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Appendix A Data from NCES Schools anct Staffing Survey, 1987- 1988 The data shown in the tables in Appendix A are derived from the 1987-1988 School and Staffing Survey, conducted by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES). The data are both preliminary and un- published and are the product of special tabulations prepared for the committee by NCES. When final results of the survey are published by NCES, they undoubtedly will reflect corrections as well as adjustments for nonreponse, both to the survey and to a specific question within the survey content. For these reasons, slight differences may be expected in the final published results. The totals shown in the following tables reflect a simple ratio adjust- ment for all types of nonresponse; the detail, however, has not been ad- justed for any of the possible causes of nonresponse. Accordingly, the detail does not add to the total and differs somewhat among the tables. Because of rounding, both for the numbers and the percentage distribu- tion, the detail may not add exactly to the total. NA/NR denotes that the data are not available or were not reported. 107

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108 APPENDIX A TABLE A-1 Public Schools with Unpaid Volunteers, by Enrollment Size Schools No With Volunteers per School Enrollment Total Volunteers Volunteers 1-5 6-2020+ NUMBER Total 789714 319412 479302 179O44 179860129397 Less than 150 79255 49247 3,008 1,817 1,089103 150-299 12,727 59569 79158 39539 29693927 30{}499 219503 79350 14,153 4,641 5,7433,769 50~749 16,219 59404 1O9815 2,834 3,9404,042 More than 750 12,801 5,648 7,153 2,407 2,5042,242 NA/NR 10,051 PERCENT Total 100.0 40.0 60.0 21.6 22.715.7 Less than 150 100.0 58.5 41.5 25.0 15.01.4 150-299 100.0 43.8 56.2 27.8 21.27.3 300 499 100.0 34.2 65.8 21.6 26.717.5 50~749 100.0 33.3 66.7 17.5 24.324.9 More than 750 100.0 44.1 55.9 18.8 19.617.5 NOTE: See text at beginning of Appendix A. TABLE A-2 Public Schools with Unpaid Volunteers, by Percent Minonty Enrollment Schools Minority No With Volunteers per School Enrollment Total Volunteers Volunteers 1-5 6-2020+ NUMBER Total 78,714 31,412 47,302 17,044 17,86012,397 Less than 5 25,178 11,346 13,832 5,315 5,5153,002 5-19 16,610 5,779 10,831 3,185 3,7993,846 20-49 13,054 4,780 8,274 2,730 3,0602,485 50-74 6,480 2,384 4,096 1,637 1,554904 More than 75 8,158 3,487 4,671 2,154 1,804712 NA/NR 1 1,07E PERCENT Total 100.0 40.0 60.0 21.6 22.715.7 Less than 5 100.0 45.1 54.9 21.1 21.911.9 5-19 1010.0 34.8 65.2 19.2 22.923.2 20~9 100.0 36.6 63.4 20.9 23.419.0 50-74 1010.0 36.8 63.2 25.3 24.014.0 More than 75 100.0 42.7 57.3 26.4 22.18.7 NOTE: See text at beginning of Appendix A.

