Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.
Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.
OCR for page 44
34 BIBLIOGRAPHY American Association of State Highway and Transportation Response," Proceedings, 13th World Conference on Earth- Officials (AASHTO), Standard Specifications for High- quake Engineering, Paper No. 2533, Vancouver, B.C., way Bridges, AASHTO, Washington, D. C., 1992. Canada, Aug. 16, 2004. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Bozorgnia, Y. and K.W. Campbell, "The Vertical-to-Hori- Officials (AASHTO), AASHTO Guide Specifications for zontal Response Spectral Ratio and Tentative Procedures LRFD Seismic Bridge Design, 1st ed., AASHTO, Wash- for Developing Simplified V/H and Vertical Design Spec- ington, D.C., 2009. tra," Journal of Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2004, pp. 175207. Arslan, H. and B. Siyahi, "A Comparative Study on Linear and Nonlinear Site Response Analysis," Environmental Cramer, C.H., "Quantifying the Uncertainty in Site Ampli- Geology, Vol. 50, No. 8, 2006, pp. 11931200. fication Modeling and Its Effects on Site-specific Seis- mic-hazard Estimation in the Upper Mississippi Beresnev, I.A., A.M. Nightengale, and W.J. Silva, "Proper- Embayment and Adjacent," Bulletin of the Seismological ties of Vertical Ground Motions," Bulletin of the Seismo- Society of America, 2006. logical Society of America, Vol. 92, No. 8, 2002, pp. 31523164. Davidenkov, N.N., "Energy Dissipation in Vibrations," Journal of Technical Physics, Vol. 8, No. 6, 1938. Bernardie, S., E. Foerster, and H. Modaressi, "Non-Linear Site Response Simulations in Chang-Hwa Region During Dobry, R., R.S. Ladd, F.Y. Yokel, R.M. Chung, and D. Powell, the 1999 Chi-Chi Earthquake, Taiwan," Soil Dynamics "Prediction of Pore Water Pressure Buildup and Liquefac- and Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 26, No. 11, 2006, pp. tion of Sands During Earthquakes by the Cyclic Strain 10381048. Method," Building Science Series 183, National Bureau of Standards, U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Govern- Berrill, J.B. and R.O. Davis, "Energy Dissipation and Seis- ment Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1982, 150 pp. mic Liquefaction of Sands: Revised Model," Soils and Foundations, No. 25, 1985, pp. 106118. Elgamal, A.W. and H. Liangcai, "Vertical Earthquake Motions Records: An Overview," Journal of Earthquake Beyen, K. and M. Erdik, "Two-Dimensional Nonlinear Site Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 5, 2004, pp. 663697. Response Analysis of Adapazarî Plain and Predictions Inferred from Aftershocks of the Kocaeli Earthquake of Elgamal, A.W., Z. Yang, and J. Lu, "A Web-based Platform 17 August 1999," Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engi- for Computer Simulation of Seismic Ground Response," neering, Vol. 24, No. 3, 2004, pp. 261279. Advances in Engineering Software, Vol. 35, No. 5, 2004, pp. 249259. Boaga, J., G. Vignoli, and G. Cassiani, "Shear Wave Profiles from Surface Wave Inversion: The Impact of Uncertainty Finn, W.D.L., K.W. Lee, and G.R. Martin, "An Effective on Seismic Site Response Analysis," Journal of Geophys- Stress Model for Liquefaction," Journal of the Geotech- ics and Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2011, pp. 