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74 CHAPTER 7 Lessons and Conclusions The new paradigm for multimodal corridors offers oppor- with the freeway facility on a travel time basis. As the corri- tunities to transportation policymakers, planners, engineers, dor evolves, infill stations can be built that provide greater and the traveling public. It emphasizes building transit lines coverage and accessibility for the transit riders to corridor land and supporting pedestrian and bicycle facilities in existing uses and activities, which can further encourage the corridor freeway corridors, but in ways that avoid the pitfalls of old to develop additional TOD. Over time, this process will lead paradigm designs that did not effectively balance and coordi- to the conversion from a purely automobile-oriented, freeway- nate the needs of all modes. New paradigm transit facilities dominated corridor, to a park-and-ride-access multimodal are built with the following goals: corridor, to a transit-oriented corridor. Three types of multimodal corridors have been identi- Enhancing corridor transportation capacity and perfor- fied: transit-oriented multimodal corridors, park-and-ride- mance without adding freeway capacity, by building and access multimodal corridors, and transit-optimized/freeway- operating transit lines (including bus rapid transit, light rail, constrained multimodal corridors. These are discussed in heavy rail and commuter rail) in existing freeway corridors the following sections. Building and operating successful transit systems in free- way corridors that attract high transit ridership levels Transit-Oriented Multimodal Corridors and encourage corridor livability and environmental sustainability Transit-oriented multimodal corridors are designed to Transforming a corridor's land uses and activities to a more give transit a performance advantage in serving short and transit-oriented pattern. medium-length trips, while the freeway is given a performance advantage for serving long-haul corridor trips. This travel The new paradigm can help achieve these goals through the market segmentation is achieved through several means: process of market-segmentation within a multimodal corridor. Market-segmentation between transit and freeway is achieved Transit-oriented complementary multimodal coordination using the following guiding principles and techniques: Transit-oriented urban form Transit-oriented station access Market-segmented transit and freeway designs (multimodal Corridor-wide jobs-housing balance coordination) Limited intermodal stations Market-segmented urban form patterns Market-specific station access Park-and-Ride-Access Market segmentation through constrained freeway capacity Multimodal Corridors Coordinated and distinct intermodal operations Intermodal connections limited to key locations Park-and-ride-access multimodal corridors are designed Intermodal intelligent transportation systems to provide high levels of automobile access within, and high transit speeds through, the corridor. This is achieved through The new paradigm offers a two-step process of multimodal several mutually supporting design and operational elements: corridor planning, design, and construction wherein transit facilities are designed and built in freeway corridors with Automobile-oriented complementary multimodal co- performance characteristics that enable them to compete ordination