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43 APPENDIX B Matrix of Residential Real Property Statutory Disclosure Provisions (Except as noted in Appendix C, the statutes do not specifically refer to airports) Definition of Real Property Defining residential real property to be Alaska Stat. 34.70.200 (2010) property having one to four dwelling units Del. Code Ann. tit. 6, 2571 (2010) Haw. Rev. Stat. 508D-1 (2010) 765 Ill. Comp. Stat. 77/5 (2010) Me. Rev. Stat. Ann., tit. 33, 171(6) (West 2010) Md. Ann. Code, Real Prop. 10-702(b)(1) (2010) Mich. Comp. Laws 565.952, 2 (2010) Miss. Code Ann. 89-501(1) (2010) Neb. Rev. Stat. 76-2,120(1)(c) (2010) Nev. Rev. Stat. 113.100(4) (2010) N.C. Gen. Stat. 47E-1 (2010) Pa. Cons. Stat. tit. 68, 7302 (2010) S.C. Code Ann. 27-50-10(8) (2010) S.D. Codified Laws Ann. 43-4-37 (2010) Tenn. Code Ann. 66-5-201 (2010) Va. Code Ann. 55-517 (Michie 2010) Wash. Rev. Code 64.06.005 (2010) Stating specifically that disclosure is in- Minn. Stat. 513.54(1) (2010) applicable to vacant or unimproved land Md. Ann. Code, Real Prop. 10-702(b)(2)(vii) (2010) Miss. Code Ann. 89-1-501(h) (2010) Timing of Disclosure Requiring disclosure before or at the time of a Alaska Stat. 34.70.010(a) and (b) (2010) buyer's offer to purchase or on or before the exe- Cal. Civ. Code 1102.3(a) and (b) and cution of a real estate contract 1102.12 (West 2010) Conn. Gen. Stat. 20-327b(a) (2010) Del. Code Ann. tit. 6, 2572(b) and 2573 (2010) Haw. Rev. Stat. 508D-4(1)(A) and (B)

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44 and 508D-4(2) (2010) Idaho Code 55-2509 (2010) 765 Ill. Comp. Stat. 77/20 (2010) Ind. Code Ann. 32-21-5-10(a) (Burns 2010) Iowa Code 558A.2(1) (2010) La. Rev. Stat. Ann. 9:3198B.(2) (West 2010) Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit 33, 174(1) (West 2010) Md. Ann. Code, Real Prop. 10- 702(e)(4)(f)(1) (2010) Mich. Comp. Laws 565.954, 4(1) (2010) Miss. Code Ann. 89-1-503(a) and (b) (2010) Neb. Rev. Stat. 76-2,2120(7) (2010) Nev. Rev. Stat. 113.070(2), 113.080(1), and 113.130(1) (2010) N.J. Stat. Ann. 46:3C-8 (2010) N.Y. Real Prop. 462 (Consol. 2010) N.C. Gen. Stat. 47E-5(a) (2010) Ohio Rev. Code Ann. 5302.30(C) and 5302.30(I) (Baldwin 2010) Okla. Stat. 60-834(A) and (D) (2010) Or. Rev. Stat. 105.464 (2010) R.I. Gen. Laws 5-20.8-2(a) and 5-20.8-5(a) (2010) S.D. Codified Laws Ann. 43-4-38 (2010) Tenn. Code Ann. 66-5-203(a) (2010) Va. Code Ann. 55-520(A) (Michie 2010) Wash. Rev. Code 64.06.030 (2010) Wis. Stat. 709.02(1) (2010) Del. Code Ann. tit. 6 2573 (2010) Requiring that the disclosure statement be Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 33, 176(1) (West made a part of the real estate contract 2010) Ind. Code Ann. 32-21-5-7(3) (Burns 2010) N.Y. Real Prop. Law 462 (Consol. 2010) R.I. Gen. Laws 5-20.8-2(a) and 5-20.8-5(a) (2010) Amendments Requiring a seller to amend a disclosure Alaska Stat. 34.70-040 statement that has become inaccurate or when Cal. Civ. Code 1102.5 (West 2010)

