water resource infor- Throughout the life-cycle of a project, information mation at appropriate points in the timeline. must be exchanged regularly between those imple- The objective of the methodology presented herein is an menting the development project and those man- iterative, small-scale exchange of information that better aging water resource issues. manages risk and cost as an alternative to a less frequent, large-scale exchange of information. The proposed iterative, 44