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70 Chapter 9 Education about Freight Transportation Issues Education about freight transportation issues can take many toward overcoming many conflicts between freight and other forms. Freight transportation issues that were relevant for land uses. NCFRP Project 24 include the following: Beyond formal education, most state DOTs have a freight plan, and some have created freight task forces and freight The value of freight transportation; round tables to provide a venue for stakeholder input as they Planning for freight facilities and corridors; and develop freight plans. Ports and airports are well known for How to prevent or resolve conflicts between freight and their round tables and community working groups, which are other, often incompatible, land uses. often put together to solve problems and make recommenda tions where federal grant monies are applied to mitigate for issues such as noise and vibration. Lack of education or information on these issues is often Many of these types of groups produce excellent edu at the root of many of the conflicts between freight entities cational resource materials to better understand and plan and other land uses. Although education on these issues can for freight. The FHWA Office of Freight Management and sometimes be part of a university curriculum for planning Operations also has an excellent webpage for freight planning students, it is often accomplished in the "real world" through (U.S. Department of Transportation 2006a), which includes various means that involve communication and interaction items for freight professional development that a newcomer between interested stakeholders. Channels of education/ to freight planning can utilize. Items include access to work communication include shops, the "Talking Freight" webinar series, and the National Highway Institute courses such as "Integrating Freight in the Education in planning schools regarding freight transporta Transportation Planning Process." Other groups, such as tion issues, California's Air Resources Board, have conducted programs Planning-agency-sponsored freight task forces and round to mitigate for pollution around ports and have developed tables, inventories and mitigation plans that provide useful educational Community round tables and working groups, material to understand freight impacts (California Environ Outreach efforts by freight entities, and mental Protection Agency 2005a). Available previous research. Freight entities also can play a role in the education process in an effort to avoid or resolve conflicts. The research performed The NCFRP Project 24 research team noted that most for NCFRP Project 24 offered a number of examples where university planning curricula do not include freight in their outreach or education efforts by freight entities were valu master's programs for community and regional planning. able. For example, in the case of the Staten Island Railroad Although some students might be able to take a multi (http://www.EnvisionFreight.com/issues/pdf/Task_6_Case_ disciplinary class on multimodal freight issues or multimodal Study_SIRR.pdf) resumption of service, CSX conducted a freight planning classes that are often taught in Transporta significant public outreach campaign to notify the public tion Engineering programs, these types of multidisciplinary about the resumed service and also went to schools to pre classes--which are on the rise--are not always offered to vent children from playing in the right-of-way. As another students from different disciplines. The inclusion of freight example, the freight groups involved in the Atlanta Regional issues in university planning curricula would go a long way Freight Mobility Plan (http://www.EnvisionFreight.com/

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71 issues/pdf/ARC_Freight_Plan_case_study.pdf) provided necessary. Private-sector groups, including local chambers ranking scores for funding prioritization on projects that of commerce, can play an important role in keeping freight were placed into the Transportation Improvement Program issues on the agenda and encouraging buy-in from the busi submitted to Georgia's DOT. ness community when a freight-related project is proposed. Specific strategies for improving communication between Improving communication through various levels of govern freight and land-use stakeholders would include the formation ment also is required and must be a two-way channel. of standing planning committees and the regular exchange Resources for previous research and for freight studies of internal planning materials and decisions, redacted as reviewed during this project can be found in Appendix K.