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45 there has been a material change affecting the Idaho Code 558A.3(2) (2010) property Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 33, 175(2) (West 2010) Minn. Stat. 513.58, Subd. 1 (2010) N.Y. Real Prop. Law 464 (Consol. 2010) N.C. Gen. Stat. 47E-7 (2010) Ohio Rev. Code Ann. 5302.30(G) (Baldwin 2010) Okla. Stat. 60-834(C) (2010) Pa. Cons. Stat. tit. 68, 7307 and 7312 (2010) Tenn. Code Ann. 66-5-205 (2010) Va. Code Ann. 55-522 (Michie 2010) Wash. Rev. Code 64.06.040(1) (2010) Waiver of the Statutory Requirements Permitting a buyer to waive a disclo- Alaska Stat. 34.70.110 (2010) sure statement Me. Rev. Stat. Ann., tit. 33, 174(4) (West 2010) Minn. Stat. 513.60 (2010) N.Y. Real Prop. Law 462 (Consol. 2010) S.C. Code Ann. 27-50-110 (2010) Tenn. Code Ann. 66-5-202(2) (2010) Wash. Rev. Code 64.06.010(7) (2010) Prohibiting a buyer's waiver of disclosure Cal. Civ. Code 1102(c) (West 2010) Md. Ann. Code, Real Prop. 10-702(K)(1) (2010) Wash. Rev. Code 64.06.010(7) (2010) (not permitting waiver of environmental section) Seller's Duty to Disclose Limited Actual or Personal Knowledge Providing that a seller or seller's agent is not li- Cal. Civ. Code 1102.4(a) (West 2010) able for errors or omissions regarding matters of Conn. Gen. Stat. 20-327c (2010) which the seller or agent had no actual or per- Ga. Code Ann. 10-6A-5(b)(2) (2010) (applica- sonal knowledge or for information supplied by ble to brokers) governmental agencies that a seller or agent pro- Haw. Rev. Stat. 508D-9(1) (2010) vides to a buyer Idaho Code 55-2507 (2010) 765 Ill. Comp. Stat. 77/25(b) (2010)

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46 Ind. Code Ann. 32-21-5-11(a) (Burns 2010) La. Rev. Stat. Ann. 9:3198E.(2) (West 2010) Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 33, 177(1) (2010) Md. Ann. Code, Real Prop. 10-702(e)(2) (viii) and 10-702(e)(3)(iv)(1) and (2) (2010) Mich. Comp. Laws 565.955, 5(1) (2010) Minn. Stat. 513.57, Subd. 1 (2010) Miss. Code Ann. 89-1-505 (2010) Neb. Rev. Stat. 76-2,120(8) (2010) Nev. Rev. Stat. 113.150(5)(a) (2010) N.C. Gen. Stat 47E-4 (2010) Ohio Rev. Code Ann. 5302.30(F)(1) (Baldwin 2010) Okla. Stat. 60-833(B)(1) and 60-835(C) (2010) Pa. Cons. Stat. tit. 68 7309(b) (2010) R.I. Gen. Laws 5-20.8-2(a) and 5-20.8-9 (2010) S.C. Code Ann. 27-50-40(B) and (C) (2010) Tenn. Code Ann. 66-5-204(a) and (b) (2010) Va. Code Ann. 55-521(A) (Michie 2010) Wash. Rev. Code 64.06.050(1) (2010) Expert Report in Lieu of Disclosure Statement Permitting a seller to provide a buyer with an Cal. Civ. Code 1102.4(c) (West 2010) expert's report in lieu of a disclosure statement Md. Code Ann., Real Prop. 10-702(j)(1) (2010) Mich. Comp. Laws 565.955, 5(3) (2010) Minn. Stat. 513.53, Subd. 3 (2010) Miss. Code Ann. 89-1-505(3) (2010) Nev. Rev. Stat. 113.150(5)(b) (2010) N.C. Gen. Stat. 47E-6 (2010) R.I. Gen. Laws 5-20.8-8(a) (2010) Tenn. Code Ann. 66-5-204 (2010) Va. Code Ann. 55-521(C) (Michie 2010) Wis. Stat. 709.02(1) (2010)