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APPENDIX A 109 TABLE A-3 Public Schools with Unpaid Volunteers, by Percent Minored Teachers Schools Minority No With Volunteers per School Teachers Total Volunteers Volunteers 1-56-20 20+ NUMBER Total 78,714 31,412 47,302 17,04417,860 12,397 Less than 5 36,964 16,479 20,485 7,7557,828 4,902 5-19 15,814 5,154 10,660 3,2133,992 3,455 20-49 9,777 3,506 6,271 2,3272,170 1,775 50-74 3,223 1,211 2,012 983746 283 More than 75 1,700 761 939 338439 162 NA/NR 13,079 PERCENT Total 100.0 40.0 60.0 21.622.7 15.7 Less than 5 100.0 44.5 55.5 21.021.1 13.2 5-19 100.0 32.6 67.4 20.325.2 21.8 20-49 100.0 35.9 64.1 23.822.2 18.2 50-74 100.0 37.6 62.4 30.523.2 8.8 More than 75 100.0 44.8 55.2 19.925.8 9.5 NOTE: See text at beginning of Appendix A. TABLE A-4 Number of Public Schools with Unpaid Volunteers, by Type of School Schools No With Volunteers per School Type of School Total Volunteers Volunteers 1-5 6-20 20+ NUMBER Total 78,714 31,412 47,302 17,044 17,860 12,397 Elementary 40,909 10,292 30,617 9,184 12,281 9,152 Middle/junior high 10,552 5,762 4,790 2,398 1,528 863 Secondary 11,456 7,792 3,664 1,983 1,053 627 Combined 4,508 2,704 1,804 1,012 665 127 Other 3,139 1,709 1,430 671 431 327 NA/NR 9,993 PERCENT Total 100.0 40.0 60.0 21.6 22.7 15.7 Elementary 100.0 25.2 74.8 22.5 30.0 22.4 Middle/junior high 100.0 54.6 45.4 22.7 14.5 8.2 Secondary 100.0 68.0 32.0 17.3 9.2 5.5 Combined 100.0 60.0 40.0 22.4 14.8 2.8 Other 100.0 54.5 45.5 21.4 13.7 10.4 NOTE: See text at beginning of Appendix A.

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110 APPENDIX A TABLE A-5 Number of Public Schools with Unpaid Volunteers, by Type of Community Schools NoWith Volunteers per School Type of CommunityTotal Volunteers Volunteers1-56-2020+ NUMBER Total78,714 31,412 47,30217,04417,86012,397 Rural/farming24,344 12,587 11,7575,6004,5601,597 Towna17,427 6,856 10,5713,6534,2122,706 Suburban12,088 3,759 8,3291,9032,9643,462 Urban15,903 4,667 11,2363,9044,0683,265 Other617 304 31312913252 NA/NR10,178 PERCENT Total100.0 40.0 60.021.622.715.7 Rural/farming100.0 51.7 48.323.018.76.6 Towna100.0 39.3 60.721.024.215.5 Suburban100.0 31.1 68.915.724.528.6 Urban100.0 29.3 70.724.625.620.5 Other100.0 49.3 50.720.821.48.5 NOTE: See text at beginning of Appendix A. aLess than 50,000 population. TABLE A-6 Number of Public Schools with Unpaid Volunteers, by Region Schools No With Volunteers per School Region Total Volunteers Volunteers 1-5 6-20 20+ NUMBER Total 78,714 31,412 47,302 17,044 17,860 12,397 North Central 21,157 9,292 11,865 4,718 4,529 2,618 Northeast 12,016 5,848 6,167 2,493 2,464 1,210 South 23,112 8,701 14,411 4,932 5,476 4,003 West 14,302 4,429 9,873 3,109 3,499 3,266 NA/NR 9,970 PERCENT Total 100.0 40.0 60.0 21.6 22.7 15.7 North Central 100.0 43.9 56.1 22.3 21.4 12.4 Northeast 100.0 48.7 51.3 20.7 20.5 10.1 South 100.0 37.6 62.4 21.3 23.7 17.3 West 100.0 31.0 69.0 21.7 24.5 22.8 NOTE: See text at beginning of Appendix A.

