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Handbook Overview 5 4. Supplementary Worksheets. Documentation of the findings of the planning process is important. To help illustrate how key information collected early in the planning process can be documented, four example worksheets have been included in Appendix A: Worksheet 1: Project Roles and Responsibilities Worksheet 2: Project Characteristics and Water Resource Effects Worksheet 3: Summary of Water Resource Inventory Information for Potential Site 1 Worksheet 4: Summary of Applicable Core Regulatory Requirements 5. Water Resource Issue Fact Sheets. Fact sheets are provided in Appendix B for the following seven individual water resource issue categories: Fact Sheet 1: Physical Impacts to Wetlands and Other Surface Waters Fact Sheet 2: Surface Water and Groundwater Quality Fact Sheet 3: Storm Water Quantity and Floodplains Fact Sheet 4: Hazardous Wildlife Attractants Fact Sheet 5: Aquatic Life and Habitat Fact Sheet 6: Coastal Zones and Barriers Fact Sheet 7: Wild and Scenic Rivers 6. Overview of the NEPA Process. Appendix C provides an overview of the NEPA process and guidance on coordinating this process with airport development planning and the manage- ment of water resource issues. 1.2.2 Handbook Use The guidance provided in the Handbook is not intended to be a form-fitting procedure for water resource issue management at every airport for every development project; it is intended to provide structure, ideas, tips from the experience of others, and concepts that can be adapted by staff at individual airports of all sizes in ways that fit their organizational needs. Full imple- mentation of the Water Resource Issue Management Program and methods identified in the Handbook--adapted to an individual airport's needs--may be a valuable tool for some facilities. In other cases, airport operators and other stakeholders may simply identify insights from the Handbook for use on specific projects. This section has been developed to provide users with guidance on general use of the Hand- book as they craft their site-specific means of managing water resource issues in development projects. General tips on use of the Handbook are found in the adjacent inset. How to Use the Handbook 1. Review basic elements of recommended approach in Figure 1 and Table 1 (see end of Section 1.2.2). 2. Determine elements of recommended approach that will be used on the project. 3. Use material in Section 2 for guidance in establishing the Water Resource Issue Management Program prior to project planning. 4. Use the worksheets in Appendix A for examples of how to document key findings. 5. Use Fact Sheets in Appendix B to assist in understanding and approaching individual water resource issue categories. 6. Use NEPA guidance in Appendix C to assist in determining the relationship between the project development, compliance with individual regulatory issues, and NEPA compliance.

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6 A Handbook for Addressing Water Resource Issues Affecting Airport Development Planning 7. Review the information in Section 3 to provide guidance on the process of integrating water resource issue management and development project management at the various project implementation phases. Guidance on use of the example worksheets found in Appendix A is shown in the correspond- ing inset. The worksheets are intended to provide example tables for how to track key informa- tion on the development project and water resource issues. It is envisioned that airport and project-specific worksheets could be passed along to stakeholders as a means of communicating key issues and facilitating decisionmaking. How to Use Worksheets to Support Project Documentation 1. Review example worksheets in Appendix A. 2. Create site or project-specific template using worksheet structure as basis. 3. Document key information as process progresses on worksheet. 4. Provide worksheets to project stakeholders to aid information exchange. Guidance on the use of the Water Resource Issue Fact Sheets in Appendix B is found in the corresponding inset. The fact sheets in Appendix B are designed to provide information and guidance on specific issues. The level of detail in Appendix B should be useful to anyone seeking an in-depth understanding of particular issues. For those more interested in an overview, impor- tant information from the fact sheets is summarized in Section 1.3.4. How to Use Fact Sheets for Individual Water Resource Issue Categories 1. Obtain an overview of the category. 2. Identify potentially applicable laws and regulations. 3. Seek guidance on procedures for managing the water resource issue. 4. Extract tips for dealing with specific aspects of the water resource issue. How to use the NEPA guidance provided in Appendix C is found in the corresponding inset. The guidance is intended as How to Use NEPA Guidance a supplement to other available NEPA guidance including the 1. Review Appendix C. FAA's Environmental Desk Reference for Airport Actions (1). 2. Coordinate information in Appendix C with The guidance in Appendix C focuses on interaction of the other sources of NEPA guidance. NEPA process with the development planning process and the 3. Look to NEPA guidance as specific issues come compliance process for regulatory requirements associated up during project. with individual water resource issues. Figure 1 and Table 1 provide a means of linking the recom- mended sequence of planning and management activities to their referenced locations in the Handbook. Figure 1 illus- trates the sequence of activities that form the core of the approach recommended in the Handbook. Table 1 identifies the locations within the Handbook and appendices where relevant information on the main recommended activities can be found.