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47 Disclosure Statement Not a Warranty Stating that a disclosure statement does Conn. Gen. Stat. 20-327b(d)(2)(D) (2010) not constitute a warranty to a buyer Del. Code Ann. tit. 6, 2574 (2010) Md. Code Ann., Real Prop. 10- 702(e)(3)(iv)(1) and (2) and (i)(1) (2010) Seller's Good Faith or Honesty in Fact Requiring a seller to make disclosure in good Alaska Stat. 34.70.060 (2010) faith, meaning "honesty in fact" Cal. Civ. Code 1102.7 (West 2010) Haw. Rev. Stat. 508D-7 (2010) Idaho Code 55-2507(5) and 55-2516 (2010) La. Rev. Stat. Ann. 9:3198B.(1) (West 2010) Mich. Comp. Laws 565.960, 10 (2010) Minn. Stat. 513.55, Subd. 1(b) (2010) Miss. Code Ann. 89-1-511 (2010) Ohio Rev. Code Ann. 5302.30 (Baldwin 2010) S.D. Codified Laws Ann. 43-4-41 (2010) Disclosure as Precluding a Seller's Liability Providing that a seller's compliance with dis- Alaska Stat. 34.70.030 (2010) closure requirements precludes liability for de- Cal. Civ. Code 1102.9 (West 2010) fects or conditions affecting the property Del. Code Ann. tit. 6, 2575(1) and (2) (2010) Haw. Rev. Stat. 508D-13 (2010) Pa. Cons. Stat. tit. 68, 7314 (2010) Va. Code Ann. 55-521(B) (Michie 2010)

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48 Transfers Exempt from Disclosure Requirements Exempting a first sale of property that Alaska Stat. 34.70.120 has never been occupied or inhabited Conn. Gen. Stat. 20-3276(b)(4) (2010) Haw. Rev. Stat. 508D-3(6) (2010) Idaho Code 55-2505(12) (2010) 765 Ill. Comp. Stat. 77/15(9) (2010) Ind. Code Ann. 32-21-5-1(b)(8) (Burns 2010) Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. 324.360(7) (2010) Md. Code Ann., Real Prop. 10- 702(b)(2)(i)(1) (2010) Minn. Stat. 513.54 (10) (2010) Neb. Rev. Stat. 76-2,120(6)(k) (2010) N.Y. Real Prop. Law 463(12) (Consol. 2010) N.C. Gen. Stat. 47E-2(9) (2010) Ohio Rev. Code Ann. 5302.30(B)(2)(l) (Baldwin 2010) Okla. Stat. 60-838(9) (2010) R.I. Gen. Laws 5-20.8-3(8) (2010) S.C. Code Ann. 27-50-30(10) (2010) S.D. Codified Laws Ann. 43-44-43(6) (2010) Tenn. Code Ann. 66-5-209(9) (2010) Va. Code Ann. 55-518(9) (Michie 2010)

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49 Exempting other transfers including transfers Cal. Civ. Code 1102.2(b), (c), (d), (e), (f), pursuant to a court order; transfers to a mort- (g), and (j) (West 2010) gagee resulting from a default under a mortgage Conn. Gen. Stat. 392 20-327b(b) (2010) or because of a foreclosure sale; transfers by a fi- Del. Code Ann. tit. 6, 2577(1)-(9) (2010) duciary; transfers between co-owners or spouses; Haw. Rev. Stat. 508D-3(1)-(8) (2010) and some transfers to or from a governmental en- Iowa Code 558A.1(4) (a)-(h) (2010) tity, as well as other transfers Me. Rev. Stat. Ann., tit. 33, 172(1)-(12) (West 2010) Md. Code Ann., Real Prop. 10-02(b)(i)(2)(ii-(vii) (2010) Mich. Comp. Laws 565.953, 3(a)-(i) (2010) Miss. Code Ann. 89-1-501(2)(g) (2010) Neb. Rev. Stat. 76-2,120(6)(a)-(l) (2010) Nev. Rev. Stat. 113.115(3)(a)-(d) (2010) N.Y. Real Prop. Law 463(1)-(14) (Consol. 2010) N.C. Gen. Stat. 47E-2(1)-(11) (2010) Ohio Rev. Code Ann. 5302.30(B)(2)(a)-(n) (Baldwin 2010) Okla. Stat. 60-838(A)(1) (2010) R.I. Gen. Laws 5-20.8-3(1)-(10) (2010) S.C. Code Ann. 27-50-30(1)-(15) (2010) S.D. Codified Laws Ann. 43-4-43(1)-(6) (2010) Tenn. Code Ann. 66-5-209(1)-(12) (2010) Va. Code Ann. 55-518(1)-(9) (Michie 2010) Wash. Rev. Code 64.06.010(1)-(7) (2010) Wis. Stat. 709.01(2)(a)-(d) (2010)

