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4 Guidebook for Understanding Urban Goods Movement Freight is defined awareness, by discussing common problems and seeking common solutions for moving goods in urban environments. as goods or cargo The primary focus of this guidebook is on planning actions that if started today, can prevent carried by a com- goods movement from being an overly costly, hazardous, or polluting activity in the future. mercial means of Moving goods and services within dense urban environments will always convey unwanted transportation or, social costs upon citizens. However, cities that have recognized the social and economic bene- fits of accommodating freight through proper land-use planning, regulation, and public edu- the ordinary cation have made advancements toward reducing the negative social impacts often associated method or class of with freight. This guidebook uses case studies to illustrate "how to" steps and share the knowl- commercial trans- edge gained by local planners and elected officials working to integrate city logistics into their future vision. portation for goods, slower and cheaper than The Guidebook's Intended Audience express. The primary audience for this guidebook includes local elected officials who have the author- ity to enact land-use regulations, zoning ordinances, and codes within their jurisdictions. Sec- ondary audiences for the guidebook are appointed planning commissioners and officials, as well as public- and private-sector planners and metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs) that work in urbanized areas (city and county) and advise the local elected officials who are the deci- sionmakers. Many private- and public-sector professionals define themselves as planners. The American Planning Association (APA) defines planners as individuals who work with, or for, elected and appointed officials, such as mayors and planning commissioners, to lead the plan- ning process with the goal of creating communities of lasting value. Planners help civic leaders, businesses, and citizens envision new possibilities and solutions to community problems. Most of them perform their work in one or more specialized fields such as community development, land use, transportation planning, historic preservation, and community outreach, just to name a few. Taken together, these audiences form a fairly broad group that includes public agency deci- sionmakers and officials, both elected and appointed. It is often true that elected or appointed officials, and sometimes planners, come from varied backgrounds and may not always be famil- iar with freight transportation terminology. Therefore, in developing this guidebook, care is taken to use common terminology, or provide definitions for freight industry terms. Academic instructors and researchers and private-sector stakeholders are also potential audi- ences for the guidebook. How the Guidebook Is Organized The guidebook covers How urban supply chains function and how freight delivery services operate in urban settings, How they connect to the urban economy-infrastructure, and land-use patterns, The impacts of land-use codes and regulations governing metropolitan goods movement on private-sector freight service providers, Planning strategies and methods for improving mobility and access of goods movements in urban areas, and Case studies to illustrate application in practice. By supplying a foundation for understanding and then focusing on the local actions, codes, ordinances, regulations, policies, and management that influence freight performance, this

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Introduction and Purpose 5 guidebook aims to accommodate and expedite the growing demand for urban goods movement while mitigating its environmental impact and community consequences. The guidebook has the following seven sections: 1. Introduction and Purpose, 2. Background: The Importance of Goods Movement in the Urban Environment, 3. Moving Urban Goods: It's All about Supply Chains, 4. Using Freight Data for Planning, 5. Regulations Impacting Urban Goods Movement, 6. Putting It All Together: A Process for Evaluating and Addressing the Impacts, 7. Case Studies. A resource CD-ROM accompanies this guidebook. It contains PowerPoint presentation (approximately 10 minutes) with speaker notes for use in educating decisionmakers about urban goods movements; PowerPoint presentation with speaker notes for use by planning staff to conduct up to a 4-hour workshop on the content of this guidebook; PDFs of TRB and FHWA presentations on urban goods movements; A literature review including an annotated bibliography, searchable database, and articles on urban goods movements; PDFs of the urban supply chain drawings; Information on freight data; An extensive freight glossary and list of acronyms; and Sample brochures on freight supply chains produced by the Coalition for America's Gateways and Trade Corridors (CAGTC). An eight-page, color overview accompanies this guidebook and is on the CD-ROM. It is intended as a quick and easy read to capture the attention of local elected officials, decisionmak- ers, and potential guidebook users.