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APPENDIX A Bibliography Bluewater Network. "Air Pollution from Passenger Ferries in New York Harbor." Bluewater Network (July 2003), pp. 119. Boesel, J. and J. J. Corbett. "Passenger Ferries, Air Quality, and Greenhouse Gases: Can System Expansion Result in Fewer Emissions in the San Francisco Bay Area?" Transportation Research Board 82nd Annual Meeting, Washington, DC (2003). British Columbia Ferries, "200708 Business Plan." British Columbia Ferries (2008), pp. 137. California Air Resources Board. "1996 Estimated Annual Average Emissions: San Francisco Bay Area Basin." http://www.arb.ca.gov/emisinv/eib.htm; http://www.arb.ca.gov/emisinv/maps/basins/absfmap.htm; and http://www.arb.ca.gov/app/emsinv/emssumcat_query.php. (As of November 2000). California Air Resources Board. "State of California Air Resources Board Meeting, November 15, 1978." In California Air Resources Board, Sacramento, CA (1978). California Air Resources Board. "State of California Air Resources Board Meeting, October 26, 1978." In California Air Resources Board, San Francisco, CA (1978). CALSTART. Passenger Ferries, Air Quality and Greenhouse Gases: Can System Expansion Result in Fewer Emissions in the San Francisco Bay Area? Gas Technology Institute, Brookhaven National Laboratory--Department of Energy, Department of Transportation Center for Climate Change and Environmental Forecasting (July 2002). Cambridge Systematics, Inc. "Long Term Ferry Finance Study. Part I ReportFinancial Background and Sum- mary of Previous Studies." Washington State Transportation Commission (February 2008), pp. 22 to 216. Centre for the Analysis and Dissemination of Demonstrated Energy Technologies and N.N. Team. "The World's First LNG-Powered Ferry Goes into Operation in Norway." Centre for the Analysis and Dissemination of Demonstrated Energy Technologies, Stockholm, Sweden (2000), pp. 2. City of Alameda. "Memorandum: Hold a Public Hearing on the Proposed Fare Increase for the Alameda/Oakland Ferry Service, Authorize the City Manager to Execute a One-Year Extension of the Blue & Gold Fleet Operating Agreement with the Alameda/Oakland Ferry Service, Adopt Associated Budgets, and Approve the Proposed Fare Increases for the Alameda/Oakland Ferry Service." (June 2007), pp. 122. City of Alameda. "Memorandum: Hold a Public Hearing on the Proposed Implementation of a Fuel Surcharge for the Alameda Harbor Bay Ferry, Authorize the City Manager to Execute a One-Year Extension of the har- bor Bay maritime Ferry Operating Agreement with the Alameda Harbor Bay Ferry and to Execute an Amendment to the Agreement to Extend the Term for One Additional year, Adopt Associated Budgets, Approve Fiscal Year 20072008 Budget Adjustment and measure B Allocation, and Approve the Proposed Fuel Surcharge for the Alameda Harbor Bay Ferry." (June 2008), pp. 115. Cooper, D. A. "Exhaust Emissions from High Speed Passenger Ferries." Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 35, No. 24 (2001), pp. 4,1894,200. Cooper, D. A. and K. Andreasson. "Predictive NOx Emission Monitoring On Board a Passenger Ferry." Atmos- pheric Environment, Vol. 33, No. 28 (1999), p. 4,637. Cooper, D. and K. Peterson. "Emission Measurements from a Urea-Based SCR/OXI Catalytic NOx/HC Exhaust Gas Treatment System Onboard a Diesel Powered Passenger Ferry--Operation After 12,000 Hours Service." Swedish Environmental Research Institute (IVL), Gothenburg, Sweden (2005). Cooper, D. A., K. Peterson, and D. Simpson. "Hydrocarbon, PAH and PCB Emissions from Ferries: A Case Study in the Skagerak-Kattegatt-Oresund Region." Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 30, No. 14 (1996), pp. 2,4632,473. Corbett, J. J. "Vessel Operator Engine Emissions Measurement Guide." United States Maritime Administration, Washington, DC (2002), p. 45. Corbett, J. J. and A. Farrell. "Environmental Challenges for Ferry Expansion." Marine News (June 26, 2000) pp. 3033. 138