162174. nical Engineering Division, Vol. 103, No. GT6, 1977, pp. 517533. Bonilla, L.F., R.J. Archuleta, and D. Lavallée, "Hysteretic and Dilatant Behavior of Cohesionless Soils and Their Frankel, A.D., D.L. Carver, and R.A. Williams, "Nonlinear Effects on Nonlinear Site Response: Field Data Observa- and Linear Site Response and Basin Effects in Seattle for tions and Modeling," Bulletin of the Seismological Soci- the M 6.8 Nisqually, Washington, Earthquake," Bulletin ety of America, Vol. 95, 2005, pp. 23732395. of the Seismological Society of America, 2002. Booker, J.R., M.S. Rahman, and H.B. Seed, "GADFLFA-A GeoMotions, "D-MOD2000: A Nonlinear Computer Pro- Computer Program for the Analysis of Pore Pressure gram for Seismic Response Analysis of Horizontally Generation and Dissipation During Cycle or Earthquake Layered Soil Deposits, Earthfill Dams, and Solid Waste Loading," Report No. UCB/EERC-76/24, University of Landfills," GeoMotions, Lacey, Wash., 2000 [Online]. California, Berkley, 1976. Available: www.GeoMotions.com. Borja, R.I. and A.P. Amies, "Multiaxial Cyclic Plasticity Gerolymos, N. and G. Gazetas, "Constitutive Model for 1-D Model for Clays," Journal of Geotechnical & Geoenvi- Cyclic Soil Behaviour Applied to Seismic Analysis of ronmental Engineering, Vol. 120, No. 6, 1994, pp. Layered Deposits," Soils and Foundation, Vol. 45, No. 3, 10511070. 2005, pp. 147159. Borja, R.L., J.E. Andrade, and R.J. Armstrong, "Combined Ghaboussi, J. and S.U. Dikmen, "Effective Stress Analysis Deterministic-Stochastic Analysis of Local Site of Seismic Response and Liquefaction: Case Studies,"
OCR for page 45
35 Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, Vol. 110, No. 5, Ishibashi, I. and X. Zhang, "Unified Dynamic Shear Moduli 1984, pp. 645658. and Damping Ratios of Sand and Clay," Soils and Foun- dations, Vol. 33, No. 1, 1993, pp. 182191. Ghaboussi, J., D.A. Pecknold, M. Zhang, and R. Haj-Ali, "Autoprogressive Training of Neural Network Constitu- Ishihara, K., "Evaluation of Soil Properties for Use in Earth- tive Models," International Journal for Numerical Meth- quake Response Analysis," in Geomechanical Modelling ods in Engineering, Vol. 42, No. 1, 1998, pp. 105126. in Engineering Practice, R. Dungar and J.A. Studer, Eds., A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Netherlands, 1986, pp. Green, R.A., J.K. Mitchell, and C.P. Polito, "An Energy- 241275. Based Pore Pressure Generation Model for Cohesionless Soils," John Booker Memorial Symposium--Develop- Ishihara, K., J. Lysmer, S. Yasuda, and H. Hirao, "Prediction ments in Theoretical Geomechanics, Rotterdam, Nether- of Liquefaction in Sand Deposits During Earthquakes," lands, 2000, pp. 383390. Soils and Foundations, Vol. 16, No. 1, 1976, pp. 116. Haciefendiolu, K. and K. Soyluk, "Nonlinear Response of Iwasaki, T., F. Tatsuoka, and Y. Takagi, "Shear Moduli of Earthfill Dams to Spatially Varying Ground Motion Sands Under Cyclic Torsional Shear Loading," Soils and Including Site Response Effect," Advances in Structural Foundations, Vol. 18, No. 1, 1978, pp. 3256. Engineering, Vol. 14, No. 2, 2011, pp. 223234. Jacobsen, L.S., "Steady Forced Vibrations as Influenced by Hardin, B.O. and V.P. Drnevich, "Shear Modulus and Damp- Damping," Transactions, ASME, Vol. 52, No. 15, 1930, ing in Soils: Measurement