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50 Disclosure of All Material Facts or Off-Site Conditions Affecting Property Requiring a seller to disclose all material de- Del. Code Ann. tit. 6, 2572(a) (2010); fects of which the seller is aware that could ad- Haw. Rev. Stat. 508D-1 (2010) versely and significantly affect an ordinary Idaho Code 55-2508 (2010) buyer's use and enjoyment of the property or 765 Ill. Comp. Stat. 77/30(1) (2010) any intended use of the property of which the Minn. Stat. 513.55, Subds. 1(a)(1) and (2) seller is aware (2010) Requiring a seller to disclose that a property Cal. Civ. Code 1102.15, 1107.17 (West is near a former federal or state ordnance loca- 2010) tion; an industrial use; adverse physical condi- Ga. Code Ann. 10-6A-5(b)(1) and (2) (2010) tions within 1 mi that could not be discovered by Nev. Rev. Stat. 113.065(1) and (3) (2010) a buyer upon a diligent inspection; or agricul- Wash. Rev. Code 64.06.022 (2010) tural operations Requiring disclosure of matters relating to zon- N.C. Gen. Stat. 47E-4(b)(5) (2010) ing and land-use affecting a property Nev. Rev. Stat. 113.070(1) (2010) Buyer's Obligation to Inspect Property Stating that disclosure does not relieve a Del. Code Ann. tit. 6, 2574 (2010) buyer of a duty to inspect property or obtain pro- Ga. Code Ann. 10-6A-5(b)(2) (2010) fessional advice Idaho Code 55-2507(4) (2010) Ohio Rev. Code Ann. 5302.30(D)(1) (Baldwin 2010) Haw. Rev. Stat., 508D-1(3) (2010) Idaho Stat. 55-2507(3) (2010) Ind. Code Ann. 32-21-5-9 (Burns 2010) Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. 324.360(7) (2010) La. Rev. Stat. Ann. 3198(D)(1) (West 2010) Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 33, 176(1) (West 2010) Mich. Comp. Laws 565.951, 7(1) (2010) Miss. Code Ann. 89-1-509 (2010) Neb. Rev. Stat. 76-2,121(3)(e), (f), and (g) (2010)

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51 Nev. Rev. Stat. 113.130 and 113.140(3) (2010) Ohio Rev. Stat. Ann. 5302.30(D)(1) (2010) Okla. Stat. 60-832(10) and 60-833(B)(2)(c) (2010) Or. Rev. Stat. 105.464 (2010) R.I. Gen. Laws 5-20.8-2(b) (2010) S.C. Code Ann. 27-50-80 (2010) S.D. Codified Laws Ann. 43-4-44 (2010) Tenn. Code Ann. 66-5-201 and 66-5-210 (2010) Va. Code Ann. 55-518(B) (Michie 2010) Wash. Rev. Code 64.06.015 (2010) Effect of Nondisclosure on a Transfer of Real Property Providing that nondisclosure does not in- Alaska Stat. 34.70.090(a) (2010) validate a transfer of property or create a Cal. Civ. Code 1102.13 (West 2010) defect in title Idaho Code 55-2517 (2010) Ind. Code Ann. 32-21-5-7(3) and 32-21-5-10(c) (Burns 2010) Iowa Code 558A.8 (2010) La. Rev. Stat. Ann. 9:3198B.1(3)(c) (West 2010) Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 33, 176(1) (West 2010) Mich. Comp. Laws 565.964, 14 (2010) Minn. Stat. 513.59 (2010) Miss. Code Ann. 89-1-523 (2010) Neb. Rev. Stat. 76-2,120(11) (2010) Ohio Rev. Code Ann. 5302.30(K)(1) (Baldwin 2010) Okla. Stat. 60-837(E) (2010) Pa. Cons. Stat. tit. 68, 7311(a) (2010) R.I. Gen. Laws 5-20.8-5(b) (2010) (creates no defect in title) S.C. Code Ann. 27-50-50(B) (2010) S.D. Codified Laws Ann. 43-4-42 (2010) Buyer's Right to Withdraw Offer or Rescind Sales Contract Permitting a buyer to withdraw an offer or Alaska Stat. 34.70.020 (2010)

