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OCR for page 95
95 27. What is the capacity of your system? the planning stages reveals that five new airport APM systems 28. How is the system operation and operating schedule in North America will be inaugurated in the next three years managed at your system? (Trans.21, "Current APM Implementations: Fall, 2008." APM 29. What is the total number of vehicle (fleet) miles accrued Guide Online). at your system in 2007? The four participating non-airport APM systems surveyed 30. What is the total number of in-service vehicle (fleet) opened in 1986, 1987, 1997, and 2003. hours accrued at your system in 2007? 31. What is the total number of passenger trips taken on 5.2.2 System and Operating Characteristics your system in 2007? Please indicate how this number is obtained (e.g., through fare gate information, ticket Response data from the system and operating character- sales, or other passenger counting systems, or if it is an istics portion of the survey were distilled and are reported estimate based on parking data, airline passenger data, or on the following pages. As can be seen from the reported other external data). data, a majority of the airport APM systems are pinched loop 32. Are passengers charged a fare to use your system? If yes, systems, have four or more stations, are less than 3 miles in please indicate the fare and basis. length, operate outdoors, operate 24 hours per day, operate in a continuous mode, operate on a peak headway of less than 300 sec, transport non-secure passengers, use rubber- 5.1.6 Section 6: Cost tire vehicles running on concrete or steel, and are designed 1. What are the costs to operate and maintain your system? to operate at a propulsion power supply voltage and current of 600VAC. Half of the airport APM survey participants provided 5.1.7 Section 7: Other ridership data for 2007. Of those seven, six based their 1. Please provide any additional information about your sys- passenger counts on airline data, parking data, random tem or (airport or non-airport) APM performance measures sampling, or some other estimate. Only one airport APM that might not have been covered by the previous survey system had counts taken from an automatic passenger questions that you believe could be useful to our research. counting system installed within the APM system. The remaining seven airport APM systems participating in the survey provided no passenger counts. The research indi- 5.2Survey Response Data, cates that passenger counting for airport APM systems is Compilation, and Analysis mostly performed manually, when that data is collected. The data received from survey participants were compre- Annual passenger trips (2007) for the seven airport APM hensive in total. The research team generated a simple cat- systems participating in the survey ranged from about egorical overview of responses based largely on the structure 3,000 to about 15 million. of the survey questionnaire, summarized in Section 5.1 and All four of the non-airport APM systems participating in provided in Chapter 6. Since some responses to survey ques- the survey have in place a means to count passengers, with tions are either not complete or are missing, some data are three of them using automatic collection methods. The 2007 not reported here but otherwise provide the reader with a annual ridership for these properties ranged from about substantial understanding of airport APM systems and their 620,000 to 2.3 million. associated performance measurement systems. Data within In comparison to the characteristics of the airport APM the report are referred to by generic APM system IDs rather survey data, the non-airport APM survey data for the than by an identifiable APM system name. The treatment of system and operating characteristics showed that a large data in this manner (as confidential) was ensured in order to majority of those systems have eight or more stations, are obtain the highest rate of participation in the surveys and the greater than 2 miles in length, operate 17 to 19 hours most comprehensive levels of data. daily, operate on a peak headway of less than 200 sec, use rubber running tires on concrete, and operate in a continu- ous mode. All of the surveyed non-airport APM systems 5.2.1 Age of Airport APM Systems Surveyed responded that the systems are outdoors and have average Of the 14 airport APM system participants responding to dwell times of 30 sec or less. the survey, two have been in service since the early 1970s and Figures A-1 through A-8 provide a synthesis of the sur- are the earliest implementations of APM systems in North vey response data received by the research team from both America. The other systems reflect opening dates in the 1990s the airport and non-airport APM systems participating in and after. A quick scan of projects under construction or in the survey.