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Appendix A 139 Corbett, J. J. and A. Farrell. "Mitigating Air Pollution Emissions From Ferries." Transportation Research D: Energy and Environment, Vol. 7, No. 3 (2002), pp. 197211. Corbett, J. J., J. J. Winebrake, and P. Woods. "An Evaluation of Public-Private Incentives to Reduce Emissions from Regional Ferries: Synthesis Report." Rutgers, State University of New Jersey and University of Delaware, New Brunswick, NJ (2005), p. 15. Dames & Moore. "Ferry Boat Estimated Emissions in Comparison to Motor Vehicles." Cited in Sweeney SNAME report on ferries (1999). East, R. S. and E. Armstrong. "Intermodal Ferry Terminal Master Plans for Washington State Ferries: Plan- ning for the Future." Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Board, No. 1677 (1999), pp. 105116. Einang, P. M. "Natural Gas as a Ferry Fuel." In GASTECH 96: 17th International LNG/LPG/Natural Gas Confer- ence & Exhibition, Vienna, Austria, London RAI (1996). Environmental Engineering Division, Volpe National Transportation Systems Center. "Access for Persons with Disabilities to Passenger Vessels and Shore Facilities: The Impact of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990." Office of the Secretary of Transportation, Office of Environment, Energy and Safety (July 1996), pp. 167. Environmental Protection Agency, "Regulatory Announcement: EPA Finalizes More Stringent Emissions Standards for Locomotives and Marine Compression-ignition Engines." Office of Transportation and Air Quality (March 2008). Farrell, A. and J. Corbett. "Meeting Environmental Challenges for Ferries." TR News, No. 209, (2000) pp. 1928. Farrell, A. and J. J. Corbett. "Needed: A Clear Vision of Ferries' Future." Journal of Commerce, Vol. 421, No. 29, 534 (1999). Farrell, A. and M. Glick. "Natural Gas as a Marine Propulsion Fuel: Energy and Environmental Benefits in Urban Ferry Service." Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 1738, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies (2000), pp. 7785. Farrell, A., D. Keith, and J. J. Corbett. "Adaptive Management of Technological Change: Strategy for Introducing Hydrogen into Transportation." TRB 81st Annual Meeting, Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, (2002). Farrell, A., D. Redman, J. Corbett, and Winebrake, J. "Comparing Air Pollution from Ferry and Landside Commuting." Transportation Research D: Energy and Environment, Vol. 8, No. 5 (2003) pp. 343360. Farrell, A., J. J. Corbett, and J. J. Winebrake, "Controlling Air Pollution from Passenger Ferries: Cost Effectiveness of Seven Technological Options." Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, Vol. 52 (December 2002), pp. 1,3991,410. Firestone, J. and J. J. Corbett. "Coastal and Port Environments: International Legal and Policy Responses to Reduce Ballast Water Introductions of Potentially Invasive Species." Sustainable Development Law & Policy, Vol. 7, No. 1 (Fall 2006), pp. 4549. "Fresh Fuel." Marine Log (October 2008). pp. 1722. Gootman, E. "For Commuters, a Third Way to Manhattan." The New York Times (May 13, 2001), p. 3. Gorman, B. "Clearing the Fog About Ferries: National Study to Shed New Light." TR News, No. 209 (JulyAugust 2000), pp. 1218. Grant, A. J., M. J. Holden, B. Ludlow, and T. M. Thiele. "Washington State Ferries Wireless Connection Project." U.S. Department of Transportation (May 2005), pp. 149. Habib, P., A. Bloch, and R. Roess. Functional Designs of Ferry Systems. Final Report--Phase I. Maritime Admin- istration, U.S. Department of Transportation (July 1980), pp. 1145. Hallenbeck, M. "Ferry Systems Data, Scheduling and Billing: Scheduling Systems Analysis." Washington State Transportation Center (1987), pp. 