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7. Basic Elements of Your Airport general Key Po i nt An airport's infrastructure is often discussed in terms of landside and airside facilities. The airside of an airport is planned, developed, and managed to accommodate the movement of aircraft around the airport as well as to and from the air. The landside of an airport is planned, developed, and managed to accommodate the movement of ground-based vehicles, passengers and cargo, parking lots, garages, entrance roads, and non-secure areas. The basic elements of small general aviation airports are obviously much different than large commercial service airports. Following is a diagram depicting the basic airside elements of an airport: T h e Ai r p o r t Air Tra c Control Fueling Deicing Snow Removal Terminal Apron Hangars Hangars Maintenance a TSA Operations RPZ Are ty afe Apron S ay nw Ru F I NAN C I AL Air eld Lighting Runways Fueling Taxiways Runways Runway Protection Zone (RPZ) Passenger Bridges rules Air eld Maintenance Air eld Security Crash/Fire/Rescue 16
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GENERAL D is c u s s i o n The airport owner ensures landside features such as access roads, circulatory roads, and auto parking are of sufficient capacity and are appropriately maintained to meet passenger and customer needs. Other features seen on the landside of an airport include both aviation and non-aviation related businesses, support buildings, and facilities. Terminal areas provide the critical link between the airside of the airport and ground access. The terminal area provides the facilities and processes to efficiently move passengers, crew, and cargo onto and off aircraft. There are many different commercial building layout configurations used around the THE AIRPORT country. When airports experience growth, some terminal buildings are expanded, whereas it may be necessary to build new terminal areas at other airports. Typical components of a commercial terminal building include curbside activities, ticketing, concessions, baggage handling, passenger screening/security, concourses, holding areas, gates, and jetways to aircraft. A typical general aviation terminal building will include a service counter, waiting area, pilot's lounge, flight planning, and a conference room. Airside and airfield components of an airport include aircraft parking areas, taxiways, runways, lighting systems, signage, marking, and navigational and visual aids. Pavement edge lighting and airfield signs provide directional and situational guidance to pilots. In addition, facilities that aid in the safe operation of the airport are located on or close to the airfield, such as aircraft rescue fire fighting (ARFF) facilities, snow removal, aircraft deicing stations, fuel facilities, and weather reporting equipment. There are also important land features such as runway protection zones (RPZs) in the approaches to runways to help protect people and property from FINANCIAL aircraft operations. Airport owners should own adequate land interest in the RPZs to keep them free of development not compatible with airports. Areas around the runways and taxiways that are designed to accommodate aircraft that overrun, undershoot, or veer off the pavements create another safety feature. The size of runways and taxiways are determined largely by the critical aircraft performance characteristics at the airport's elevation and hottest average temperature. Small general aviation airports at lower elevations typically may have a 4,000- foot long runway. A medium size general aviation airport, possibly classified as a reliever airport, may have a runway of 5,500 feet or more that enables it to service small business jets. Commercial air carrier runways serving large aircraft on long range flights might be 9,000 feet in length. The weight and gear configuration of the aircraft using the airport dictate the required pavement structure and thickness. App l i c at i o n Tour the basic elements of both the landside and airside of your airport. Become familiar with what it takes to operate the airport (see Issue Paper #9 The Airport: What It Takes to RULES Operate Your Airport). See your ALP to become familiar with your airport's layout. 17