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16 A Guidebook for Sustainability Performance Measurement for Transportation Agencies Chapter 5 Using the Sustainability Performance Measurement Framework Successful This chapter details how to apply the fundamental steps of the implementation of the sustainability performance measurement framework. This sustainability guidebook discusses the application of the framework through performance the following steps: measurement framework requires an Step 1 Understanding sustainability, agency to consider the overall context in terms Step 2 Developing transportation sustainability goals, of the type and scale of Step 3 Developing objectives, performance measurement Step 4 Developing performance measures, application. Step 5 Implementing performance measures, and Step 6 Refining the framework and applying feedback. Chapters 6 and 7 of this guide introduce the compendium of objectives and performance measures and a sustainability checklist--resources for further applying and reviewing the SPM framework. STEP 1 UNDERSTANDING SUSTAINABILITY Understanding what sustainability means is the first step in being able to apply the framework for sustainability. This framework defines a set of general, inclusive principles of sustainability that become the foundation for all subsequent decisions (Figure 1). The four sustainability principles are 1. Preserving and enhancing environmental and ecological systems, 2. Fostering community health and vitality,