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APPENDIX A TABLE A-7 Number of Private Schools with Unpaid Volunteers, by Enrollment Size 111 Schools No With Volunteers per School EnrollmentTotal Volunteers Volunteers1-56-20 20+ NUMBER Total27,126 9,388 17,7388,8545,458 3,427 Less than 15010,178 4,192 5,9864,1201,537 329 150-2996,091 1,470 4,6211,8971,600 1,124 300 4992,564 697 1,867484710 673 50~7491,022 258 764209237 318 More than 750571 217 3547597 181 NA/NR11,611 PERCENT Total100.0 34.6 65.432.620.1 12.6 Less Man 150100.0 41.2 58.840.515.1 3.2 150-299100.0 24.1 75.931.126.3 18.5 30C) 499100.0 27.2 72.818.927.7 26.3 50~749100.0 25.3 74.720.423.2 31.1 More than 750100.0 38.1 61.913.117.1 31.8 NOTE: See text at beginning of Appendix A. TABLE A-8 Number of Private Schools with Unpaid Volunteers, by Percent Minority Enrollment Schools Minority No With Volunteers per School Enrollment Total Volunteers Volunteers 1-5 6-20 20+ NUMBER Total 27,126 9,388 17,738 8,854 5,458 3,427 Less than 5 8,887 2,685 6,202 2,739 2,092 1,371 5-19 5,781 1,684 4,097 1,937 1,419 740 20-49 2,607 986 1,621 904 385 332 50-74 1,050 471 579 381 101 96 More than 75 1,819 899 920 747 115 58 NA/NR 11,893 PERCENT Total 100.0 34.6 65.4 32.6 20.1 12.6 Less than 5 100.0 30.2 69.8 30.8 23.5 15.4 5-19 100.0 29.1 70.9 33.5 24.6 12.8 20-49 100.0 37.8 62.2 34.7 14.8 12.7 50-74 100.0 44.9 55.1 36.3 9.6 9.1 More than 75 100.0 49.4 50.6 41.0 6.3 3.2 NOTE: See text at beginning of Appendix A.

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112 APPENDIX A TABLE A-9 Number of Private Schools with Unpaid Volunteers, by Percent MInoribr Teachers Schools Minority NoWith Volunteers per School TeachersTotal Volunteers Volunteers 1-56-20 20+ NUMBER Total27,126 9,388 17,738 8,8545,458 3,427 Less Man 513,865 4,229 9,636 4,4433,219 1,974 5-193,024 899 2,125 1,099592 433 2~491,358 601 757 521160 77 5~74571 284 287 24227 18 More than 75679 459 220 16224 34 NA/NR12,540 PERCENT Total100.0 34.6 65.4 32.620.1 12.6 Less than 5100.0 30.5 69.5 32.023.2 14.2 5-19100.0 29.7 70.3 36.319.6 14.3 2~49100.0 44.3 55.7 38.311.8 5.6 5() 74100.0 49.8 50.2 42.54.7 3.1 More than 75100.0 67.6 32.4 23.83.6 5.0 NOTE: See text at beginning of Appendix A. TABLE A-10 Number of Private Schools win Unpaid Volunteers, by Type of School Schools Type ofNoWith Volunteers per School SchoolTotal Volunteers Volunteers 1-56-20 20+ NUMBER Total27,126 9,388 17,738 8,8545,458 3,427 Elementary11,614 3,202 8,412 3,9132,692 1,807 Middle/junior high337 159 178 10358 18 Secondary1,757 932 825 394210 221 Combined4,014 1,630 2,384 1,460596 328 Other2,698 908 1,790 914625 251 NAINR11,616 PERCENT Total100.0 34.6 65.4 32.620.1 12.6 Elementary100.0 27.6 72.4 33.723.2 15.6 Middle/junior high100.0 47.2 52.8 30.417.2 5.3 Secondary100.0 53.0 47.0 22.412.0 12.6 Combined100.0 40.6 58.4 36.414.8 8.2 Other100.0 33.7 66.3 33.923.2 9.3 NOTE: See text at beginning of Appendix A.

