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24 As a part of the COM agreement, the contractor had Table 6. AirTrain JFK Proposer Consortiums to assemble and provide an Operating Rule Book, Stan- dard Operating Procedures Manual, Training Pro- Consortium Consortium Members grams, System Maintenance Plan, Preventative Main- Name tenance Schedule, Plan for Unscheduled Corrective AirRail Bombardier, Koch, Perini, Slat- Maintenance, Integrated Materials Procurement, and Transit Consor- tery-Skanska, STV Inventory Control Program. Additionally, for each ele- tium ment of the system, the contractor had to provide an JFK Link Fluor Daniel, GEC Alsthom, operations instruction manual, repair and maintenance Morse Diesel manual, workshop manual, illustrated parts catalog, JFK Express Parsons, Siemens, Matra, Schia- diagnostic test equipment manual, and special tools Transit (JET) vone, Defoe, Halmar manual. Raytheon- Raytheon (Civil Infrastructure) The contractor also ensured that all necessary tools Ansaldo and Ansaldo (Trains) and equipment needed for operations O&M of the sys- Sky Rail Sys- Yonkers, Granite, Turner, ICF- tem were available in addition to a capital asset re- tems Kaiser, ABB Daimler-Benz placement program, computer-based facilities manage- ment system, and safety and security program. At the conclusion of the COM period, the contractor had to The Port Authority reviewed the initial proposals train all personnel tasked with assuming the O&M of and directed the consortiums to submit revised propos- the AirTrain. Absent from the contract documents, als at lower prices. After reviewing the second propos- however, are general condition provisions for the facil- als, the Port Authority's Selection Committee short- ity upon the termination of the O&M period. The con- listed two consortiums, JFK Link and ARTC, and ulti- tract does not specifically stipulate terms for the trans- mately selected ARTC. In an effort to further reduce the fer of the AirTrain from ARTC to the Port Authority design and construction prices submitted, the Port Au- regarding the physical state of the tracks, facilities, and thority discussed risk-allocation issues with ARTC. rail cars. Upon conclusion of these discussions, the Port Author- ity agreed to establish a $129 million contingency fund Operations Performance Requirements to alleviate contingency pricing associated with 1) traf- fic management during construction of the elevated The system had to accommodate the estimated base- track along a 2-mi stretch of the Van Wyck Expressway; line ridership plus 10 percent more than the estimates 2) hazardous materials encountered during construc- provided in the RFP. The goal for the system was to tion; 3) work days lost due to any labor disruptions dur- ultimately accommodate 110 percent of the estimated ing the construction period (union wage/conditions con- ridership for the year 2023. The Technical Provisions tracts would expire during the scheduled contract stipulated that the Central Control Facility be able to period); and 4) unanticipated subsurface or geotechnical accommodate up to two additional on-airport stations conditions. Any justified costs associated with, in par- and a 20 percent increase in track capacity without de- ticular, items 1, 2, and 4, would be paid on a reimburs- stroying the basic system structure nor interrupting able basis up to the $129 million ceiling. If costs were regular daytime service (6:00 a.m. to 11:00 p.m.). kept below this ceiling, then the Authority would retain The train must operate 24 hours a day, 365 days a 60 percent of the savings while ARTC would receive 40 year. In times of degraded service, the provisions state, percent. Table 7 shows the final contract amount (ex- the system must have the ability to operate at 70 per- cluding the contingency fund). cent capacity with no longer than twice the allowable headway at no more than 40 minutes delay for any pas- Table 7. AirTrain JFK Contract Award Amounts senger using the AirTrain service. The system availability requirements were measured using three performance factors: on-time performance, Contract Phase Award Amount fleet availability, and station availability. The Port Au- (millions) thority took the three service availability measure- Early Action (Cut and 99 ments and calculated their weighted average, or Route Cover Tunnels) Daily Availability measurement, for the day. The con- DB 930 tractor is responsible for providing the data to the Port O & M (5 years) 105 Authority to monitor system performance. Total 1,134 Project Performance Prior to the JFK AirTrain project, PFC had only been used for terminal improvement projects or runway Procurement Issues expansions. No precedent existed for using the PFC to The Port Authority received proposals from five dif- improve access to JFK airport. In addition to requiring ferent consortiums. Table 6 shows the proposer consor- approval through the Uniform Land Use Review Proce- tiums and member companies. dure, the Port Authority needed funding approval from the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) because the