137. Harrald, J. R., M. Grabowski, R. Van Dorp, and J. Merrick. "Assessing Risk in the Washington State Ferry System." In Contingency, Emergency, Crisis, and Disaster Management: Defining the Agenda for the Third Millennium Proceedings: Sixth Annual Conference of the Emergency Management Society, TIEMS' 99, Delft, Netherlands (1999), pp. 110. International, Inc. and Environment Canada. "NYC Private Ferry Fleet Emissions Reduction Technology Study and Demonstration, Final Report 06-15." Prepared for New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA), New York (2006), 543 p. International Maritime Organization. "Formal Safety Assessment." http://www.imo.org/TCD/mainframe.asp? topic_id=351. (As of February 25, 2009). Kgeson, P. and N. Associates. "Economic Instruments for Reducing Emissions from Sea Transport." Swedish NGO Secretariat on Acid Rain, The European Federation for Transport and Environment (T&E) and the European Environmental Bureau (EEB). Gteborg, Sweden and Brussels, Belgium (1999), p. 36. Kettleson & Associates, Inc., KFH Group, Inc., Parsons Brinkerhoff Quade & Douglass, Inc., and K. Hunter- Zaworski. "Part 6--Ferry Capacity." In TCRP Report 100: Transit Capacity and Quality of Service Manual, 2nd ed. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington DC (2003), pp. 6-1 to 6-25.

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140 Guidelines for Ferry Transportation Services Latorre, R. G. and P. D. Herrington. "Design of a 33-Knot Aluminum Catamaran Ferry." Marine Technology, Vol. 37, No. 2 (2000), pp. 8899. National Research Council and Committee on Ships' Ballast Operations. Stemming the Tide: Controlling Intro- ductions of Nonindigenous Species by Ships' Ballast Water. National Academies Press, Washington, DC (1996), 160 p. Norris, C. "Assessment of Ferries as Alternative to Land-Based Transportation: Executive Summary Volume I." The Office of Technical Assistance and Safety, Federal Transit Administration, U.S. Department of Trans- portation (May 1994), pp. 130. Norris, C., "Assessment of Ferries as Alternative to Land-Based Transportation: Phase 1: System Types and Surveys Volume II." The Office of Technical Assistance and Safety, Federal Transit Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation (May 1994), pp. 510. Northern Economics, Inc. "Passenger/Vehicle/Cabin Rate Study for the Alaska Marine Highway System." Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities/Alaska Marine Highway System (April 2008), pp. 112. Oestreich, H. H. and G. Whaley. "Transit Labor Relations Guide." Mineta Transportation Institute (September 2001), pp 59. Office of Transportation and Air Quality. "Regulatory Announcement: Emission Standards for New Commercial Marine Diesel Engines." U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (November 1999), pp. 12. Opinion Research Northwest. "2007 Ferry Customer Survey Focus Groups Summary Report." Washington State Transportation Commission (January 2008), pp. 160. Outwater, M., S. Castleberry, Y. Shiftan, M. Ben-Akiva, Y. Zhou, and A. Kuppam, "A Market Segmentation Approach to Mode Choice and Ferry Ridership Forecasting." Transportation Research Board 83rd Annual Meeting, Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC (2004), pp. 3242. Perardi, T., "Memorandum: Independent Analysis of the Bay Area Water Transit Authority's Implementation and Operations Plan." Bay Area Air Quality Management District, San Francisco, CA (2003), pp. 9. Perata, D. Senate Bill No. 428 in Government Code (1999). Pilsch, M. C. "The Impact of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 on the Waterborne Passenger Ves- sel Industry." Office of Technical Assistance and Safety, Federal Transit Administration (February 1993), pp. 159. Pilsch, M. C., A. L. Held, and D. Terkla. "Impact of a Ferry System Upon Its Communities." Urban Harbors Institute (May 1994), pp. 110. Roberto, E. "Bureau of Transportation Statistics: Special Report Highlights of the 2006 National Census of Ferry Operators." Research and Innovative Technology Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation (August 2008), pp. 14. San Francisco Bay Area Water Transit Authority. "A Strategy to Improve Public Transit with an Environmen- tally Friendly Ferry Service: Implementation and Operations Plan." (December 2002), pp. 165. Science Applications International Corporation. TCRP Report 86: Public Transportation Security--Volume 11: Security Measures for Ferry Systems. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washing- ton DC (2006), pp. 2527. Seaworthy Systems Inc., Northeast States for Coordinated Air Use Management, "NYC Private Ferry Fleet Emis- sions Reduction Technology Study and Demonstration--Final Report 06-15." New York State Energy Research and Development Authority, New York (2006), 543 p. Slater, R. E. "Assessment of the U.S. Marine Transportation System." Report to Congress (September 1999). pp. 1122. Special Report 294--The Role of Transit in Emergency Evacuation. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, DC (2008), pp. 2249. Swedish Port and Stevedores Association. "Differential Charging for Environmental Purposes." http://www. shsf.se/espodiff.htm. (As of March 1999). Sweeny, T. and P. Soumoy. "Effects of Enhanced Ferry Service on Golden Gate Corridor Transportation: From Dromedary to Camel, How MV Del Norte Inverted the Ferry Ridership Curve." 79th TRB Annual Meeting, Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC (2000). Ullberg, Cy. "Ferry Pricing Strategies Analysis." Washington State Transportation Center (November 1989), pp. 174. University of Washington Labor Relations. "Inland Boatmen's Union Contract." http://www.washington.edu/ admin/hr/laborrel/contracts/ibu/contract/index.html. (As of February 25, 2009). URS Corporation. "Draft Program Environmental Impact Report: Expansion of Ferry Transit Service in the San Francisco Bay Area." Water Transit Authority, San Francisco, CA (2003), pp. 501. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. "Limited Reevaluation Report and Environmental Assessment on Consolidated Implementation of the New York and New Jersey Harbor Deepening Project." United States Army Corps of Engineers, New York District, New York, NY (2003), pp. 44.

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Appendix A 141 Washington State Ferries. "Final Long Range Plan." Department of Transportation Ferries Division (June 30, 2009), pp. 4555. Washington State Ferries. "Operational Strategies: Situation Assessment." Washington State Department of Transportation (December, 2007), pp. 19. Washington State Ferries. Washington State Ferries Vehicle Level-of-Service: Situation Assessment. Washington State Department of Transportation (December 2007), pp. 17. Water Transit Authority. "A Strategy to Improve Public Transit with an Environmentally Friendly Ferry System: Final Implementation & Operations Plan." San Francisco Bay Area Water Transit Authority, San Francisco, CA (2003), pp. 70. Water Transit Authority. "A Strategy to Reduce Traffic Congestion and Improve Air Quality: Draft Imple- mentation & Operations Plan." San Francisco Bay Area Water Transit Authority, San Francisco, CA (2002), pp. 66. Winebrake, J. J., J. J. Corbett, and P. E. Meyer. "Energy Use and Emissions from Marine Vessels: A Total Fuel Cycle Approach." Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, Vol. 57 (January 2007), pp. 102110. Winebrake, J. J., J. J. Corbett, C. Wang, A. Farrell, and P. Woods. "Optimal Fleetwide Emissions Reductions for Passenger Ferries: An Application of a Mixed-Integer Nonlinear Programming Model for the New York- New Jersey Harbor." Journal of Air & Waste Management, Vol. 55, No. 4 (2005), pp. 458466.