and Parameter Effects," Jour- pp. 169181. nal of Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering Jin, X., G. Kong, and H. Ding, "Nonlinear Seismic Response Division, Vol. 98, No. SM6, 1972, pp. 603624. Analysis of Horizontal Layered Site," Journal of Earth- Hardin, B.O. and V.P. Drnevich, "Shear Modulus and Damp- quake Engineering and Engineering Vibration, Vol. 24, ing in Soils: Design Equations and Curves," Journal of No. 3, 2004, pp. 3843. the Soil Mechanics and Foundations Division, Vol. 98, Kawano, M., K. Asano, H. Dohi, and S. Matsuda, "Verifica- No. SM7, 1972, pp. 667692. tion of Predicted Non-Linear Site Response During the Harichance, Z., H. Afra, and S.M. Elachachi, "An Identifica- 1995 Hyogo-Ken Nanbu Earthquake," Soil Dynamics tion Procedure of Soil Profile Characteristics from Two and Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 20, Nos. 58, 2000, Free Field Acclerometer Records," Soil Dynamics and pp. 493507. Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 25, 2005, pp. 431438. Kim, D.S., K.H. Stokoe, and W.R. Hudson, "Deformational Hashash, Y.M.A., "Viscous Damping Formulation and High Characteristics of Soils at Small to Intermediate Strains Frequency Motion Propagation in Non-Linear Site from Cyclic Tests," 1177-3, Center of Transportation Response Analysis," Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Research, Bureau of Engineering Research, Austin, Tex., Engineering, Vol. 22, No. 7, 2002, pp. 611624. 1991. Hashash, Y.M.A. and D. Groholski, "Extraction of Dynamic Kokusho, T., "Cyclic Triaxial Test of Dynamic Soil Proper- Pore Water Pressure Generation Behavior via Inverse ties for Wide Strain Range," Soils and Foundations, Vol. Analysis in Seismic Site Response Modeling," 1st Inter- 20, No. 2, 1980, pp. 4560. national Symposium on Computational Geomechanics Lai, C.G. and G.J. Rix, "Simultaneous Inversion of Rayleigh (ComGeo I), Juan-les-Pins, Cote d'Azur, France, 2009. Phase Velocity and Attenuation for Near-Surface Site Hudson, M., I.M. Idriss, and M. Beikae, "QUAD4M: A Characterization," Georgia Institute of Technology, Computer Program to Evaluate the Seismic Response of Atlanta, 1998. Soil Structures Using Finite Element Procedures and Laird, J.P. and K.H. Stokoe, "Dynamic Properties of Incorporating a Compliant Base," rev. 2003, Center for Remolded and Undisturbed Soil Samples Test at High Geotechnical Modeling, Department of Civil and Envi- Confining Pressure," GR93-6, Electric Power Research ronmental Engineering University of California, Davis, Institute, Washington, D.C., 1993. 2003. Lee, C.P., Y.B. Tsai, and K.L. Wen, "Analysis of Nonlinear Idriss, I.M., "QUAD-4: A Computer Program for Evaluating Site Response Using the LSST Downhole Accelerometer the Seismic Response of Soil Structures by Variable Array Data," Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineer- Damping Finite Element Procedures," July 1973. ing, Vol. 26, No. 5, 2006, pp. 435460. Idriss, I.M. and H.B. Seed, "An Analysis of Ground Motions Lee, K.L. and A.S. Albaisa, "Earthquake Induced Settle- During the 1957 San Francisco Earthquake," Bulletin of ments in Saturated Sands," Journal of Geotechnical the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 58, 1968, pp. Engineering, Vol. 100, No. GT4, 1974, pp. 387406. 20132032.
