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8. Your Airport in Action general Key Po i nt Airports possess their own unique financial, political, operational, and environmental challenges. Some are small and fairly calm while others are large and bustling with activity for much of the day. Although unique as standalone entities, all airports link communities to the national air transportation network and are seen as places of action and commerce since their primary role is to safely transport people and cargo. D i s cu s s i on T h e Ai r p o r t Airport activities can be separated into four broad categories. Air Carrier and General/Corporate Government Airport Owner Related Activities Aviation and Activities Activities Related Activities Air carriers, whether an airline or cargo carrier, decide which markets they serve by weighing projected revenue to be F I NAN C I AL generated against the estimated cost of providing service. Airlines focus on the size of the actual and potential market, fuel costs, landing fees, counter and office rentals, and costs associated with launching service in a new community. General aviation services are usually provided by a fixed-base operator (FBO). An FBO may be a private enterprise or city/county/state owned. FBOs generally offer fuel, oil, and aircraft maintenance services. Full-service FBOs offer a variety of other revenue generating services such as aircraft rentals and sales, charter flights, pilot training, and specialty maintenance. FBOs also typically provide an area in their facility for flight planning, weather briefings, and a computer terminal for automated flight activities. In addition to FBOs, some airports have Specialized Aviation Service Operators (SASOs) which offer a single or complementary service such as aircraft rental and flight training. Government activities on an airport may include air traffic control, maintenance of navigational equipment, passenger security, customs, and federal inspection. At some airports, air traffic control may be handled by a private company rather than FAA employees. See Issue Paper # 9 The Airport: What it Takes to Operate Your Airport for information about airport owner activities relative to operating the airport. Air carrier airports and a few general aviation airports have on-site aircraft rescue and fire fighting capability, with associated personnel. They also may have on-site snow removal equipment, de-icing capability, rules and maintenance operations. 18
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The table below illustrates the wide variety of services and activities typically found at an airport. As shown, these activities vary based upon the size and type of airport. Smaller air carrier airports may not have all of the activities shown and some GENERAL general aviation airports may have more services than shown, while some of the federal activities may be limited to only certain airports. Type of Activity/ Air Carrier Airport Air Carrier Airport General Aviation General Aviation Service (Large Hub/ (Small) Airport Airport International) (Busy/Reliever) (Small) Airlines Passenger terminal General aviation terminal Food service Taxis on site THE AIRPORT Concession shops Charter service Fixed-base operator full-service Fixed-base operator minor service Cargo facilities Flight training Medivac facilities Air traffic control Federal customs/ inspection FINANCIAL Federal passenger security operations Airport rescue and fire fighting operations Airport maintenance on-site Snow removal/ de-icing App l i c at i o n Tour your airport to become aware of its activities, services, and tenants. RULES 19