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52 rescind a sales contract because of a seller's Cal. Civ. Code 1102.3 (West 2010) noncompliance Haw. Rev. Stat. 508D-16(b) (2010) 765 Ill. Comp. Stat. 77/40 (2010) La. Rev. Stat. 9:3198B.3(a) (2010) Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 33, 174(2) (West 2010) Mich. Comp. Laws 565.954, 4 (2010) Nev. Rev. Stat. 113.130(b)(1) and 113.150(1) and (2) (2010) N.C. Gen. Stat. 47E-5(b) (2010) Ohio Rev. Code Ann. 5302.30(K)(2) (Baldwin 2010) Or. Rev. Stat. 105.475(1) (2010) R.I. Gen. Laws 5-20.8-4(a) and (b)(1) and (2) (2010) S.D. Codified Laws Ann. 43-4-38 and 43-4- 39 (2010) Va. Code Ann. 55-520(B) (Michie 2010) Wash. Rev. Code 64.06.030 and 64.06.040(3) (2010) Buyer's Right to Rescind After Transfer of Title Permitting a buyer to rescind after the trans- Haw. Rev. Stat. 508D-6(2) (2010) fer of property because of a seller's noncompli- 765 Ill. Comp. Stat. 77/40 (2010) ance Md. Code Ann., Real Prop. 10-702(k)(2)(i) (2010) Buyer's Other Remedies Permitting a buyer to sue for a seller's Alaska Stat. 34.70.070 (2010) noncompliance or to pursue other remedies Cal. Civ. Code 1102.1(a), 1102.8, and under state law 1102.13 (West 2010) Haw. Rev. Stat 508D-14 (2010) Idaho Code 55-2514 (2010) 765 Ill. Comp. Stat. 77/45 (2010) La. Rev. Stat. Ann. 9:3198B.(d) (West 2010) Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 33, 178 (West 2010) Minn. Stat. 513.57, Subd. 3 (2010) Ohio Rev. Code Ann. 5302.30(J) and (L) (Baldwin 2010)

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53 Pa. Cons. Stat. tit. 68, 7313(a) (2010) Wash. Rev. Code 64.06.070 (2010) Recovery of Damages Permitting a buyer to claim actual damages Alaska Stat. 34.70.090(b) and (c) (2010) for a seller's noncompliance Haw. Rev. Stat. 508D-16(c) (2010) Idaho Code 55-2517 (2010) 765 Ill. Comp. Stat. 77/55 (2010) Iowa Code 558A.6 (2010) Minn. Stat. 513.57, Subd. 2 (2010) Miss. Code Ann. 89-1-523 (2010) Neb. Rev. Stat 76-2,120(12) (2010) N.Y. Real Prop. Law 465(2) (Consol. 2010) Okla. Stat. 60-837(B) (2010) Pa. Cons. Stat. tit. 68, 7311(a) (2010) S.D. Codified Laws Ann. 43-4-42 (2010) Tenn. Code Ann. 66-5-208(a)(1) (2010) Va. Code Ann. 55-524(B)(2) (Michie 2010) Recovery of Civil Penalty Permitting recovery of civil penalty for a Nev. Rev. Stat. 113.150(4) (2010) seller's noncompliance R.I. Gen. Laws 5-20.8-5 (2010) S.C. Code Ann. 27-50-65 (2010) N.Y. Real Prop. Law 465(1) (Consol. 2010) Attorney's Fees and Costs Permitting a buyer to recover attorney's fees Alaska Stat. 34.70.090(d) (2010) and costs for a seller's noncompliance Haw. Rev. Stat. 508D-16(c) (2010) 765 Ill. Comp. Stat. 77/25 (2010) Neb. Rev. Stat. 76-2,120(12) (2010) Nev. Rev. Stat. 113.150(4) (2010) Okla. Stat. 60-837(D) (2010) S.C. Code Ann. 27-50-65 (2010) S.D. Codified Laws Ann. 43-4-42 (2010)

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54 Statute of Limitations Providing for a 1- or 2-year statute of limi- Haw. Rev. Stat. 508D-17 (2010) (2 years) tations commencing from the date of the 765 Ill. Comp. Stat. 77/60 buyer's receipt of the disclosure statement, (2010) (1 year) the date of settlement, or the date of occu- Neb. Rev. Stat. 76-2,120(12) (2010) pancy of leased property (1 year) Minn. Stat. 513.57, Subd. 2 (2010) (2 years) Okla. Stat. 60-837(c) (2010) (2 years) Pa. Cons. Stat. tit. 68, 7311, 7311(b) (2010) (2 years) Tenn. Code Ann. 66-5-208(a)(1) (2010) (1 year) Va. Code Ann. 55-524(C) (Michie 2010) (1 year)