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Handbook Overview 7 How to Use Figure 1 How to Use Table 1 1. Review the five primary activities in the process outlined in 1. From Figure 1, identify the Figure 1 prior to the start of development project planning. primary and support activities 2. Compare the primary activities in the recommended process that the airport and project to those used at the facility. will implement. 3. Review the support activities associated with each of the five 2. Refer to Table 1 to find the primary activities. Identify the activities that may be executed, specific parts of the Hand- and align the support activities with the primary activities for book to consult for guidance. the airport's process. 3. Review the referenced 4. Reference Table 1. sections of the Handbook. Figure 1. Primary and support activities recommended for managing water resource issues on airport development projects.

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Table 1. Sections associated with each recommended water resource issue management step. Step Primary Activity Support Activities Ha n db o ok Worksheet Reference Reference 1 Review Summary of Become familiar with recommended guidance Section 1.3.4 Handbook Guidance 2 Prepare Water Resource Develop Water Resource Inventory for the airport Section 2.2.2 Issue Information Catalog Appendix B Fact Sheets (Ideally, catalog is Prepare Mitigation Facility Inventory for the airport Section 2.2.3 completed for entire airport Appendix B Fact Sheets for use on multiple projects, Review project characteristics typical of the airport's projects Section 2.2.4 but it can be project- Determine core regulatory requirements for the airport Section 2.2.5 Worksheet 4 specific.) Appendix B Fact Sheets 3 Develop Water Resource Document project-specific roles and responsibilities Section 2.3.1 Worksheet 1 Issue Management Plan for Update Water Resource Inventory for project site(s) Section 2.2.2 the Project Appendix B Fact Sheets Update Mitigation Facility Inventory Section 2.2.3 Appendix B Fact Sheets Define key project characteristics for the site that might affect water Section 2.2.4 Worksheet 2 resources Appendix B Fact Sheets Eliminate from consideration water resources at sites that will not be affected Section 2.2.4 Worksheet 3 Appendix B Fact Sheets Assess and decide upon protocols for managing the NEPA process for water Section 2.3.2 resource issues that need to be considered Appendix C NEPA Guide Define the protocols for managing the integrated assessment of water Section 2.3.3 resource issues and project implementation Appendix B Fact Sheets 4 Perform Activities Target data collection based on initial cost and project risk Section 2.2.2 Associated with Conceptual Identify and characterize specific water resource issues on sites Section 3.3 Planning Determine project alternatives and consider water resource issue impacts Section 3.3 Determine Approach to NEPA on the Project Appendix C NEPA Guide 5 Perform Activities Identify permit and permit schedule needs for specific water resource issues Section 3.4 Associated with Detailed Acquire site-specific field data to support permitting and design Section 3.4 Planning Develop mitigation and control alternatives Section 3.4 Complete NEPA documentation Appendix C NEPA Guide Adapt project based on data acquisition and analysis Section 3.4 6 Perform Activities Reassess water resource issues based on detailed siting and design Section 3.5 Associated with Project analyses Execution Complete permit applications for individual water resource issues Section 3.5 Modify project as necessary based on regulatory approval and feedback Section 3.5