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64 Improving Safety-Related Rules Compliance in the Public Transportation Industry Describes the egregious events that are not acceptable; examples include gross negligence, criminal activity, substance abuse, controlled substances, alcohol, or intentional falsification of information Describes the reporting process and the role of the report review team Outlines the provisions for information dissemination from the safety reporting system For both the aviation and railroad safety reporting systems, the template MOU was devel- oped by committees composed of stakeholders representing all facets of their respective industries. The program managers of the safety reporting systems reported that negotiating the final Implementing Memorandum of Understanding (IMOU) was the lengthiest part of the implementation. This was due in large part to the numerous stakeholder requirements. Team- and consensus-building training for the stakeholders will facilitate negotiations. In addition, the language of the MOU template needs to be amenable to the changes that may be required during negotiations (i.e., a single MOU suitable for all public transit agencies is not practical). Reporting Process Figure 14 presents a diagram of the recommended reporting process as well as the report review as described in the next section. The most important aspect of the report submission process is to encourage timely submission. For a voluntary safety reporting system, the only way to accomplish this is to incentivize the process by setting a time limit for submittal of reports that will be covered by protective provisions (i.e., immunity). For some safety reporting systems, the time limit ranges from 24 hours to 10 days. It is important for the reporter to relate the event before Figure 14. Safety reporting process.