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OCR for page 18
18 Responsibilities of the lone worker (Example: What portions of the job will require fouls, and when would the track need to be taken out of service?); Any known hazards or situations that could jeopardize personal safety (Example: The adjacent track is in service, and trains will be passing the lone worker at normal speed); How communication will be established (Example: Will the lone worker be monitoring the radio, and on which frequency?); Any requirements that will affect the job, such as orders to clear the track by a certain time if the track is to be taken out of service; All known unusual conditions or situations that may affect the job assignment; and If necessary to work under traffic, the location of a safe area to clear the track. Employees must not clear the track by occupying another track unless that track is out of service. Job briefings for both groups and lone workers should be updated regularly. Only one foreperson can be in charge of the work site. The foreperson in charge must keep all other forepersons up to date and must have a clear understanding as to how the job is to be conducted (8, pp. 47). COMMUNICATION PRACTICES Each system also has extensive rules or documented standard operating procedures directing and governing the use of FIGURE 6 MTA Job Briefing Acknowledgement Statement radios, cell phones, public address systems, and other forms (Courtesy: MTA). of communication technology. For this study, the focus is on procedures for track workers to notify control centers or towers and for control centers to notify operators of the presence All known unusual conditions or situations that may of employees or work sites on the ROW. These rules and affect the job assignment; and procedures were discussed in the interviews with agency If necessary to work under traffic, where will the "safe" personnel, culled from a review of each agency's rules, or both. location be located to clear the track? Employees must not clear the track by occupying another track unless that track is out of service. New York City Transit All River LINE roadway workers whose duties require Whenever employees are entering the ROW and some level them to work alone and not as part of any other work group of flagging protection is required, they must notify the Rail must contact their supervisor before the start of their work Control Center Desk Superintendent to request and receive and conduct a job briefing. The roadway worker must permission, and report their position by track and station acknowledge having a clear understanding of the task, how it number. Between the hours of 10 p.m. and 5 a.m. and all day is to be accomplished, and the on-track protection procedure on Saturday and Sunday, the Rail Control Center must notify to be used. area trains with periodic announcements of the presence of employees on the ROW and remind train operators to operate Job briefings should include how the worker intends to with restricted speed and extreme caution and to sound the provide on-track protection against moving track equip- horn if caution lights or employees are observed. The Rail ment or trains. Discussion between the lone worker and his Control Center must keep a log of the flagging calls. or her supervisor must include, but is not limited to, the following: If an employee is using the ROW to access his or her work place, for example, walking to a train or tower, the employee All specific jobs to be performed for the day (Example: is not required to notify the Rail Control Center to request Inspecting track between two specific locations); permission. The employee must, however, follow all rules

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19 pertaining to PPE and general safety practices for accessing The employee informs the dispatcher what area the and walking along the ROW. NYCT operations supervisors work crew intends to occupy and requests to be placed on the are required to speak with train operators as they are reporting Right of Way Access List. The employee must have a call to work to go over locations of General Orders and any other number and a working portable radio in his or her possession. significant events that are occurring on their line. Employees must identify themselves by name and call number, and identify what Level of Protection they will be utilizing, what type of work, if any, is being performed, and how many Toronto Transit Commission members are in the work crew. The employee must also notify the dispatcher of the name and badge number of the designated Employees must call Transit Control by means of a land line flagperson(s). to get permission before descending to track level. All crews carry a system radio for direct communication with Transit Callers must tell the dispatcher where the crew will first Control at all times. Transit Control is the communications access the ROW and identify the two points between which center of the transit system. Transit Control will inform oper- the crew will be working. These locations must be stations or ating crews when there are employees on the track and where landmarks and cannot exceed two stations (i.e., Braintree to to expect warning lights or flags and work crews. Quincy Adams; Stony Brook to Jackson; Orient Heights to Suffolk, or Beaconsfield to Reservoir). On Scarborough Rapid Transit (SRT), Transit Control will advise the operator to change from Automatic Train Operation Once employees have completed their work in that specific to Cab Signaling or Emergency Mode. Employees must area, the original caller must contact the dispatcher by means wait for Transit Control to confirm this change from station of radio and inform him or her that the crew is clearing one to station before the work crews enter the track level. On location and moving to another, giving the specific area in the SRT, Transit Control will advise operators when work which the crew will be working. Whenever a crew leaves crews report clear and instruct the train operator to return to the ROW for any reason--break, lunch, or other purpose-- Automatic Train Operation. the crew must inform the dispatcher that all crew members and all equipment are clear of the ROW. Transportation personnel If employees are required to access an area located accessing the ROW use their radios as the primary means beyond the safety gate at the end of the platform, and will of communication with the control center while entering, walk along the catwalk area not protected by a yellow railing, occupying, or clearing the ROW. they must advise Transit Control and ensure that the platform end gates are closed after entering or exiting track level by Operators must monitor their radios to be aware of person- means of a station platform. nel on the ROW. When swinging on or off, operators must inform their relief person about personnel on the ROW. If an If employees are conducting a walking inspection that operator encounters personnel on the ROW who have not requires them to be at track level for more than 2 h for inspec- been identified on the Right of Way Access List broadcast by tion, troubleshooting, orientation, or track patrol, they must the dispatcher, he or she is directed to contact the control contact Transit Control and request that Transit Control center immediately and inform them of the crew's location. update subway vehicle crews of their location. Employees A dispatcher will then send a supervisor to the scene, and must repeat this request every 2 h until they have cleared vehicles traveling in both directions in the area will be track level. instructed to use caution. On SRT, employees must wait for Transit Control to Supervisors are required to monitor their areas and be confirm that the system is operating in the Cab Signaling aware of the personnel on the Right of Way Access List, and Mode or Emergency Mode before they go to track level. to complete periodic checks to ensure that all work crews are adhering to the call on/call off, and other policies and When leaving track level, the employee in charge must procedures established for ROW access. ensure that no employee in the group is still at track level. The employee in charge calls Transit Control immediately Dispatchers are responsible for monitoring operations and after leaving track level (2, pp. 1.91.12). taking every step possible to ensure employees and contractors accessing the ROW are complying with established policies Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority and procedures. Any violations must be reported promptly to the appropriate line supervisor or work crew supervisor. The All personnel accessing the ROW must notify the appropriate dispatcher must also do the following: control center dispatcher using the appropriate telephone numbers before entering the ROW. There are separate numbers 1. Restrict crews from calling in excessive areas of for each of MBTA's rail transit lines: Red, Blue, Green, and coverage. Crews are restricted to an area between Orange. two stations;