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Muench, S., Greenroads v1.0 Rating System, University Symons, M., "Sealing and Filling Cracks in Asphalt of Washington, Seattle, 2010. Pavements," Tech Brief FHWA-RD-99-176, Federal National Highway Institute (NHI), Pavement Preserva- Highway Administration, Washington, D.C., Nov. tion Treatment Construction Guide, Chapter 8-- 1999, 4 pp. Microsurfacing, Federal Highway Administration, Takamura, K., K.P. Lok, and R. Wittlingerb, Microsurfac- Washington, D.C., 2007. [Online]. Available: http:// ing for Preventive Maintenance: Eco-Efficient Strat- fhwapap34.fhwa.dot.gov/NHI-PPTCG/chapter_8/ egy, International Slurry Seal Association Annual unit3.htm [accessed Apr. 2010]. Meeting, Maui, Hawaii, 2001, p. 5. New York State Department of Transportation Tighe, S., N. Hanasoge, B. Eyers, R. Essex, and S. Damp, (NYSDOT), GreenLITES Project Design Certificate "Who Thought Recycled Asphalt Shingles (RAS) Program, NYSDOT, Albany, 2009. Needed to Be Landfilled: Why Not Build a Road?" Nutter, M.M.A., Greenworks Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Transportation Association of Canada Conference Pa., 2009. Proceedings, Toronto, ON, Sep. 2008. Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT), Oregon Transportation Association of Canada (TAC), Green Department of Transportation Sustainability Plan, Guide for Roads, TAC, Ottawa, ON [Online]. Avail- ODOT, Salem, Mar. 2004. able: www.tac-atc.ca/english/projects/greenguide.cfm Pennsylvania State Conservation Commission (PSSC), [accessed Mar. 3, 2010]. Transit New Zealand (TNZ), Chipsealing in New Zealand, Overview of Pennsylvania's Dirt & Gravel Road Road Controlling Authorities and Roading New Maintenance Program, Center for Dirt and Gravel Zealand, TNZ, Wellington, 2005, 214 pp. Road Studies, University Park, 2010. United States Green Building Council (USGBC), Green Peshkin, D.G. and T.E. Hoerner, Pavement Preservation: Building by the Numbers, USGBC, Atlanta, Ga., 2010 Practices, Research Plans, and Initiatives, Trans- [Online]. Available: http://usgbc.org/ShowFile/aspx? portation Research Board of the National Academies, DocumentID=3340. Washington, D.C., May 2005. Wang, Z., Y. Tsai, and E. Pitts, Pavement Preservation: Pidwerbesky, B. and J. Waters, "Sustainable Innovative Pay Now or Pay Big Later, Compendium of Papers Surfacing Treatments for Low Volume Roads," Trans- from the First International Conference on Pavement portation Research Record: Journal of the Trans- Preservation, Newport Beach, Calif., Apr. 2010, portation Research Board, No. 1989, Transportation pp. 85102. Research Board, National Research Council, Wash- Waters, J., "Retexturing Polished Surfaces Using the ington, D.C., 2007, pp. 173180. Watercutting Process," In Fulton Hogan Ultra-High Pittenger, D.M., Life Cycle Cost-Based Pavement Preser- Pressure Watercutter (CD-ROM), Fulton Hogan, Ltd., vation Treatment Design, Master's thesis, University Christchurch, New Zealand, 2004. of Oklahoma, Norman, May 2010, p. 67. Waters, J., Long-Term Dust Suppression Using the Otta Ramani, T., J. Zietsman, W. Eisele, E. Rosa, D. Spillane, Seal Technique, New Zealand Transport Agency and B. Bochner, Developing Sustainable Transporta- Research Report 368, NZTA, Wellington, 2009. tion Performance Measures for TXDOT's Strategic Plan: Technical Report, Texas Department of Trans- portation, Austin, Apr. 2009. GLOSSARY OF ACRONYMS AND TERMS Scholz, T.V., Preliminary Investigation of RAP and RAS Asphalt level-up--A surface course composed in HMAC, Oregon Department of Transportation, of a compacted mixture of mineral aggregate and Salem, Feb. 2010. asphaltic material constructed on the previously com- Smith, K.L. and A.R. Romine, Material and Procedures pleted existing wearing surface, or in the case of a for Sealing and Filling Cracks in Asphalt-Surfaced bridge, on the prepared slab. Its purpose is to raise Pavements Manual of Practice, Federal Highway the final elevation of an existing pavement to match Administration, Washington, D.C., 1999. an adjacent pavement. Smith, J. and S. Tighe, "Recycled Concrete Aggregate Coefficient of Thermal Expansion: Characterization, Chip seal--A pavement surface treatment that Variability, and Impacts on Pavement Performance," combines a layer of asphalt with a layer of fine Transportation Research Record: Journal of the aggregate. Transportation Research Board, No. 2113, Trans- Cold patches--Pothole and other pavement portation Research Board of the National Academies, defect repair made with cold-mix asphalt. Washington, D.C., 2009, pp. 5361. Corrective maintenance--Maintenance per- Stephanos, P., Focus: Strategic, Safe, and Sustainable: formed once a deficiency occurs in the pavement; Today's Vision for Pavements, Federal Highway that is, loss of friction, moderate to severe rutting, Administration, Washington, D.C., Dec. 2009. extensive cracking or raveling. 25