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13 FIGURE 2 NYCT sample placard (Courtesy: NYCT). In addition the following are discussed: outline for the training appears in Figure 3. In addition to this training, individuals conducting these inspections are required Air quality meter; to attend 41/2 days of prerequisite training in various safety Power off locations; courses. Infrastructure drop site; Location of material; and Asbestos abatement. CONCLUSION The need for a barrier or bunting separating the work Interviews with multiple representatives from the five agencies track from active adjacent tracks will be determined at this for this report revealed that agencies of all sizes are moving inspection. toward comprehensive ROW worker protection programs that include rules development in collaboration with labor, specific Finally, a closing meeting is held immediately following training requirements, and enforcement initiatives. Successful the inspection in which all participants review items that need practices focus on clearly and concisely communicating rules to be addressed. The track superintendent prepares a Punch and procedures to target audiences through written documen- List Report that is reviewed by the inspection team and the tation and high quality training, and implementing structured TWU safety department. Follow-up inspections are scheduled. processes for encouraging compliance. Before any work commences, an inspection certificate or placard is signed by a supervisor and a TWU safety repre- The research team met with two ROW work crews during sentative, and displayed at the work site. Figure 2 shows a the MBTA site visit. During the meeting, employees empha- placard (3, pp. 3.13.4, 4.54.8). sized the value of training and the need for supervisors and managers to "walk the talk." Some concerns were expressed To help ensure the effectiveness of this process, NYCT that elements of the MBTA program were too strict, but all developed a 3-day training course for TWU safety represen- workers recognized management's commitment to the pro- tatives and track construction/maintenance supervisors who gram and acknowledged that MBTA was a much safer place conduct the joint labor/management pre-job inspections. The to work because of it.

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14 FIGURE 3 NYCT joint management/union safety inspection outline of training curriculum (Courtesy: NYCT).