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26 CHAPTER FIVE TRENDS AND INDUSTRY REPORTS This chapter provides suggestions for revised ground safety require equivalent training and certification as do practices from industry studies addressing processes and pro- other industries (AOSP 2004). cedures, standards, certifications, PPE, management over- sight, and data collection and reporting. Suggestions included In the 2007 ACI annual survey on Apron Incidents and increased coordination among airports, airlines, and GSPs Accidents, member airports were asked to provide sugges- through committees, meetings, and champions. A compila- tions for enhancing safety on aprons. ACI members offered tion of suggestions is presented from two industry resources a variety of actions including forming committees, providing [Airport Operations Safety Panel (AOSP) and ACI] and a training, developing communication and promotion pro- summary is provided to consolidate the findings. grams, conducting audits, establishing standards, and enforc- ing safety through various means. The following list presents suggestions from the ACI members surveyed in 2007 and INDUSTRY SUGGESTIONS reported in 2009. The suggestions are compiled into logical groups such as committees, promotion and training, stan- In a 2004 report on the Safety of Airport Operations, dards, data management, and operational improvements. Reducing Accidents and Improving Safety on the Ramp by Duplications of items are included to demonstrate more the AOSP, the panel provided a set of recommendations to than one response from the ACI members surveyed (ACI enhance safety on the ramp. The panel was comprised of 2009). industry representatives to "raise industry awareness on the current state of airport operations safety" (AOSP 2004). The report states that Safety Committees The aviation industry has entered a period of significant tran- · Establish an Apron Safety Committee. sition. Airlines are making progress in returning to profitability · Establish an Apron Safety Committee with representa- but serious financial hurdles remain. Cost cutting and preser- tives of the airport community. vation of capital has never been more important. Airlines are actively pursuing a new business model that calls for outsourc- · Hold safety committee meetings twice a year with the ing non-core businesses. Airport managers are confronted with ground handling provider's representatives, the local a new business model that requires active involvement on airport authorities, and the public authorities. the ramp. · Hold specific committee meetings whenever necessary. The AOSP panel recommendations included the follow- ing two items for improved safety of ramp operations: Promotion and Training 1. Adopt a set of minimum standards for ramp operations, · Conduct ground safety seminars on a regular basis. which is championed by airports. According to John · Provide continuous training and monitoring activities in Goglia, AOSP panel chairman, "The model should be apron areas. that the airport take control and dictate a set of pro- · Distribute safety-related information in different lan- cedures. The common dominator for this issue (stan- guages, or where possible use pictograms. dards) is the airport. . . . It is in the airport's best interest · Hold regular airside safety campaigns. to monitor the activity on the ramp; they have the final · Identify minimum training standards for airside drivers. liability." · Organize an apron safety week for enhanced awareness. 2. Adopt standardized licensing, training, and certifica- · Prominently display posters on apron safety. tion for safe vehicle operation on the ramp for ramp · Publish an airport safety bulletin. operators. Ramp personnel driving tankers, deicing · Regular training of personnel in apron safety. equipment, and push back tugs do not require special · Conduct\safety awareness classes. permits or certifications as are mandated off of air- · Display safety slogans; for example, "be clever--be port facilities. The panel recommends that airports careful," "taking off with safety" at numerous locations.