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APPENDIX A 113 TABLE A-11 Number of Private Schools with Unpaid Volunteers, by Type of Community Schools Type ofNoWith Volunteers per School CommunityTotal Volunteers Volunteers 1-56-20 20+ NUMBER Total27,126 9,388 17,738 8,8545,458 3,427 Rural/farming3,816 1,635 2,181 1,262715 205 Towna4,737 1,217 3,520 1,7791,105 ~636 Suburban3,888 1,135 2,753 1,122881 751 Urban7,924 2,826 5,098 2,5891,481 1,028 Other35 29 6 - 6 NA/NR11,636 PERCENT Total10{).0 34.6 65.4 32.620.1 12.6 Rural/farming100.0 42.8 57.2 33.118.7 5.4 Towna100.0 25.7 74.3 37.623.3 13.4 Suburban100.0 29.2 70.8 28.922.7 19.3 Urban10().0 35.7 64.3 32.718.7 13.0 Other100.0 82.8 17.2 17.2 NOTE: See text at beginning of Appendix A. aLess than 50,000 population. TABLE A-12 Number of Private Schools with Unpaid Volunteers, by Region Schools No Win Volunteers per School Region Total Volunteers Volunteers 1-5 ~20 20+ NUMBER Total 27,126 9,388 17,738 8,854 5,458 3,427 North Central 6,802 1,657 5,145 2,389 1,804 953 Northeast 4,794 1,652 3,142 1,443 1,013 687 South 5,372 2,517 2,855 1,684 713 458 West 3,465 1,018 2,447 1,268 652 527 NA/NR 1 1,603 PERCENT Total 100.0 34.6 65.4 32.6 20.1 12.6 North Central 100.0 24.4 75.6 35.1 26.5 14.0 Northeast 100.0 34.5 65.5 30.1 21.1 14.3 South 100.0 46.9 53.1 31.4 13.3 8.5 West 100.0 29.4 70.6 36.6 18.8 15.2 NOTE: See text at beginning of Appendix A.

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114 TABLE A-13 Number of Private Schools win Unpaid Volunteers, by Religious Orientation APPENDIX A Schools Religious NoWith Volunteers per School Orientation Total Volunteers Volunteers 1-56-20 20+ NUMBER Total 27,126 9,388 17,738 8,8545,458 3,427 Secular 3,526 2,098 1,428 845368 215 Religious 16,857 4,737 12,120 5,9123,796 2,411 NA/NR 11,655 PERCENT Total 100.0 34.6 65.4 32.620.1 12.6 Secular 100.0 59.5 40.5 23.910.4 6.1 Religious 100.0 28.1 71.9 35.122.5 14.3 NOTE: See text at beginning of Appendix A. TABLE A-14 Number of Unpaid Volunteers in Public Schools, by Enrollment Size Volunteers per School EnrollmentVolunteers1-56-2020+ NUMBER Total1,015,44250,955214,759749,731 Less than 15021,6594,69111,8255,144 150-29984,36810,69931,14642,523 300~99281,41814,91072,286194,222 500 749329,9528,36047,438274,154 More than 750194,3837,04530,230157,109 PERCENT Total100.05.021.173.8 Less than 150100.021.754.623.7 150-299100.012.736.950.4 30~99100.05.325.769.0 50() 749100.02.514.483.1 More than 750100.03.615.680.8 NOTE: See text at beginning of Appendix A.

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APPENDIX A TABLE A-15 Number of Unpaid Volunteers in Public Schools, by Percent Minonty Enrollment 115 Minonty Volunteers per School Enrollment Volunteers1-56-2020+ NUMBER Total 1,015,44250,955214,759749,731 Less than 5 254,42515,82265,481173,122 5-19 299,8439,49647,259243,088 20-49 199,6748,16738,441153,066 50-74 72,1875,14018,61948,429 More than 75 72,4546,49520,26045,699 PERCENT Total 100.05.021.173.8 Less than 5 100.06.225.768.0 5-19 100.03.215.881.1 20-49 100.04.119.376.7 5~74 100.07.125.867.1 More than 75 100.09.028.063.1 NOTE: See text at beginning of Appendix A. TABLE A-16 Number of Unpaid Volunteers in Public Schools, by Percent Minonty Teachers Minonty Volunteers per School Teachers Volunteers 1-5 6-20 20+ NUMBER Total 1,015,442 50,955 214,759 749,731 Less than 5 404,287 22,893 94,225 287,170 5-19 284,684 9,898 50,979 223,806 20-49 129,458 6,926 25,554 96,979 50-74 35,703 2,949 8,243 24,511 More than 75 14,053 1,088 4,653 8,313 PERCENT Total 100.0 5.0 21.1 73.8 Less than 5 100.0 5.7 23.3 71.0 5-19 100.0 3.5 18.0 78.6 20-49 100.0 5.3 19.7 74.9 50-74 100.0 8.3 23.1 68.7 More Man 75 100.0 7.7 33.1 59.2 NOTE: See text at beginning of Appendix A.