OCR for page 46
36 Lee, M.K.W. and W.D.L. Finn, "DESRA-1, Program for the Muravski, G., "On Description of Hysteretic Behavior of Dynamic Effective Stress Response Analysis of Soil Materials," International Journal of Solids and Struc- Deposits Including Liquefaction Evaluation," Soil tures, Vol. 42, 2005, pp. 26252644. Mechanics Series No. 36, Department of Civil Engineer- Muravski, G. and S. Frydman, "Site Response Analysis ing, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Using a Nonlinear Hysteretic Model," Soil Dynamics and Canada, 1975. Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 17, 1998, pp. 227238. Li, W., D. Assimaki, and M. Fragiadakis, "Site Response Nishi, K., J. Tohma, and M. Kanatani, "Effective Stress Modeling Variability in `Rupture-to-Rafters' Ground Analysis for Level Sand Deposits with Cyclic Mobility," Motion Simulations," Proceedings, 14th World Confer- 5th International Conference on Numerical Methods in ence on Earthquake Engineering, Oct. 1217, 2008, Bei- Geomechanics, Nagoya, Japan, 2004. jing, China. Ordaz, M. and E. Faccioli, "Site Response Analysis in the Li, W. and D. Assimaki, "Site- and Motion-Dependent Para- Valley of Mexico: Selection of Input Motion and Extent of metric Uncertainty of Site-Response Analyses in Earth- Non-linear Soil Behaviour," Earthquake Engineering & quake Simulations," Bulletin of the Seismological Society Structural Dynamics, Vol. 23, No. 8, 1994, pp. 895908. of America, Vol. 100, No. 3, 2010, pp. 954968. Papazoglou, A.J. and A.S. Elnashai, "Analytical and Field Liu, M. and D.G. Gorman, "Formulation of Rayleigh Damp- Evidence of the Damaging Effect of Vertical Earthquake ing and Its Extensions," Computers and Structures, Vol. Ground Motion," Journal of Earthquake Engineering 57, No. 2, 1995, pp. 277285. and Structural Dynamics, Vol. 25, No. 10, 1996, pp. Lysmer, J., T. Udaka, C.F. Tsai, and H.B. Seed, FLUSH--A 11091137. Computer Program for Approximate 3-D Analysis of Park, D. and Y.M.A. Hashash, "Rate-dependent Soil Behav- Soil-Structure Interaction Problems, Report No. EERC ior in Seismic Site Response Analysis," Canadian Geo- 75-30, Earthquake Engineering Research Center, Univer- technical Journal, Vol. 45, No. 4, 2008, pp. 454446. sity of California, Berkeley, 1975, 83 pp. Phillips, C. and Y.M.A. Hashash, "A Simplified Constitutive Martin, P.P., "Non-Linear Methods for Dynamic Analysis of Model to Simultaneously Match Modulus Reduction and Ground Response," Ph.D. dissertation, University of Cal- Damping Soil Curves for Nonlinear Site Response Anal- ifornia, Berkeley, 1975. ysis," Geotechnical Special Publication, Sacramento, Martin, P.P. and H.B. Seed, "MASH, A Computer Program Calif., 2008. for the Non-Linear Analysis of Vertically Propagating Press, W.H., S.A. Teukolsky, W.T. Vetterling, and B.P. Flan- Shear Waves in Horizontally Layered Deposits," Report nery, Numerical Recipes in FORTRAN 77 The Art of Sci- No. EERC 78-23, Earthquake Engineering Research entific Computing, Cambridge University Press, Center, University of California, Berkeley, 1978. Cambridge, U.K., 1992. Martin, F.D., H. Kawase, and A.M. Razavi, "Nonlinear Soil Prevost, J.H., "Mathematical Modeling of Monotonic and Response of a Borehole Station Based on One-Dimen- Cyclic Undrained Clay Behavior," International Journal sional Inversion during the 2005 Fukuoka Prefecture of Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, Western Offshore Earthquake," Bulletin of the Seismo- Vol. 1, No. 2, 1977, pp. 195216. logical Society of America, Vol. 100, No. 1, Feb. 1, 2010, pp. 151171. Prevost, J.H., DYNAFLOW: A Nonlinear Transient Finite Element Analysis Program, Department of Civil Engi- Matesic, L. and M. Vucetic, "Strain-rate Effect on Soil neering and Operational Research, Princeton University, Secant Shear Modulus at Small Cyclic Strains," Journal 1981 (last update Jan. 1994). of Geotechnology and Geoenvironmental Engineering, Vol. 129, No. 6, 2002, pp. 536539. Prevost, J.H., DYNA1D: A Computer Program for Nonlinear Site Response Analysis, Technical Documentation, Mok, C.M., C.Y. Chang, and D.E. Legaspi, "Site Response National Center of Earthquake Engineering Research, Analyses of Vertical Excitation," Geotechnical Earth- SUNY at Buffalo, N.Y., 1989. quake Engineering and Soil Dynamics III, Seattle, Wash., 1998, pp. 739753. Prevost, J.H. and C.M. Keane, "Multimechanism Elasto- Plastic Model for Soils," Journal of Engineering Mechan- Moreno-Torres, O., Y.M.A. Hashash, and S.M. Olson, "A ics, Vol. 116, No. 9, 1990, pp. 19241945. Simplified Coupled Soil-Pore Water Pressure Generation for Use in Site Response Analysis," GeoFlorida Advances Puzrin, A.M. and J.B. Burland, "A Logarithmic Stress in Analysis, Modeling & Design, West Palm Beach, Fla., Strain Function for Rocks and Soils," Geotechnique, Vol. 2010. 46, No. 1, 1996, pp. 157164.
