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42 activities affected by transportation including planned Regional Visioning and Freight growth, economic development, environmental protection, airport operations, and freight movement. Regions, according to Seltzer and Carbonell (2011) are · Safety and security of the transportation system are now territories defined primarily by function and only rarely by jurisdiction. Regional planning is the development of plans separate planning factors that are to be considered during and programs by communities and institutions working the metropolitan planning process. collaboratively to address issues that affect their shared geo- graphic territories. Figure 6-4 shows the identified mega SAFETEA-LU also added specific programs targeted at regions in the United States. With the likely emergence of freight, which included freight megaregions that do not respect state or even national boundaries, a new planning dialogue is required to prepare · A truck-parking facilities pilot program, for the next-generation freight system to support these regions. · A highway-railroad crossing safety improvement funding Planning decisions made over the next decade will be critical program, to our future transportation system efficiencies and regional · Allowance to construct truck-idling reduction facilities on competitiveness. Local and regional freight planning in this Interstate highway rights-of-way, context will require highly skilled freight transportation plan- · A highway bridge funding program, ners and new strategies and tools, community support, and · A new program for research, training, and education to legislative authority. support freight transportation planning, and Strategic visioning is an emerging approach to problem · A freight intermodal distribution pilot program--which solving that is being applied in major metropolitan regions gave grants to facilitate intermodal freight transportation across the country. Examples are California DOT's Regional initiatives at the state and local level for the relief of con- Blueprints and the Chicago Metropolis 2020's reports on devel- gestion and to improve safety and provide capital funding opment and transportation. Strategic visioning recognizes that to address infrastructure and freight distribution needs at today's urban challenges have natural or economic boundaries inland ports and intermodal freight facilities. (e.g., air sheds, watersheds, commuter sheds, and commerce Figure 6-4. Identified megaregions in the United States (America 2050 2010).