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CONTENTS I. Introduction, 3 II. Use of Context Sensitive Design Methods, 3 A.Current Balancing Factors or Context Sensitive Design Policies, 4 B.Application of Context Sensitive Design, 6 C.Documentation Use in Litigation, 6 D.Recommendations, 7 III. Strategies for the Defense of the Lawsuit, 7 A.Legal Basis for Defense, 7 IV. Design Documentation Current Practices, 16 A.Current Practices for Risk Management, 17 B.Current Practices--Documentation of the Design Analysis, 17 C.Documentation of Mitigation Strategies, 20 V. Conclusion, 22 Appendix A: Study Survey, 23 Appendix B: Survey Questionnaire, 25 Appendix C: Statutes Discussing Context Sensitive or Practical Design Concepts, 31 Appendix D: Iowa DOT, Office of Design, Chapter 1-1, Selecting Design Criteria, 38 Appendix E: Iowa DOT, Office of Design, Chapter 1-8, Documenting Design Decisions, 40 Appendix F: DelDOT Road Design Manual 3.1.3 Departure from Standards, 43 Appendix G: Sample Design Exception and Justification Form, 50