Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.
Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.
OCR for page 75
75 BIBLIOGRAPHY Allan, D. and J. Volinski, Cops, Cameras, and Enclosures: A Bonfanti, G. and T. Wagenknecht, "Human Factors Reduce Synthesis of Effectiveness of Methods to Provide Enhanced Aggression and Fare Evasion," PTI, Jan./Feb. 2010, Security for Bus Operators, Report No. 392-12, National pp. 2832. Center for Transit Research, CUTR, University of South Boyd, A., P. Maier, and J. Caton, Transit Security Handbook, Florida, Tampa, May 31, 2001. Federal Transit Administration, Washington, D.C., 1998. Amalgamated Transit Union, We Can Get There from Here: Broadstock, M., "What Is the Safety of `Pepper Spray' Use ATU Reauthorization Proposal, Amalgamated Transit by Law Enforcement or Mental Health Service Staff?" Union, Washington, D.C., Jan., 2009. NZHTA Tech Brief Series 2002, Vol. 1, No. 2 [Online]. American Public Transit Association (APTA), Technical Available: http://nzhta.chmeds.ac.nz/pepper_spray.pdf. Recommended Practice for the Selection of Cameras, "BRT Center," Metro Magazine [Online]. Available: www. Digital Recording Systems, and Digital High-Speed Net- metro-magazine.com/t_brt_home.cfm. Bruyere, D. and J.M. Gillet, National Operator Assault Sur- works and Train-lines for Use in Transit-Related CCTV vey Results, 2005, A.T.U. Transit Operators, Mississauga, Systems, APTA IT-RP-001-08 V3, APTA. Washington, Ontario, Canada, 2005. D.C., 2008. Bureau of Labor Statistics, "Survey of Workplace Violence American Public Transportation Association (APTA), Recom- Prevention, 2005," News Release, Bureau of Labor Sta- mended Practice for Transit Bus Operator Training, APTA tistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Washington, D.C., BTS-BO-RP-001-07, APTA, Washington, D.C., updated Oct. 27, 2006. June 2009. Bus Operator Selection Survey Manual, Report FTA-DC-20- American Public Transportation Association (APTA), Rec- 2043-96-01, American Public Transportation Association ommended Practice: Recruiting and Retaining Bus Oper- and Federal Transit Association, Washington, D.C., 1996. ations Employees, APTA BTS-BO-RP-003-09, APTA, Bus Rapid Transit: A Canadian Industry Perspective, Washington, D.C., Dec. 2009. McCormick Rankin Corporation for the Canadian Urban American Public Transit Association (APTA), Draft Recom- Transit Association, Toronto, 2004 [Online]. Available: mended Practice for Video Content Analytics (VCA) www.cutaactu.ca/en/node/1630. Recommended Practice for Transit Applications, VCA "Bus Rapid Transit," Federal Transit Administration, Wash- Recommended Practice Working document, APTA, ington, D.C. [Online]. Available: www.fta.dot.gov/brt. Washington, D.C., Mar. 2010. Bus Transit Safety and Security Website Resource Library American Public Transportation Association (APTA), Survey [Online]. Available: http://transit-safety.volpe.dot.gov/ of United States Transit System Security Needs and Fund- Security/TransitWatch/toolkit2006.asp. ing Priorities, Summary of Findings, APTA, Washington, "Cameras on Buses and Shuttles Can Reap Rewards," Parking D.C., 2004. Today, Bricepac, Inc., Vol. 7, No. 9. p. 16. Ashkroft, J., D. Daniels, and S. Hart, The Effectiveness and Campbell, G.K., Measures and Metrics in Corporate Secu- Safety of Pepper Spray, National Institute of Justice, U.S. rity, Senior Executive Council, 2006. Department of Justice, Washington, D.C., Apr., 2003. Casciari, D., "Bus CCTV Could Predict Assaults," BBC "Assaults on Bus Operators on the Rise," WMATA Press News, Sep. 24, 2009. Release, Feb. 14, 2008 [Online]. Available: http://www. Chan, T.C., et al., "Spray's Effects on a Suspect's Ability to wmata.com. Breathe," Research in Brief, National Institute of Justice, Washington, D.C., Dec. 2001. Assess Systems, STRADA Bus Operator Assessment Survey: Chandler, K.L., P.J. Sutherland, and H. Saporta, An Introduc- Development and Validation, Assess Systems, Dec. 2009. tion to All-Hazards Preparedness for Transit Agencies, Bacal, R., Defusing Hostile Customers Workbook, Institute Federal Transit Administration, Washington D.C., 2010. for Cooperative Communication, Manitoba, Canada, 1998. Clarke, R., S. Contre, and G. Petrossian, "Deterrence and Balog, J., et al., The Public Transportation System Security Fare Evasion: Results of a Natural Experiment," Security and Emergency Preparedness Planning Guide, Federal Journal, Macmillan Publishers Ltd., Vol. 23, No. 1, Transit Administration, Washington, D.C., 2003. pp. 517, 2010. Balog, J. and A. Schwarz, Transit Security Design Consider- Clarke, R., Ed., Mass Transit Crime. Crime Prevention ations, Federal Transit Administration, Washington, D.C., Series, Vol. 6, Criminal Justice Press, Monsey, N.Y., 1996. 2004. Conklin, J.E., Why Crime Rates Fell, Pearson Education, Banerjee, B., "The ABCs of TCO (Total Cost of Ownership): Inc., New York, N.Y., 2003. The True Costs of IP Video Surveillance," Video Technol- Conte, J.M., D.V. Day, and R. R. Jacobs, "Selecting Bus ogy and Applications, Feb. 2008. Operators: Multiple Predictors, Multiple Perspectives on Bodell, P., "Commentary: Are We Letting the Bad Guys Get Validity, and Multiple Estimates of Utility," Human Per- Away?" Video Technology and Applications, Feb. 2008. formance, Vol. 9, No. 3, 1996, pp. 199217.
OCR for page 76
76 Conte, S., Edmonton Transit Security Intelligence Model, Kelling, G. and C. Coles, Fixing Broken Windows: Restoring Sep. 18, 2009. Order and Reducing Crime in Our Communities, Free Press, Crisis Prevention Institute's Prepare Training Program New York, N.Y., 1998. Manual, 2005. Kelling, G. and J. Wilson, "Broken Windows," Atlantic Department of Homeland Security (DHS)/Transportation Monthly, Mar. 1982. Security Administration Transit Security Grant Program Kerkhoff, H., "How to Hire and Keep Good Employees," Guidelines, DHS [Online]. Available: http://www.tsa.gov/. Busline, Mar./Apr. 2000, pp. 4751. "DNA Kits Issued to All London Bus Operators as Special- Kerkhoff, H., "Motorcoach Operators Ready to Meet 21st Cen- ist Police Unit Is Set Up to Combat Attacks," TFL News tury Challenges, Opportunities," Busline, Jan./Feb. 2000, Centre Archive, May 23, 2008 [Online]. Available: www. pp. 2834. tfl.gov.uk. Kittlesen Associates, Inc., TCRP Report 118: Bus Rapid Tran- Duhart, D., Violence in the Workplace, 19931999, National sit Practitioner's Guide, Transportation Research Board of Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), Bureau of Justice the National Academies, Washington, D.C., 2007. Statistics Special Report, Washington, D.C., Dec. 2001. Levine, N. and M. Wachs, "Tracking Crime on Buses," TR Essenberg, B., Violence and Stress at Work in the Transport News, No. 127, Nov./Dec. 1986, pp. 1822. Sector, International Labor Office, Geneva, Switzerland, Manley, A., Security Manager's Guide to Disasters: Manag- 2003. ing Through Emergencies, Violence, and Other Workplace Federal Transit Administration (FTA), Public Transporta- Threats, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 2009. tion System Security and Emergency Preparedness Plan- MBTA Police and Northeastern University's Center for ning Guide, FTA, Washington, D.C., 2003. Criminal Justice Policy, MBTA Youth Study Final Report, Federal