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32 GLOSSARY OF TERMS Fixed-Route --Services provided on a repetitive, fixed- c. Focus on innovation, changing usual business schedule basis along a specific route with vehicles stop- practices; ping to pick up and deliver passengers to specific locations d. Cultivating partnerships and multiagency activities; using rubber tire vehicles. e. Offer a single point of access for customers to multiple Flex-Route or Route Deviation --A type of transit service travel modes; that operates as conventional fixed-route bus service along a fixed alignment or path with scheduled time f. Apply advanced technologies; points at each terminal point and key intermediate loca- g. Coordinate community-wide planning with transpor- tions. Flex-route service is different from conventional tation influencing land use and zoning decisions; fixed-route bus service in that the bus may flex from the route alignment to serve destinations within a prescribed h. Ensure transit-friendly designs in long-range plans; and distance (e.g., mile) of the route. Following an off-route i. Receive business community and voter support as deviation, the bus must return to the point on the route it well as local governmental support. left. Passengers may use the service in two ways: Nonemergency Medical Transportation --Transportation a. If they want to be taken off route as part of a service provided for persons on Medicaid, often the largest fund- deviation, they must tell the bus operator when board- ing source for rural transit. Each state manages its pro- ing; or gram in its own way, resulting in many different models. b. If they want to be picked up at an off-route location, Some states coordinate service with public transit and they must call the transit system and request a pickup, others do not. and the dispatcher notifies the bus operator. Paratransit --Types of passenger transportation that are Hybrid Service --Types of transit services that are a cross more flexible than conventional fixed-route transit, but between fixed-route and paratransit. Typical hybrid more structured than the use of private automobiles; typi- designs include flex-route service and point-deviation cally identified by its curb-to-curb or door-to-door ser- service. vice. Paratransit includes demand-response transportation services, shared-ride taxis, car-pooling, and vanpooling. Immediate Response Dial-a-Ride --A form of paratransit in which the customer requests service about an hour Section 5310 (Elderly Individuals and Individuals with Dis- before service is needed. It is similar to a taxi, but with abilities) --Financial assistance for purchasing capital grouping of trips to the maximum extent. equipment or purchasing service to be used to transport the elderly and persons with disabilities. Intercity Bus --Regularly scheduled bus service for the gen- eral public, using an over-the-road bus, that-- Section 5311 (Nonurbanized or Rural Area) --Financial assistance to enhance the access of people in nonurban- a. Operates with limited stops over fixed routes connect- ized (rural) areas for any needs and provide for the par- ing two or more urban areas not in close proximity, or ticipation of private transportation providers in connecting one or more rural communities with an nonurbanized transportation [Section 5311(f) to the max- urban area not in close proximity; imum extent feasible]. b. Has the capacity for transporting baggage carried by Section 5316 (Job Access and Reverse Commute--JARC) -- passengers; and The JARC program provides funding for developing new or c. Makes meaningful connections with scheduled inter- expanded transportation services that connect low-income city bus service to points that are more distant. persons to jobs and other employment-related services, and to transport residents of urbanized areas and nonurbanized Mobility Manager --Mobility management is a process of areas to suburban employment opportunities. managing a coordinated community-wide transportation service network comprising the operations and infra- Section 5317 (New Freedom) --The New Freedom program structures of multiple trip providers in partnership with provides funding to assist individuals with disabilities to each other. access and use transportation services, including trans- portation to and from jobs and employment support ser- a. Focus on moving people rather than vehicles; vices. Projects funded through the New Freedom program b. Offer a full range of travel options to the single-occu- must be both new and go beyond the requirements of the pant auto; Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.