OCR for page 47
37 Pyke, R.M., H.B. Seed, and C.K. Chan, "Settlement of Sands mological Society of America, Vol. 90, 6 Suppl., 2000, pp. under Multidirectional Shaking," Journal of Geotechni- S149S169. cal Engineering Division, Vol. 101, No. GT4, 1975, pp. Stewart, J. and A.O.L. Kwok, "Nonlinear Seismic Ground 379398. Response Analysis: Code Usage Protocols and Verifica- Rathje, E.M., N.A. Abrahamson, and J.D. Bray, "Simplified tion Against Vertical Array Data," Geotechnical Earth- Frequency Content Estimates of Earthquake Ground quake Engineering and Soil Dynamics IV Congress Motions," Journal of Geotechnical & Geoenvironmental 2008--Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Engineering, Vol. 124, No. 2, 1998, pp. 150159. Dynamics, GSP 181. Rathje, E.M., A.R. Kottke, and W.L. Trent, "Influence of Streeter, V.L., E.B. Wylie, and F.E. Richart, "Soil Motion Input Motion and Site Property Variabilities on Seismic Computations by Characteristics Methods," Proceed- Site Response Analysis," Journal of Geotechnical & ings, ASCE National Structural Engineering Conference, Geoenvironmental Engineering, Vol. 136, No. 4, 2010, San Francisco, Calif., 1973. pp. 607619. Streeter, V.L., E.B. Wylie, and F.E. Richart, "Soil Motion Rayhani, M.H.T., M.H. El Naggar, and S.H. Tabatabaei, Computation by Characteristic Method," Journal of the "Nonlinear Analysis of Local Site Effects on Seismic Geotechnical Engineering Division, Vol. 100, No. GT3, Ground Response in the Bam Earthquake," Geotechnical 1974, pp. 247263. and Geological Engineering, Vol. 26, No. 1, 2008, pp. Sugito, M., H. Goda, and T. Masuda, "Frequency Dependent 91100. Equi-Linearized Technique for Seismic Response Analy- Roten, D., D. Fäh, L.F. Bonilla, S. Alvarez-Rubio, T.M. sis of Multi-Layered Ground," Doboku Gakkai Rombun- Weber, and J. Laue, "Estimation of Non-linear Site Hokokushu/Proceedings of the Japan Society of Civil Response in a Deep Alpine Valley," Geophysical Journal Engineers, Vol. 493, No. 32, 1994, pp. 4958. International, Vol. 178, No. 3, 2009, pp. 15971613. Tan, K. and M. Vucetic, "Behavior of Medium and Low Seed, H.B. and I.M. Idriss, "Influence of Soil Conditions on Plasticity Clays Under Cyclic Shear Conditions," Pro- Ground Motions during Earthquakes," Journal of Soil ceedings 4th International Conference on Soil Dynamics Mechanics and Foundation Division, Vol. 95, 1969, pp. and Earthquake Engineering, Mexico City, Mexico, 99137. 1989, pp. 131142. Seed, H.B., I.M. Idriss, F. Makdisi, and N. Bannerjee, "Rep- Tsai, C.-C. and Y.M.A. Hashash, "Learning of Dynamic Soil resentation of Irregular Stress Time Histories by Equiva- Behavior from Downhole Arrays," Journal of Geotechni- lent Uniform Stress Series in Liquefaction Analyses," cal & Geoenvironmental Engineering, Vol. 135, No. 6, Report No. UCB/EERC/75-29, Earthquake Engineering 2009, pp. 745757. Research Center, University of California, Berkeley, Tsang, H.H., A.M. Chandler, and N.T.K. Lam, "Estimating Calif. Non-Linear