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116 APPENDIX A TABLE A-17 Number of Unpaid Volunteers in Public Schools, by Type of School Type of Volunteers per School School Volunteers1-5 ~2020+ NUMBER Total 1,015,44250,955 214,759749,731 Elementary 739,14429,073 150,199559,871 Middle/junior high 71,6686,993 17,99446,682 Secondary 61,2315,192 12,13243,906 Combined 18,8642?668 7,3358,861 Other 21,1801,834 5,15814,188 PERCENT Total 100.05.0 21.173.8 Elementary 100.03.9 20.375.7 Middle/junior high 100.09.8 25.165.1 Secondary 100.08.5 19.871.7 Combined 100.014.1 38.947.0 Other 100.08.7 24.467.0 NOTE: See text at beginning of Appendix A. TABLE A-18 Number of Unpaid Volunteers in Public Schools, by Type of Community Type of Volunteers per School Community Volunteers 1-5 6-20 20+ NUMBER Total 1,015,442 50,955 214,759 749,731 Rural/farming 140,881 15,883 53,059 71,939 Towna 210,479 11,071 51,765 147,643 Suburban 270,323 6,175 36,623 227,526 Urban 285,462 11,963 49,669 223,830 Other 4,112 441 1,482 2,190 PERCENT Total 100.0 5.2 21.1 73.8 Rural/farming 100.0 11.3 37.7 51.0 Towna 100.0 5.3 24.6 70.1 Suburban 100.0 2.3 13.5 84.2 Urban 100.0 4.2 17.4 78.4 Other 100.0 10.7 36.0 53.3 NOTE: See text at beginning of Appendix A. Less than 50,000 population.

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APPENDIX A TABLE 19 Number of Unpaid Volunteers in Public Schools, by Region 117 Volunteers per School Region Volunteers1-56-2020+ NUMBER Total 1,015,44250,955214,759749,731 North Central 194,61813,84352,883127,892 Northeast 104,6617,32929,95567,376 South 341,64115,15365,219261,270 West 271,2879,44944,867216,971 PERCENT Total 100.05.021.173.8 Now Central 100.07.127.265.7 Northeast 100.07.028.664.4 South 100.04.419.076.5 West 100.03.516.580.0 NOTE: See text at beginning of Appendix A. TABLE A-20 Number of Unpaid Volunteers in Private Schools, by Enrollment Size Volunteers per School Enrollment Volunteers 1-5 6-2020+ NUMBER Total 345,994 28,785 76,687240,523 Less than 150 43,714 11,057 17,04515,611 150-299 87,289 5,729 20,27161,289 30~499 54,525 1,508 9,29043,727 50(}749 27,117 645 3,11023,362 More than 750 17,564 213 1,30816,044 PERCENT Total 100.0 8.3 22.269.5 Less Man 150 100.0 25.3 39.035.7 150-299 100.0 6.6 23.270.2 30~499 100.0 2.8 17.080.2 50~749 100.0 2.4 11.586.2 More than 750 100.0 1.2 7.491.3 NOTE: See text at beginning of Appendix A.