Transit Administration, Safety and Security Website Boston, 2000. [Online]. Available: http://transit-safety.fta.dot.gov/. McDonald, P.P., Managing Police Operations: Implement- Federal Transit Administration (FTA), Security and Emer- ing the NYPD Crime Control Model Using COMPSTAT, gency Management Technical Assistance for the Top 50 Wadsworth Publishing, New York, N.Y., 2001. Transit Agencies, Final Report, FTA, Washington, D.C., Moffat, G., A. Ashton, and D. Blackburn, TCRP Synthesis 40: 2007. A Challenged Employment System: Hiring, Training, Per- Federal Transit Administration (FTA)/Transportation Secu- formance Evaluation, and Retention of Bus Operators, rity Administration (TSA), Security and Emergency Man- Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, agement Action Items, FTA/TSA, Washington, D.C., 2006 Washington, D.C., 2001, 80 pp. [Online]. Available: http://www.tsa.gov/. Nakanishi, Y., TCRP Synthesis 80: Transit Security Update, Felson, M., et al., Redesigning Hell: Preventing Crime and Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Disorder at the Port Authority Bus Terminal [Online]. Washington, D.C., 2009, 149 pp. Available: http://www.popcenter.org/library/crimepreven National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), tion/volume_06/01_Felson.pdf. Frazier, E., Sr., Y. Nakanishi, and M.A. Lorimer, NCHRP Workplace Violence Prevention Strategies and Research Report 525, Security 101: A Physical Security Primer Needs, Publication No. 2006-144, NIOSH, U.S. Depart- for Transportation Agencies, Volume 14, Transportation ment of Health and Human Services, Washington, D.C., Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, Sep. 2006. D.C., 2009. Ned Levine & Associates, CrimeStat III, Version 3.0: A Spa- Gillet, J.M., P. Hunniford, and D. Bruyere, Assault Survey: tial Statistics Program for the Analysis of Crime Incident London Transit Operators, 2003. Locations, National Institute of Justice, Washington, D.C., Gomersall, C., "Challenges and Developments in `Intelligent 2004. Video Surveillance,' " ISC365.com, Feb. 2008. Nelson, K.R., Policing Mass Transit: Serving a Unique Com- Goodfellow, R., Lighting as a Situational Approach to Pre- munity, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington, D.C., venting Transit Crime, APTA Rail Transit Conference 1997. Proceedings, 2005. O'Neil, D. and Y. Nakanishi, "Survey and Analysis of Trans- "Is Enough Being Done to Stop the Assault on Bus Opera- portation Security Training Needs and Programs," TR News, tors?" Metro Magazine, Aug. 2009. Spring, 2005. Jenkins, B. and L.N. Gersten, Protecting Surface Transporta- Pilant, L., Less-Than-Lethal Weapons: New Solutions for tion Against Terrorism and Serious Crime: Continuing Law Enforcement, International Association of Chiefs of Research on Best Security Practices, Norman Y. Mineta Police, Alexandria, Va., 1993. International Institute for Surface Transportation Policy Safer Travel Unit, Lancaster, U.K. [Online]. Available: http:// Studies, San Jose, Calif., 2001. www.safertravelunit.co.uk/more_info.asp?current_id=53. Kaminski, R.J., S.M. Edwards, and J.W. Johnson, "Assessing Silverman, E., NYPD Battles Crime: Innovative Strategies in the Incapacitative Effects of Pepper Spray During Resistive Policing, Northeastern University Press, Boston, 2001. Encounters With Police," Policing: An International Jour- Smiderle, D., B. Perry, and S. Cronshaw, "Evaluation of Video- nal of Police Strategies and Management, Vol. 22, No. 1, Based Assessment in Transit Operator Selection," Journal of 1999, pp. 729. Business and Psychology, Vol. 9, No. 1, Fall 1994.
