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OCR for page 74
74 conference included transit but was not limited to it. The con- The NTD is the system through which FTA collects uniform ference's purpose was to address organizational approaches, data needed by the Secretary of Transportation to adminis- implementation experiences, customer perspectives, and tech- ter department programs. The data consist of selected finan- nical issues related to performance measures of transportation cial and operating data that describe public transportation systems. characteristics for all types of transit modes, including but Covering performance measures of multimodal transpor- not limited to bus, heavy rail, light rail, monorail, automated tation systems, the conference was organized around four guideway transit (AGT), ferry, inclined plane, and vanpool. main topics: These data include performance measures in the areas of service efficiency, cost effectiveness, and service effectiveness. 1. Linking performance measures with decision making; Specifically, they include the following measures: 2. Implementing transportation system performance measures in agencies; Service efficiency 3. Selecting measures, data needs, and analytical issues; and Operating expenses per vehicle revenue mile 4. Connecting system performance measures to broader Operating expenses per vehicle revenue hour goals. Cost effectiveness Operating expenses per passenger mile The second national performance measure conference, Operating expenses per unlinked passenger trip held in Irvine, California, in 2004 [2.3.21], served as a milestone Service effectiveness to define the state of the practice and acknowledge recent work Unlinked passenger trips per vehicle revenue mile in the use of performance measures, share experiences and Unlinked passenger trips per vehicle revenue hour resources, and identify key areas that needed further research [2.3.12] or additional peer exchange. Designed to maximize the exchange of information and These measures may be applicable to airport APM systems perspectives among the participants, the second conference and merit further analysis. For those measures involving a on performance measures commissioned a series of resource cost/expense component, the type of expense information papers on the five themes discussed during the conference: applied in the measure would have to be studied carefully to ensure the same or similar information would be included. 1. Performance measures--state of the practice; The measures containing a vehicle-hour component, how- 2. Impact of performance measures on internal and external ever, may not be appropriately applied to the APM industry relationships; in general since vehicle hours are closely tied in traditional 3. Tying together performance-based program development public transit to vehicle operator expenses and time, which, and delivery; 4. Data and tools required to support decision making; and because of the fully automated nature of the systems, do not 5. Measuring performance in difficult-to-measure areas. exist in the APM industry. A list of safety and security data collected by the NTD Individual papers or presentations from these conferences program is provided as follows. may be applicable to the development of performance mea- sures for airport APM systems. Safety Collisions Derailments 2.3.2.3 National Transit Database Fires The National Transit Database is the FTA's primary national Fatalities/injuries database for statistics on the transit industry. Recipients of Evacuation FTA Urbanized Area Formula Program grants (5307) and Suicides (attempting/committing/others affected) Nonurbanized Area Formula Program grants (5311) are Security required by statute to submit data to the NTD. Over 650 transit Part I offenses agencies and authorities file annual reports to FTA through bRobbery the internet-based reporting system. Each year, NTD perfor- b Aggravated assault mance data are used to apportion over $4 billion of FTA funds bBurglary to transit agencies in urbanized areas. Annual NTD reports b Larceny/theft offenses are submitted to Congress summarizing transit service and b Motor vehicle theft safety data [2.3.12]. bArson