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32 BACKGROUND provided GA services on the airport. Concerns about quality of service prompted the airport to replace the FBO and to In 1993, the Williams AFB was closed and subdivided into offer GA services and sell fuel directly. Thus began Gateway three parcels. One went to Arizona State University, another Aviation Services, the Authority-owned FBO. Gateway Avia- went to Chandler Gilbert Community College, and the larg- tion Services supports a Department of Defense fuel contract, est parcel was set aside for redevelopment of the property which keeps fuel volumes high. In addition, the FBO fuels air- into a public airport. A Joint Powers Airport Authority craft operated by the Department of Justice, U.S. Citizenship Agreement was signed in 1994 between the cities of Mesa, and Immigration Services, and more recently Allegiant Air. Gilbert, and Queen Creek, providing for the formation of the Building 45 houses a full-service restaurant, U.S. Customs Airport Authority. This agreement was amended twice, once and Border Protection, and several offices that are rented. in December 1995 to include the Gila River Indian Commu- Another FBO, Worldwide Flight Services, also operates on nity and again in 2006 to add the city of Phoenix. the airfield, providing above and below the wing services. Today, two major educational institutions are operating programs on the airport. A 600-acre parcel of the property REUSE OF BUILDING 15 was deeded to Arizona State University for a new eastern campus. There was a large potential synergy between the The long-range plan for AZA anticipated that it would university and the airport. Eventually, this campus was function as an air service satellite to Phoenix Sky Harbor renamed the Polytechnic Campus, and several applied sci- International. In accordance with this objective, the Airport ence programs are based at this location, including nursing, Authority recruited Allegiant Air to develop a focus city at agribusiness, a branch of the W.P. Carey School of Business, AZA. In July 2007, Allegiant Air announced that it would and an alternative fuels center that is investigating the use of serve eight cities with two aircraft from AZA. (Today, Alle- different strains of algae for jet fuel. giant provides service to 27 cities.) Building 15 had already served as a charter terminal. Site selection ultimately was Following the base closure, Chandler Gilbert Commu- determined on the basis of two important factors: (1) a prop- nity College received a large warehouse on the property erty that could be expanded and (2) a location that was adja- and moved its aviation curriculum to the airfield. The col- cent to the strongest existing pavement (see Figure 26). lege offers FAA-certified programs in airframe and power- train maintenance and flight training. Technical specialties Building 15 was originally used by the U.S. Air Force as a include aircraft maintenance, electronics/avionics, and air- classroom. When the Airport Authority selected it for a pas- craft construction. The school has also partnered with the senger terminal, it considered the facility as an interim termi- University of North Dakota and Arizona State University nal and that, long term, a permanent passenger facility would East to provide upper division coursework in pilot training be constructed as an airport city from a green field site on the at the Williams Campus. northeastern side of the airport. The terminal opened in 2001, 8 years after the base was closed. Building 15 was usable and The Airport Authority received 3,020 acres, which included in reasonable structural and mechanical condition; however, it three long runways and many buildings. To begin operations, did require extensive modification of the interior and exterior. Runway 12L/30R was completely rebuilt and the other two run- Initial reuse required reconstruction of interior walls, offices, ways were resurfaced. Many small outbuildings were demol- floors, ceiling, electrical systems, heating, ventilation, and air ished. Most of the initial conversion costs were paid for with conditioning (HVAC), telecommunications, bathrooms, and federal grants. Because of the location of the Arizona State a parking lot. These initial improvements were funded by the campus, the airport also had to relocate the main entrance to Airport Authority member governments, an FAA grant, and the facility. Activity at the airport is centralized on the western a state transportation grant. side; however, an ultimate build-out of the eastern side is antici- pated if passenger traffic continues to increase. Since the first remodel of Building 15, the facility has already had two expansions. In 2008, Allegiant Air loaned It took 5 years to ready the airport for public use. In the the Airport Authority $3 million (plus $1 million in inter- meantime, the Airport Authority invited Boeing to bring in est) to fund a 10,000-ft2 terminal expansion that doubled the several test flights for the 777. This created positive publicity number of gates to four. The loan has already been repaid for the airport. through a $4.50 passenger facility charge. In 2010, the air- port added a 25,000-ft2 building paid for in part through a $1.3 million FAA grant. A third 30,000-ft2 terminal project REUSE OF BUILDING 45 expansion is expected to launch in the summer of 2011. In 2004, the Airport Authority remodeled Building 45 into In January 2010, 2 years after scheduled service began, a general aviation (GA) terminal. Previously, a private FBO AZA had served more than 1 million passengers (Figure 27).