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6 within its limits would be fouling the track and be struck by linear, "cradle to grave" process for each project (such as a moving train or work equipment. replacing a section of rail, rebuilding an interlocking, or installing new signal components), from an overall system Throughout this report, sections that are quoted or para- perspective, it is a cycle whereby work practices are evaluated phrased from specific rail system documents use the termi- continually, along with reported incidents and near misses, all nology of the cited system. The glossary definition represents of which inform the pre-work and work-site activities of train- a consensus of system definitions and/or provides alternate ing, rules modification, job planning, PPE selection and usage, terms or definitions. and staffing. ORGANIZATION OF REPORT By organizing the study and the report in this manner, specific practices for tasks in each step could be discussed, The report is organized in a way that reflects the three as well as broader, programmatic approaches that have been phases of protecting track workers: pre-work, work site, and implemented to ensure continuous improvement in track post-work. Although some would view these three steps as a work safety efforts.