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AIRPORT APM SYSTEM IDs 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 System Configuration Single-lane shuttle 7% 7% Single-lane bypassing Shuttle Dual-lane shuttle Single-lane Single-lane Single-lane 14% Dual-lane Pinched Pinched Pinched Pinched Pinched Dual-lane Double Double Dual-lane Single-lane 36% shuttle; bypassing by passing Double Loop shuttle loop loop loop loop loop shuttle loop loop shuttle shuttle 2 single loops shuttle shuttle 22% Pinched Loop 14% Single-lane shuttle & Single loop APM Passenger Type 14% 22% Secure Non-Secure Non-secure Combination Non-secure Non-secure Combination Non-secure Non-secure Non-secure Secure Non-secure Secure Secure Non-secure Non-secure Combination 64% APM Environment 36% Indoors Outdoors Outdoors Indoors Indoors Outdoors Indoors Outdoors Outdoors Indoors Indoors Outdoors Outdoors Outdoors Outdoors Outdoors 64% System Operating Mode 14% Continuous Combined Continuous Continuous Continuous Continuous Continuous Continuous Continuous Combined Continuous Continuous Combined Continuous Continuous Continuous 86% Figure A-1. Airport APM systems characteristics #1.

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AIRPORT APM SYSTTEM IDs 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 2 12 13 14 Guideway Length (miles) and No. of Stations 12 10 8 6 1.62 miles 1.87 miles 0.55 miles 6.30 miles 2.17 miles Data missing 3.36 miles 0.21 miles 0.72 miles 7.00 miles 0.50 miles 5.42 miles 0.92 miles 1.88 miles 4 16 stations 6 stations 8 stations 5 stations 4 stations 8 stations 4 stations 2 stations 3 stations 9 stations 4 stations 10 stations 3 stations 2 stations 2 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Giveaway Length (miles) No. of Stations Average Dwell Time (sec) 70 60 50 40 30 37 42 Data missing 44 30 45 to 60 Data missing 32 30 30 28 32 36 60 20 10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Propulsion System Supply Voltage and Current 14% 600VAC 22% 480VAC 600VAC 600VAC 480VAC 750VDC 600VAC 600VAC 600VAC 480VAC 600VAC 600VAC 480VAC 750VDC 600VAC 600VAC 64% 750VAC Vehicle Conveyance and Track Running Equipment Rubber tire on 7% concrete 14% Rubber tire on Rubber tire Rubber tire Rubber tire Rubber tire Rubber tire Rubber tire Rubber tire Hovair over H Hovair over Rubber tire Steel wheel Rubber tire Rubber tire Rubber tire 43% steel on concrete; on concrete; on steel; on steel; on concrete; on steel; on concrete; concrete; concrete; on concrete; on steel rail; on concrete; on steel; on steel; Hovair over onboard onboard onboard onboard onboard onboard onboard wayside w wayside onboard wayside onboard wayside wayside concrete motor(s) motor(s) motor(s) motor(s) motor(s) motor(s) motor(s) motor(s) m motor(s) motor(s) motor(s) motor(s) motor(s) motor(s) 36% Steel wheel on steel rail Figure A-2. Airport APM systems characteristics #2.

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AIRPORT APM SYSTEM IDs 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 2 13 14 Operating Fleet Configuration 7% 43% Entrained Singles Mixed Singles Entrained Entrained Singles Entrained Entrained Entrained Singles Entrained Singles Singles Singles 50% Mixed Total Fleet 40 30 20 16 22 6 15 31 18 12 4 4 38 4 32 2 1 10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Daily Hours of Operation 14% 24 hours per day 22% 17 to 19 hours per Data Data day 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 17 to 19 17 to 19 24 24 17 to 19 missing missing 64% data missing PeakHeadway (sec) 800 700 600 500 400 90 180 30 310 20 45 to 60 Data missing 114 210 150 213 149 240 670 300 200 100 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Figure A-3. Airport APM systems characteristics #3.

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AIRPORT APM SYSTEM IDs 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Vehicle Capacity (no. of passengers per vehicle) 160 140 120 100 80 100 92 17 57 to 85 96 78 100 60 to 97 218 40 47 to 67 69 to 99 150 100 60 40 20 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Line Capacity (pphpd) 8,000 7,000 6,000 5,000 4,000 5,600 7,452 680 2,962 7,000 1,560 Data missing 7,578 3,737 3,600 3,177 6,624 2,250 537 3,000 2,000 1,000 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Annual Fleet Miles (2007) 2,000,000 1,500,000 1,000,000 992,000 717,087 146,000 1,152,913 1,633,415 Data missing Data missing 93,888 301,148 1,500,000 98,184 3,031,245 185,310 28,828 500,000 - 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Figure A-4. Airport APM systems characteristics #4.