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40 plans that often will have a freight multimodal component. perity: Protecting Prime Industrial Land for Job Growth, which This will ensure that the comprehensive plan and any land- reported on the conversion of industrial land to nonindustrial use plans created as a consequence of the comprehensive plan land (Oregon Industrial Conversion Study Committee 2004). effectively consider transportation goals, policies, and projects This 2004 report found that the State of Oregon had an interest that are being conducted at the regional and statewide level. in preserving a supply of prime industrial land for short- and long-term needs. Portland, Oregon, also has undertaken or commissioned reviews of its industrial land inventory, Resources and Materials for including a market demand analysis (ECO Northwest 2003) Developing a Comprehensive Plan for the citywide industrial lands inventory and assessment and There are many useful resources and guides provided by the a review of Portland's working rivers in 2008 (Abbott 2008). states on to how to develop a comprehensive plan. California's Industrial inventories were undertaken in 1998, 2003 (City of General Plan Guidelines (State of California 2003) is a good Portland 2003), and 2005, and the city created an Industrial resource to consider utilizing since California requires a noise Districts Atlas in 2004 (City of Portland 2004) and developed evaluation to be considered in the comprehensive plan, and a Freight Master Plan in 2006 (City of Portland 2006). Many this will require analysis of freight systems and facilities. municipal and regional economic development groups and The Pennsylvania Mon Valley Land Use & Transportation chambers of commerce also may have industrial inventories website's freight movement section also provides a useful that can be utilized to develop local industrial plans. For starting point for integrating freight planning into the compre- example, the East Tennessee Development District created hensive plan (Mon Valley Land Use & Transportation 2010). an Industrial Land Inventory in June 2009 (East Tennessee (This web resource to support multimunicipal planning was Development District 2009) that gave details on tract size and adapted from Pennsylvania DOT's Transportation and Land acres, service by utilities, and service by rail and barge. In 2010, Use Toolkit.) the City of Chanhassen, Minnesota, created a land inventory Industrial inventories are also an extremely useful item map including current available land (City of Chanhassen, for a city/county to develop and map out industrial facilities Minnesota 2010) that also could be utilized to determine and the major freight corridors and facilities. They also often where new freight and industrial areas should be created. provide an excellent baseline to show the value of freight It is recommended that all local jurisdictions develop within the local/regional economy, highlighting, for example, appropriate maps for use in determining the areas in which taxes, wages, and building permits issued. As part of indus- new industrial/freight activity should be encouraged to locate trial inventory activities, local jurisdictions should conduct and to provide information if any zoning variance applications an Internet search to see if any freight plans may have been are made to the city's planning commission. These maps developed by the state department of transportation, metro should be updated no less often than the comprehensive plan. politan planning association, or other freight stakeholder or freight taskforce groups. These may provide good starting State Transportation Planning points and, in some instances, may have GIS layering that can be used within the inventory process of the comprehensive Federal law requires that all state DOTs complete a long- plan to develop freight facility and corridor location maps. range statewide transportation plan (STP) with a minimum Freight task groups also may have developed maps that show 20-year forecast (United States Code 23 U.S.C. 135 2007). critical bottlenecks and areas where freight facilities are close States also are required to complete a Statewide Transporta- to environmental justice communities. For example, in the tion Improvement Program (STIP) for all areas of the state. The development of its Regional Freight Mobility Plan in 2007, STIP covers a period of 4 years and is updated every 4 years. the Atlanta Regional Commission had multiple freight stake- Areas that are in non-attainment for air quality under the Clean holders involved in the committees that provided technical Air Act provisions are required to update the STIP every 3 years. and policy advice to the consultants developing the plan State transportation planning is of primary importance outside (Atlanta Regional Commission 2008a). These groups provided of MPO boundaries, because MPOs do the majority of regional examples of bottlenecks, discussion of how design elements transportation planning within their own boundaries. in mixed-use areas were impeding efficient freight delivery, The STP and STIP developed for each state provide for and also mapped out where the environmental justice com- the development and integrated management and operation munities were located in extremely close proximity to freight of transportation systems and facilities that will function as facilities and corridors. an intermodal transportation system for the state and an Examples of industrial inventories include San Francisco's integral part of an intermodal transportation system for the industrial inventory, released in October 2010 (San Francisco United States. The process for developing the statewide plan Planning Department 2010), and Oregon's Promoting Pros- and the transportation improvement program is required to