OCR for page 77
77 Smith, M.J. and D.B. Cornish, Eds., Theory for Practice in Sit- portation Research Board, National Research Council, uational Crime Prevention, Vol. 16, Crime Prevention Stud- Washington, D.C., May, 1997. ies Series, Criminal Justice Press, Boulder, Colo., 2003. TCRP Web Document 18: Developing Useful Transit-Related Stern, R., TCRP Synthesis 26: Bus Transit Fare Collection Crime and Incident Data, Transportation Research Board Practices, Transportation Research Board, National of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., Apr. 2000. Research Council, Washington, D.C., 1997. TCRP Research Results Digest 58: Safety and Security Issues TCRP Project J-3: International Transit Studies Program. at All-Bus Systems in Small- to Medium-Sized Cities in Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Western Europe, International Transit Studies Program, Washington, D.C., June 2003. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, TCRP Report 86, Volume 1: Communication of Threats: A Washington, D.C., 2003. Guide, Transportation Research Board of the National Thomas, L., Legal Research Digest 20: Transit Passengers Academies, Washington, D.C., 2002. and Civil Rights, Transportation Research Board of the TCRP Report 86, Volume 2: K9 Units in Public Transporta- National Academies, Washington, D.C., June 2005, 67 pp. tion: A Guide for Decision Makers, Transportation Research Thompson, G.J. and J. Jenkins, Verbal Judo: The Gentle Art Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., 2002. of Persuasion, Quill, New York, N.Y., 2004. TCRP Report 86, Volume 5: Security-Related Customer Toronto Transit Commission (TTC), TTC Assault Prevention Communications and Training for Public Transportation and Support Programs, TTC, 2009 [Online]. Available: http://www.ttc.ca/posting/gso-comopt/documents/report/ Providers, Transportation Research Board of the National f3831/OpeatorAssault.pdf. Academies, Washington, D.C., 2004. Transportation Security Administration, Mass Transit Annex TCRP Report 86, Volume 7: Public Transportation Emer- to Transportation Systems Sector Security Plan [Online]. gency Mobilization and Emergency Operations Guide, Available: http://www.tsa.gov/. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Transportation Security Administration, Guidance on Back- Washington, D.C., 2005. ground Checks, Redress and Immigration Status, TSA, 2007 TCRP Report 86, Volume 9: Guidelines for Transportation [Online]. Available: http://www.tsa.gov/. Emergency Training Exercises, Transportation Research Trevino, J.A., Houston METRO, Police Study on Less than Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., 2006. Lethal Options for Bus Operators. TCRP Report 86, Volume 10: Hazard and Security Plan Work- Volinski, J., TCRP Synthesis 33: Practices in Assuring shop: Instructor Guide, Transportation Research Board of Employee Availability, Transportation Research Board, the National Academies, Washington, D.C., 2006. National Research Council, Washington, D.C., 1999, TCRP Report 86, Volume 13: Public Transportation Passen- 75 pp. ger Security Inspections: A Guide for Policy Decision Waite, J., Legal Research Digest 22: The Case for Searches Makers, Transportation Research Board of the National on Public Transportation, Transportation Research Board Academies, Washington, D.C., 2007. of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., 2005, TCRP Report 90: Bus Rapid Transit, Volume 1: Case Stud- 79 pp. ies in Bus Rapid Transit, Transportation Research Board Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA), of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., 2003. Metro's Transit Police Crime Statistics and Significant TCRP Report 90: Bus Rapid Transit, Volume 2: Implemen- Facts, WMATA, Mar. 26, 2009 [Online]. Available: http:// tation Guidelines, Transportation Research Board of the www.wmata.com/about_metro/board_of_directors/board_ National Academies, Washington, D.C., 2004. docs/032609_MTPD.pdf. TCRP Web Document 15: Guidelines for the Effective Use of Workplace Violence: Issues in Response, FBI Academy, Uniformed Transit Police and Security Personnel, Trans- U.S. Department of Justice, Quantico, Va., Feb. 2001.