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General Station Access Guidelines 57 to stations. Access for these users should be prioritized above other auto access, as they provide more boardings per vehicle storage area. Likewise, dial-a-ride or paratransit service connects mobility-impaired riders to the rapid transit service. Connections for these vehicles must be ADA-accessible. Lastly, design considerations should emphasize flexibility where needed. Design guidelines are often intended for areas with few space limitations. However, many transit stations are con- fined by existing infrastructure and development, and it may be appropriate to allow design exceptions that result in considerably improved overall station access. Overview of Options Station access improvements are usually provided on the approaches to stations, in the areas adjacent to stations, and between the station entrances and station platforms. Exhibit 6-1 shows some improvement opportunities pertaining to areas on station approaches and adjacent to stations. Opportunities at the immediate approaches to the station are identified under "Approach," and those in the larger station area under "Environs." Subsequent chapters provide additional detail for each access mode. Exhibit 6-1. Station access improvement opportunities by access mode. Type of Improvement Approach Environs 1. Pedestrians and Bicyclists 1-1. Provide paved sidewalks at least 5 feet wide 1-2. Remove sidewalk clutter near station entrances 1-3. Provide station entrances through the buildings 1-4. Build pedestrian overpasses and/or underpasses 1-5. Provide weather-protected connections to adjacent land use 1-6. Install traffic signals at busy junctions 1-7. Improve night visibility 1-8. Install intersection safety improvements (e.g., crosswalks) 1-9. Install wayfinding on approaches to station 1-10. Install bicycle lanes 1-11. Provide bicycle paths 1-12. Provide secure bicycle storage at stations 2. Bus 2-1. Provide free or low-cost transfers 2-2. Provide bus transfer opportunities in enclosed areas 2-3. Improve service frequencies 2-4. Establish limited-stop bus service 2-5. Establish new bus routes to serve station 2-6. Reroute existing bus routes to serve station 2-7. Locate bus stops near station entrance 2-8. Break bus routes to better serve station 2-9. Separate station bus access from automobile access 2-10. Establish off-street bus terminal 2-11. Provide off-vehicle fare collection at station 2-12. Provide additional lane for bus stops on cross street at station 2-13. Prohibit rush period parking along bus route 2-14. Install transit signal priority at signalized intersections 2-15. Install curb or interior bus lanes 2-16. Install bus bays or bus bulbs along approach roads 2-17. Build "bus bridge" over freeway with rapid transit in median 2-18. Provide bus storage area (continued on next page)