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3. Partners and Relationships general Key Po i nt Airports are typically owned and operated by local governments; however, it is not a lonely endeavor. State aviation agencies, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), the Transportation Security Administration (TSA), and airport industry groups are strong partners that provide technical guidance, set important standards, and in some cases help fund capital development. States, FAA, and TSA also regulate and control many aspects of aviation and airports. In addition to these organizations, there are many individual and stakeholder groups that airports impact. Local airport policy makers should have an awareness of the airport's relationships with these partners and stakeholders. The Airport Users Key Stakeholders · Concessionaires · Airport Customers · Airlines · Passengers · Tenants · Community nagement a · Fixed Base Operators · Neighbors · Pilots t Ma nd · General Public · Hangar Owners or -makingB icy St p Air a oa l Po rd Airport Owner Advocacy Industry FINANCIAL Groups · American Association of Regulators/Government Airport Executives Partners · Airports Council International · Federal Aviation Administration · National Association of State · Transportation Security Aviation Officials Administration · Aircraft Owners and Pilots · State Aviation Agency Association · Local Agencies · National Business Aviation Association D i s cu s s i on Users Key Stakeholders Users, stakeholders, ·and industry groups all influence airport operations Concessionaires and plans. Correspondingly, state aviation · Airport Customers agencies, the FAA, and TSA exert the greatest influence on airports and · Airlines are more fully described below. · Passengers · Tenants · Community · Fixed Base Operators n age m en · Neighbors rules States generally have· a staff Pilots dedicated to airport Ma and t aviationansupport -- typically a department, division, or aeronautics · General Public agency. Many states have a formal grant program · Hangar Owners r t d and can assist local airports with planning, maintenance, construction, o m aking Bo some or all of the local financial share of federal grants. icy projects, and St p land acquisition, terminal development, security Air a Some states also license airports based on state standards. l ard Po Airport 8 Owner
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FAA is the federal agency charged with the regulation and safety of civil aviation. FAA's primary roles and responsibilities include: GENERAL · Operating the air navigation and air traffic control systems (owning facilities on some airports); · Administering a multi-billion dollar Airport Improvement Program for the planning and development of airports (see Issue Paper # 14 - Financial: Funding Capital Improvements); · Certifying pilots, aircraft, and commercial airports; · Maintaining standards for development of airports; · Regulating air travel; · Publishing the National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems (NPIAS); and · Promoting environmental compatibility of aircraft, flight procedures, airport operations, and airport development. Airports primarily interface with an FAA Airports District Office or Regional Airports Division on most issues. FAA's Air Traffic Organization often assists with matters related to navigational aids, air traffic control, and development of THE AIRPORT instrument flight procedures. TSA is the federal agency responsible for overseeing aviation security and issues rules and regulations for airports serving commercial air carrier and cargo operations. Although there are no similar regulations for general aviation airports, TSA has published guidelines for these facilities. A primary feature of airport relationships is the span of control and authority vested in these government organizations. The following table provides examples of federal, state, and local government control and oversight: State and Local Control Federal Control Airport ordinances and resolutions Navigable airspace (exclusive control) Zoning and land use Aircraft, pilot, and airport certification Building codes Aircraft noise standards FINANCIAL Rules and regulations Regulation of airports Minimum standards Regulation of pilots and aircraft Taxes and impact fees Noise abatement and mitigation App l i c at i o n Become familiar with the state aviation organization and know how it can help. Work with the airport manager to understand key relationships, especially FAA. RULES 9