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23 FIGURE 18 JFK Terminal 5 plans, model, construction, and interior. tion at a future time. The design of the new Terminal 5 was A tight construction schedule for the JetBlue terminal, low profile and wraps around the back of the flight center. and The two buildings are connected through Saarinen's original Somewhat limited options for aeronautical use. departure and arrival passenger tubes (Figure 18). PANYNJ is one of the first airports in the country to invest PANYNJ invested $30 million for restoration of the in the preservation of a historic landmark terminal. It has TWA Flight Center. The structure was restored to its origi- completed the initial restoration of the building and mitigation nal design. Asbestos was removed and the floor tile was of environmental hazards. To fully integrate the flight center replaced. The restoration was completed in 2010. into the JetBlue Terminal would require additional redesign of passenger processing. Today, the flight center sits in close PANYNJ intends to solicit proposals for reuse. proximity but off the critical path of passenger arrivals either by car or by the JFK AirTrain. The flight center is also away from passenger check-in areas and located before security. LESSONS LEARNED Redesign of the space for alternative uses offers addi- Unlike urban areas where adaptive reuse can lead to a variety tional possibilities for nonaeronautical revenues. PANYNJ of single- or mixed-use solutions, the reuse of the TWA Flight already has received many ideas for reuse including a Center was initially challenged by three important factors: museum, conference center, restaurant, first class lounge, or hotel. It will pursue these and other options through a solici- The high cost of restoration, tation of proposals.