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118 APPENDIX A TABLE A-21 Number of Unpaid Volunteers in Private Schools, by Percent Minonty Enrollment Minority Volunteers per School Enrollment Volunteers1-5 6-20 20+ - NUM13ER Total 345,99428,785 76,687 240,523 Less than 5 115,1438,493 25,653 80,997 5-19 61,8775,475 16,915 39,486 20-49 27,8292,224 4,795 2O,Sl0 50-74 14,698921 1,273 12,504 More than 75 5,9171,833 1,206 2,879 PERCENT Total 100.08.3 22.2 69.5 Less than 5 100.07.4 22.3 70.3 5-19 100.08.8 27.3 63.8 20-49 100.08.0 17.2 74.8 50-74 100.06.2 8.7 85.1 More than 75 100.031.0 20.4 48.7 - NOTE: See text at beginning of Appendix A. TABLE A-22 Number of Unpaid Volunteers in Private Schools, by Percent Minonty Teachers Minonty Volunteers per School Enrollment Volunteers 1-5 6-20 20+ - NUMBER Total 345,994 28,785 76,687 240,523 Less than 5 170,762 12,876 39,941 117,945 5-19 39,950 3,273 7,147 29,529 2~49 6,770 1,178 1,620 3,972 50-74 1,390 621 228 541 More than 75 1,622 369 278 975 PERCENT Total 100.0 8.3 22.2 69.5 Less than 5 100.0 7.5 23.4 69.1 5-19 100.0 8.2 17.9 73.9 20-49 100.0 17.4 23.9 58.7 50-74 100.0 44.7 16.4 38.9 More than 75 100.0 22.7 17.1 60.1 NOTE: See text at beginning of Appendix A.

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APPENDIX A 119 TABLE A-23 Number of Unpaid Volunteers in Private Schools, by Type of School Type of Volunteers per School School Volunteers1-56-2020+ NUMBER Total 345,99428,78576,687240,523 Elementary 146,10310,69733,275102,131 Middle/junior high 1,9982265781,194 Secondary 23,7271,0482,66520,013 Combined 35,4234,4636,77724,183 Other 22,9472,7197,71812,510 PERCENT Total 100.08.322.269.5 Elementary 100.07.322.869.9 Middle/junior high 100.011.328.959.8 Secondary 100.04.411.284.3 Combined 100.012.619.168.3 Other 100.011.933.654.5 NOTE: See text at beginning of Appendix A. TABLE A-24 Number of Unpaid Volunteers in Private Schools, by Type of Community Type of Volunteers per School Community Volunteers 1-5 6-20 20+ NUMBER Total 345,994 28,785 76,687 240,523 Rural/farming 22,373 3,475 8,473 10,425 Towna 51,132 5,316 12,873 32,942 Suburban 62,202 3,286 11,685 47,231 Urban 94,189 6,978 17,992 69,220 Other 214 214 PERCENT Total 100.0 8.3 22.2 69.5 Rural/farming 100.0 15.5 37.9 46.6 Towna 100.0 10.4 25.1 64.4 Suburban 100.0 5.3 18.8 76.0 Urban 100.0 7.4 19.1 73.5 Other 100.0 100.0 NOTE: See text at beginning of Appendix A. Less than 50,000 population.

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120 APPENDIX A TABLE A-25 Number of Unpaid Volunteers in Private Schools, by Region Volunteers per School - Region Volunteers1-56-2020+ NUMBER Total 345,99428,78576,687240,523 North Central 79,2397,11021,38450,745 NoItheast 54,8214,04312,64038,138 South 39,5334,6498,60926,274 West 56,6153,350B,39044,874 PERCENT Total 100.08.322.269.5 Now Central 100.09.027.064.0 Northeast 100.07.423.169.6 South 100.011.821.866.5 West 100.05.914.879.3 NOTE: See text at beginning of Appendix A. TABLE A-26 Number of Unpaid Volunteers in Private Schools, by Religious Orientation Religious Volunteers per School Orientation Volunteers 1-5 6-20 20+ NUMBER Total 345,994 28,7B5 76,687 240,523 Secular 21,284 2,373 4,042 14,869 Religious 208,690 16,725 46,803 145,162 PERCENT Total 100.0 8.3 22.2 69.5 Secular 100.0 11.1 19.0 69.9 Religious 100.0 8.0 22.4 69.6 NOTE: See text at beginning of Appendix A.