Site Response by Single Period Approxima- Seed, H.B., R.M. Pyke, and G.R. Martin, "Effect of Multi- tion," Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Directional Shaking on Pore-Pressure Development in Vol. 35, No. 9, 2006, pp. 10531076. Sands," Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Divi- Tsuda, M., J. Steidl, R. Archuleta, and D. Assimaki, "Site- sion, Vol. 104, No. GT1, 1978, pp. 2744. Response Estimation for the 2003 Miyagi-Oki Earth- Sheahan, T.C., C.C. Ladd, and J.T. Germaine, "Rate Depen- quake Sequence Considering Nonlinear Site Response," dent Undrained Shear Behavior of Saturated Clay," Jour- Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 96, nal of Geotechnical & Geoenvironmental Engineering, No. 4A, 2006, pp. 14741482. Vol. 122, No. 2, 1996, pp. 99108. Vucetic, M. and R. Dobry, "Cyclic Triaxial Strain-controlled Sidarta, D. and J. Ghaboussi, "Modelling Constitutive Testing of Liquefiable Sands," Advanced Triaxial Testing of Behavior of Materials from Non-uniform Material Tests," Soil and Rock, ASTM STP 977, American Society for Test- Computers and Geotechnics, Vol. 22, No. 1, 1998, pp. ing and Materials, Philadelphia, Pa., 1988, pp. 475485. 5371. Vucetic, M., "Cyclic Threshold Shear Strains in Soils," Jour- Silver, M.L. and H.B. Seed, "Volume Changes in Sands dur- nal of Geotechnical Engineering, Vol. 120, 1994, pp. ing Cyclic Loading," Journal of Soil Mechanics and 22082228. Foundation Division, Vol. 97, No. SM9, 1971, pp. Vucetic, M. and R. Dobry, "Pore Pressure Buildup and Liq- 11741178. uefaction of Level Sandy Sites During Earthquakes," Steidl, J.H., "Site Response in Southern California for Prob- Research Report, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, abilistic Seismic Hazard Analysis," Bulletin of the Seis- N.Y., 1986, 616 pp.
OCR for page 48
38 Wang, Z.L., C.Y. Chang, and C.C. Chin, "Hysteretic Damp- Youd, T.L., "Compaction of Sands by Repeated Shear Strain- ing Correction and Its Effect on Non-Linear Site Response ing," Journal of Soil Mechanics and Foundation Divi- Analyses," Geotechnical Special Publication, Sacra- sion, Vol. 98, 1972, pp. 709725. mento, Calif., 2008. Zhai, E., W. Roth, E. Dawson, and C. Davis, "Seismic Defor- Watabe, M., M. Tohido, O. Chiba, and R. Fukuzawa, "Peak mation Analysis of an Earth Dam--A Comparison Study Accelerations and Response Spectra of Vertical Strong Between Equivalent-Linear and Nonlinear Effective Stress Motions from Near-Field Records in USA," Eighth Japan Approaches," Paper No. 3298, 13th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering Symposium, Tokyo, Japan, Earthquake Engineering, Vancouver, B.C., Canada, 2004. 1984, pp. 301306. Zheng, W. and R. Luna, "Nonlinear Site Response and Liq- Wilson, E., Dynamic Analysis by Numerical Integration, uefaction Analysis in the New Madrid Seismic Zone," Computers and Structures Inc., San Francisco, Calif., Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, Vol. 29, No. 2005. 4, 2011, pp. 113.