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SECTION 3 How Can Alternative Jet Fuels Be Integrated into the Airport Setting? 3.1 Introduction to Evaluation Framework This section describes a framework for evaluating options to integrate alternative jet fuels into the airport setting. Given that this is a new and developing field, it is likely that many readers will not be as familiar with these kinds of projects and technologies as they are with other common proj- ects at airports. Thus, it is possible that outside experts may have to be engaged to help with parts or the entire framework presented here. Ideally, as the field of alternative jet fuel expands and matures, these projects will become more commonplace and less outside help will be required. Following are a set of questions to help readers assess their understanding and comfort with the different elements that need to be considered when evaluating alternative jet fuel projects. Answers to these questions provide a means to identify the areas where internal capabilities are sufficient and those where internal capabilities need to be developed or outside expertise may be recommended. The assessment questions can be classified in six categories: 1. Alternative jet fuel type: What feedstock and processing technologies can be implemented at my airport? 2. Safety: Has the alternative jet fuel been certified for use in aircraft and with existing jet fuel infrastructure? 3. Environmental goals: How can the environmental characteristics of the alternative jet fuel be used to help achieve my environmental goals? 4. Logistics: How will the alternative jet fuel be delivered to the airport at minimal to no incremen- tal cost? How is the need to provide additional facilities (e.g., storage, blending) being minimized? 5. Business case: How can state, federal, and private-sector programs be harvested to evaluate project merits and cost? 6. Overall evaluation: Do I have satisfactory answers to the previous questions? After completing the assessment questions, the reader should evaluate which areas have enough in-house capabilities and which areas would benefit from outside consultation. Once the reader is satisfied that enough expertise is available, the next step is to follow the alternative jet fuel evaluation framework described in the next section. Even if not enough in-house expertise is available, the material in this handbook should provide enough background information to enable the reader to intelligently evaluate the support from outside experts. 3.2 Alternative Jet Fuel Projects Evaluation Framework The alternative jet fuel projects evaluation framework consists of three steps: (1) understand- ing who the stakeholders are (Section 3.3), (2) formulating the options and performing an ini- tial screening (Section 3.4), and (3) conducting a comparative evaluation (Section 3.5). Figure 3 illustrates the framework's steps. 25