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January 2012 NATIONAL COOPERATIVE HIGHWAY RESEARCH PROGRAM Responsible Senior Program Officer: Gwen Chisholm-Smith Research Results Digest 359 MODELS TO SUPPORT STATE-OWNED PARK AND RIDE LOTS AND INTERMODAL FACILITIES This digest presents the results of NCHRP Project 20-65, Task 32, "Models to Support State-owned Park and Ride Lots and Intermodal Facilities." The research was conducted by ICF International, Fairfax, Virginia, with Valerie J. Southern-Transportation Consultant, LLC (VJS-TC), Fairfax, Virginia, serving as a subconsultant. Valerie Southern and Gary Norris of VJS-TC were the Principal Investigators and authors of this digest. SUMMARY local periodicals, publications, and articles. Public agency websites were also reviewed. This digest addresses the needs and The search resulted in the collection of issues associated with state park and ride/ 84 documents. The key findings from the intermodal commuter facilities and pro- literature are: grams. It identifies deficiencies, best prac- tices, and promising innovations. Research There is limited information on the was conducted over an 8-month period and administrative, operational, manage- C O N T E N T S involved interviews with a small but rep- ment, and legal processes involved in SUMMARY, 1 resentative sample of managers responsible the maintenance, care, development, Key Findings from the Literature Search, 1 for administering these programs. and financing of park and ride/inter- Key Findings from the Program This digest has four chapters, organized modal commuter facilities. Surveys, 2 Best Practices of Surveyed as follows: One notable management practice is Programs, 2 Conclusions, 3 Chapter 1: Program SurveysA syn- the use of leasing agreements that Suggested Research, 3 thesis of each of the surveyed programs. eliminate or lessen the cost of land 1 PROGRAM SURVEYS, 3 Chapter 2: Key Findings and Best acquisition and facility maintenance. 1.A State Department of Transportation (DOT) PracticesAn analytical assessment and One less documented but emerging Programs, 3 identification of best practices. area of research describes "smart 1.B Public Authority and District Programs, 14 Chapter 3: ConclusionsResearcher card" and "smart park" technologies, 2 KEY FINDINGS AND BEST suggestions for managers challenged by the such as real-time parking informa- PRACTICES, 20 demands for and the costs of public park and tion systems. These technologies are 2.A Findings from the Literature Search, 20 ride/intermodal commuter facilities. either in place or being tested. 2.B Findings from the Program Surveys, 21 Chapter 4: Suggested ResearchA short Another emerging area examines 2.C Best Practices, 24 list of suggested topics for additional study. alternative financing for public trans- 3 CONCLUSIONS, 31 portation services, including the lever- 3.A Surveyed Program Needs, 32 aging of public funds, private capital, 3.B Management Model Suggestions, 32 Key Findings from or both to maintain and modernize 3.C Funding Sources and the Literature Search Innovative Financing public infrastructure. There is limited Techniques, 36 A literature search was conducted from documentation on how this may apply 4 SUGGESTED RESEARCH, 42 June to July 2010. It involved online review to park and ride/intermodal commuter BIBLIOGRAPHY, 43 of international, national, state, regional, and facilities.