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9. What It Takes to Operate Your Airport general Key Po i nt The complexity of operating an airport obviously varies depending upon the type and size of airport. Large commercial service airports may have an organization with full staffs handling finance, administration, planning and engineering, landside operations, terminal building operations, and airside operations. Small general aviation airports may handle all of these functions with very few people. A primary goal for all airports is to have an effective operations program that generally focuses on airfield safety, security, maintenance, and emergency preparedness. D i s cu s s i on T h e Ai r p o r t Just as pilots are required to receive an FAA certificate demonstrating their "competency," certain airports are required to do the same. Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) Part 139 outlines these "competency" requirements and applies to airports that serve scheduled air carrier aircraft with more than nine seats or unscheduled air carrier operations in aircraft with more than 30 seats. Elements of all airport safety programs should focus on operational airfield safety and include the condition and adequacy of several airfield elements, as shown in the Sample Inspection Checklist on the following page. The most costly requirement of FAR Part 139 is the provision of aircraft rescue and firefighting services. The FAA regulation specifies minimum equipment, how quickly this equipment and personnel must respond to an emergency, and minimum training for firefighters. FAA staff perform a periodic inspection of certificated airports and a simulated emergency ARFF drill to determine if the staff and equipment can meet the required response time. F I NAN C I AL In addition to the regulatory requirements for certificated airports, all airports should maintain and operate a safe airport. This is best done in the course of daily operations of the airport, with a process that includes: Reporting of Routine Identification of significant Timely correction inspection of discrepancies discrepancies to of discrepancies certain facilities the flying public ??? N OT I C E Other elements of a good airport operations program include a communications protocol with the airport traffic control tower staff (if there is one), a program to prevent runway incursions, management of wildlife hazards, issuance of notices to airmen when needed, personnel training, and noise abatement procedures. rules 20
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Sample Inspec tion Check list GENERAL THE AIRPORT Part 139 certificated airports are required to have an emergency plan; however, all airports should have a plan for how to handle Command and Control Communications emergencies. The plan should be coordinated closely with other Alert and Warning regional emergency plans and agencies. Emergencies can range Protective Actions from an aircraft incident to a natural disaster. FINANCIAL Fire and Rescue Law Enforcement Similar to the safety requirements of airports, the TSA has Health and Medical specific regulatory requirements for the secure operation of air Resource Management carrier airports. These include controlling access to the airport Emergency Public Information operations area, perimeter security, and law enforcement. The Operations and Maintenance airport owner outlines the security program and procedures in an Airport Security Manual that is approved by TSA. TSA also provides advisory information for security of general aviation airports. App l i c at i o n Request that airport management provide an overview of the airport's operations programs and emergency plan. Command and Control Communications RULES Alert and Warning Protective Actions Fire and Rescue Law Enforcement Health and Medical Resource Management Emergency Public Information Operations and Maintenance 21