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14 FIGURE 4 Types of regulations that are motivating factors for including ridesharing in the mix of transit options. (If you indicated above that regulations are motivating factors, please specify the type of regulations below.) (n = 7.) ridesharing supplements traditional transit service. One 350 vanpools serving 14 counties. Work sites include cor- agency added to this point, saying, "Transit doesn't meet rectional facilities, schools and colleges, and a military base. every possible travel need. Nor does ridesharing." Roughly 110 to 160 of the vanpools take agricultural workers to work through KCAPTA's AITS program, operated with One example of a program that fills a service gap is the the participation of eight COGs. That program was developed Agricultural Industries Transportation Services (AITS) pro- in response to a van accident in 1999 that killed 13 farm work- gram, which transports farm workers who have nontraditional ers (Wasserman 1999). work hours (Figure 5). The program, operated by the Kings County Area Public Transit Agency (KCAPTA) in central During the late 1990s, vans were unregulated and unsafe. California, is profiled here. Vans were aging and poorly maintained, drivers did not have licenses, and vans were often modified so that many passen- Profile: Kings County Area Public Transit gers did not have seatbelts. Since then, California has passed Agency Vanpools Serve Farmworkers a law that requires factory-installed seat belts and annual inspections, which has helped to increase vanpool safety. KCAPTA, based in Hanford, California, operates a com KCAPTA's eight- and 15-passenger vans, which are leased prehensive vanpool program as part of its transportation on a monthly basis, are also routinely inspected and serviced. services. Launched in 2001, the vanpool program has roughly They are equipped with a global positioning system, first aid kits, fire extinguishers and other safety items (KCAPTA 2010). Each van is covered by a $10 million insurance policy, and all routine maintenance is done on site, with spare vans being provided as needed. Vanpool drivers must have a Class C license, pass a physical exam, and provide proof of a clean driving record. They are also responsible for collecting monthly fees from riders and forwarding the payments to KCAPTA. For KCAPTA, vanpools overcome limitations in the agency's fixed-route bus service by accommodating nontra- ditional work or school schedules, including flexible work weeks. For example, there are 13 vanpools that take workers from the small city of Avenal to agricultural work sites in the surrounding area. The workers travel at nontraditional work hours, and their work weeks can vary depending on the FIGURE 5 KCAPTA's agricultural vanpools fill a gap. weather. The bus service that travels to Avenal three times a (Courtesy: Kings County Area Public Transit Agency.) day cannot meet their transportation needs.