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December 2011 TRANSIT COOPERATIVE RESEARCH PROGRAM Sponsored by the Federal Transit Administration Responsible Senior Program Officer: Gwen Chisholm-Smith Research Results Digest 103 International Transit Studies Program Report on the Spring 2011 Mission SUSTAINABLE PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION: ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY MOBILITY This TCRP digest summarizes the results of mission performed from April 1 through April 16, 2011, under TCRP Project J-03, "International Transit Studies Program." This digest includes transportation information on the organizations and facilities visited. It was prepared by Harrington-Hughes & Associates, Inc., and is based on reports filed by the mission participants. INTERNATIONAL TRANSIT the opportunity for them to visit and study STUDIES PROGRAM exemplary transit operations outside the United States. The International Transit Studies Pro- gram (ITSP) is a part of the Transit Cooper- Two ITSP study missions are conducted ative Research Program (TCRP), authorized each year, usually in the spring and fall, and by the Intermodal Surface Transportation are composed of up to 17 participants, in- Efficiency Act of 1991 and reauthorized, in cluding a senior official designated as the 2005, by the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, group spokesperson, a representative of Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A the FTA, and a mission coordinator. Transit Legacy for Users. TCRP is managed by the organizations across the nation are contacted C O N T E N T S Transportation Research Board (TRB) of directly and asked to nominate candidates International Transit Studies Program, 1 the National Academies and is funded an- for participation in the program. Nominees About this Digest, 2 nually by a grant from the FTA. ITSP is are screened by committee, and the TCRP managed by Harrington-Hughes & Associ- Project J-03 Oversight Panel endorses all Introduction, 2 ates, Inc., under a contract with the National selections. Members are appointed to the Overview, 4 Academies. study team based on their depth of knowl- Public Policy Framework, 5 The TCRP has sponsored the ITSP since edge and experience in transit operations, as Sustainable Public Transit 1994. The primary purpose of the program well as for their demonstrated advancement Systems, 6 is to broaden the professional development potential to executive levels of the public Alternative Fuel and Vehicle Technologies, 14 of U.S. transit managers by providing them transportation industry. Participation on a Planning and Outreach, 15 with opportunities to visit transit systems mission team is designed to complement and abroad; the managers return with insights enhance professional development, helping Successful Practices, 16 and knowledge useful to their organiza- to produce managers and leaders capable of Lessons Learned, 17 tions, the transit industry, and their own dealing with a variety of problems inherent Challenges, 18 transit careers. ITSP carries out its mandate in managing transit activities in a complex Appendix A--Study Mission by offering transportation professionals environment. Travel expenses for ITSP par- Team Members, 18 practical insight into global public trans- ticipants are underwritten by TCRP Project Appendix B--Study Mission Host Organizations, 19 portation operations. The program affords J-03 funding.