Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.
Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.
OCR for page 11
11 Chapter 1 Introduction NCFRP Report 16 is the final report of NCFRP Project 24, worth $39,000 was delivered to every person in the United "Preserving and Protecting Freight Infrastructure and Routes" States in 2007. When considering the distance involved in (FY 2009). An important aspect of freight preservation and transporting this freight, an average of 11,000 ton-miles was protection activities is the prevention or resolution of potential delivered to every person in the country. To gain perspective conflicts between land use for freight transportation purposes on the amount of transportation involved, this is equivalent and alternative uses. to carrying one ton of freight for every man, woman, and This report child in the United States 11,000 miles, or each of the 42 tons of freight for every person over 260 miles. · Presents information about freight transportation and its Quite simply, the highly specialized system of producing importance to everyday life; and distributing products to consumers that is the cornerstone · Illustrates types of conflicts between freight and other land of our economy could not exist without the freight transpor- uses, as well as their consequences; and tation network. Freight is hauled by various transportation · Provides tools and resources to preserve freight facilities modes--truck, rail, air, water--and combinations of these and corridors, including prevention and resolution of these modes. The choice of transportation modes or combinations conflicts. of modes depends on a number of factors including type and The target audience for this study consists of decision value of commodity, shipment size, distance, and desired makers involved in freight facility operations, freight trans- speed and reliability of transportation. portation planning, and land-use decisions. This includes state departments of commerce and transportation, MPOs, Conflicts between Freight local officials and their planning offices, legislators and their and Other Land Uses staffs, freight facility developers, freight operators, and real estate concerns. U.S. economic and population growth creates increasing competition for the land resources underlying the freight transportation infrastructure. Amid such competition, a key The Importance of to preserving freight transportation facilities and corridors is Freight Transportation to prevent or resolve conflicts between freight-transportation- A smoothly functioning freight transportation network related services and other land uses. Some conflicts are obvious, is essential to the operation of the U.S. economy. Efficient such as bridge interference with the vertical clearance of rail- freight transportation is a very important part of producing road corridors or other shipping lanes. Other conflicts may products and getting them to consumers. Freight transpor- not be as apparent, such as noise, vibration, or environmental tation services are combined with other logistics inputs such effects caused by freight activities. as warehouses, inventories, and information technology in From the perspective of the community at large, these order to provide goods and services to final consumers in a conflicts generally lead to nuisance, safety, or health concerns. timely fashion. From the perspective of freight interests, these conflicts According to the most recent information from the U.S. can create barriers to efficient transportation that diminish Commodity Flow Survey (CFS), on average, 42 tons of freight economic performance.