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38 (2)Comprehensive plans of cities that include all or part this section to support development of the required of a port district with annual operating revenues in container port element. excess of twenty million dollars may include a marine (8)Any planned improvements identified in port ele- industrial port element. Prior to adopting a marine ments adopted under subsections (1) and (2) of this industrial port element under this subsection (2), the section must be transmitted by the city to the trans- commission of the applicable port district must adopt portation com mission for consideration of inclusion a resolution in support of the proposed element. in the statewide transportation plan required under (3)Port elements adopted under subsections (1) and RCW 47.01.071. (2) of this section must be developed collaboratively [2009 c 514 § 2.] between the city and the applicable port, and must Notes: establish policies and programs that *Reviser's note: The "department of community, (a)Define and protect the core areas of port and port- trade, and economic development" was renamed the related industrial uses within the city; "department of commerce" by 2009 c 565. (b) Provide reasonably efficient access to the core area through freight corridors within the city limits; and Findings--Intent--2009 c 514: (c)Identify and resolve key land-use conflicts along the (1) The legislature finds that Washington's marine con- edge of the core area, and minimize and mitigate, tainer ports operate within a complex system of marine to the extent practicable, incompatible uses along terminal operations, truck and train transportation the edge of the core area. corridors, and industrial services that together support (4)Port elements adopted under subsections (1) and (2) a critical amount of our state and national economy, of this section must be including key parts of our state's manufacturing and (a) Completed and approved by the city according agricultural sectors, and directly create thousands of to the schedule specified in RCW 36.70A.130; and high-wage jobs throughout our region. (b) Consistent with the economic development, (2) The legislature further finds that the container port transportation, and land-use elements of the city's services are increasingly challenged by the conversion comprehensive plan, and consistent with the city's of industrial properties to nonindustrial uses, leading capital facilities plan. to competing and incompatible uses that can hinder (5)In adopting port elements under subsections (1) and port operations, restrict efficient movement of freight, (2) of this section, cities and ports must: ensure that and limit the opportunity for improvements to existing there is consistency between the port elements and the port-related facilities. port comprehensive scheme required under chapters (3) It is the intent of the legislature to ensure that local 53.20 and 53.25 RCW; and retain sufficient planning land-use decisions are made in consideration of the flexibility to secure emerging economic opportunities. long-term and widespread economic contribution of (6)In developing port elements under subsections (1) and our international container ports and related industrial (2) of this section, a city may utilize one or more of the lands and transportation systems, and to ensure that following approaches: container ports continue to function effectively along- (a) Creation of a port overlay district that protects side vibrant city waterfronts. [2009 c 514 § 1.] container port uses; (b) Use of industrial land banks; Guidelines for Developing (c)Use of buffers and transition zones between incom- Comprehensive Plan patible uses; Freight Components (d) Use of joint transportation funding agreements; (e)Use of policies to encourage the retention of valu- The comprehensive plan should able warehouse and storage facilities; (f)Use of limitations on the location or size, or both, · Provide a vision of the long-term future character and design of nonindustrial uses in the core area and sur- of a community, rounding areas; and · Show the importance and interrelatedness of many topics, (g) Use of other approaches by agreement between · Cover a wide geographic area and show interdependencies the city and the port. among geographic areas, (7)The *department of community, trade, and economic · Show potential long-term impacts, and development must provide matching grant funds to · Represent the interests of a broad range of citizens and cities meeting the requirements of subsection (1) of stakeholders (Anderson 1995, 7, 14).
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39 Ideally, local zoning practices also should align with the goals · The city will not approve or permit distribution center or of the comprehensive plan. In many places, such alignment logistics facility development adjacent to schools, hospitals, is mandated. residential care facilities, libraries, or emergency service The general or comprehensive plan is usually made up of stations. four main areas: goals, objectives, policies, and maps. These · The city will not approve the placement of hospitals, schools, intersect and align to create a comprehensive plan. There may residential care facilities, libraries, and emergency service be separate sections within the comprehensive plan dealing stations within 500 feet of any freight facility that operates with different elements; for example, a land-use element and on a 24-hour basis. a transportation element may be separate sections of the plan. · Residential neighborhoods within a city should not be placed Both of these elements are relevant to freight. The economic in proximity to, or adjacent to, port facilities, rail yards, development element also will have ramifications for freight rail corridors, and heavily trucked routes. groups. · To reduce trespass, schools should not be placed close to Goals are a direction-setting element. They will describe railroad tracks. an ideal future that the community wishes to attain that will · The city will establish minimal acceptable level of service be related to public health, safety, or general welfare. The goals (e.g., peak-hour level of service) for major truck thorough- will encapsulate general expressions of community values and fares. may not be quantifiable or time-specific. Examples of freight · The city will develop minimum setback and buffer standards goals could include the following: for any new sensitive land use that may be developed close to freight facilities. · A diversified economic base for the city, · The city will adopt a specific plan for the logistics park. · Promotion of global freight connectivity as the [x] largest · Areas designated for freight activity should be placed in logistics hub in the United States, and industrial/freight zone areas. · Protection of freight facilities or freight corridors to ensure · The city will develop a financing program to implement the a continued viable economic base for the city. highway at-grade crossing closure program. Objectives will be a specific, delineated end, state, or Some comprehensive plans may include implementa- condition that is a step in attaining the goals set within the tion measures, which are the action, program, procedure, or plan. An objective should be achievable and have some type technique that will carry out the comprehensive plan's policy. of performance metric that is measurable and time-specific. For example, in its guidance on developing comprehensive Examples for freight could be plans, California notes that all policies developed "must have at least one corresponding implementation measure" (State · Mapping of all freight corridors and associated and ancillary of California 2003, 16). facilities by [x] date, Maps will be developed to accompany the comprehensive · A reduction in freight-related pollutants around port plan. These will often show land uses, current and future trans- facilities, portation corridors, urban design features, and geologic and · A 50 percent reduction in industrial land conversion over other natural hazards. Often, aerial maps and other photo- the next [x] years, graphic elements will be placed within the comprehensive/ · First Street and Harbor Avenue to be designated as major general plan sections. A comprehensive/general plan that trucking arterials, effectively addresses freight would conduct a freight inventory · A new Logistics Center Park to be located in the area bounded that shows major freight corridors (highway/rail), logistics by E and H Avenues and Commerce Drive. and distribution center facilities, major industrial and manu- facturing hubs that are utilizing the multimodal system, ports Policies are specific statements that guide decision making and marine facilities and terminals, rail yards, large container within the comprehensive plan. Clear policies help in judging storage areas, major air cargo facilities, navigation easements whether zoning decisions, projects, public works activities, and and runway approaches, and connecting highways used by other projects are consistent with the general plan. Examples of trucks to access air cargo facilities. The comprehensive plan a policy from the freight perspective could include also should designate future corridors, needed improvements to corridors, and future expansion of other freight facilities. · The city shall not approve a zoning ordinance variance to The comprehensive plan also should take into consideration rezone industrial to residential uses that is located within (1) the long-range plans and transportation improvement 300 feet of the identified railroad corridors, logistics zone, plans that the metropolitan planning agencies are required or port facility. to prepare under federal law and (2) the state transportation