Click for next page ( 32

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement

Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 31
31 References 1.Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices, 2009 ed., 13. Rasdorf, W.J., J.E. Hummer, E.A. Harris, V.P. Immaneni, Federal Highway Administration, U.S. Department of and C. Yeom, Designing an Efficient Nighttime Sign Transportation, Washington, D.C., Dec. 2009. Inspection Procedure to Ensure Motorist Safety, FHWA/ 2. U.S. Department of Transportation and Related Agen- NC/2006-08, North Caroline State University, Raleigh, cies Appropriations Act of 1992, Public Law 102-388, Sep. 2006. 106 Statute 1520, section 406. 14. Maintaining Traffic Sign Retroreflectivity, Publication 3. Paniati, J.F. and D.J. Mace, Minimum Retroreflectivity FHWA-SA-07-020, Federal Highway Administration, Requirements for Traffic Signs, Technical Report, Report U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C., FHWA-RD-93-077, Federal Highway Administration, 2007. U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C., 15. Standard Test Method for Measurement of Retroreflective Oct. 1993. Signs Using a Portable Retroreflectometer, ASTM E1709- 4. Mercier, C., C. Goodspeed, C.J. Simmons, and J.F. Paniati, 00e1, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, Pa. "Evaluation of Proposed Minimum Retroreflectivity 16. Work Plan for the Field and Laboratory Evaluation of Requirements for Traffic Signs," Transportation Research Sign Sheeting Materials, National Transportation Prod- Record 1495, Transportation Research Board, National uct Evaluation Program, Washington, D.C., Jan. 2008. Research Council, Washington, D.C., 1995, pp. 5767. 17. Carlson, P.J. and M.S. Lupes, Methods for Maintaining 5.Carlson, P.J. and H.G. Hawkins, Updated Minimum Traffic Sign Retroreflectivity, FHWA-HRT-08-026, Texas Retroreflectivity Levels for Traffic Signs, Report FHWA- Transportation Institute, College Station, Nov. 2003. RD-03-81, Federal Highway Administration, U.S. Depart- 18. Standard Specification for Retroreflective Sheeting for ment of Transportation, Washington, D.C., 2004. Traffic Control, ASTM D4956-11a, ASTM International, 6.Opiela, K.S. and C.K. Andersen, Maintaining Traf West Conshohocken, Pa. fic Sign Retroreflectivity: Impacts on State and Local 19. Black, K.L., S.F. Hussain, and J.F. Paniati, "Deterioration Agencies, Report FHWA HRDS-05, Federal Highway of Retroreflective Traffic Signs," ITE Journal, Vol. 62, Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation, July 1992, pp. 1622. Washington, D.C., Apr. 2007. 20. Wolshon, B., R. Degeyter, and J. Swargam, "Analysis 7. Kilgour, M.D., J.D. White, and D.M. Bullock, "Sign and Predictive Modeling of Road Sign Retroreflectiv- Retroreflectivity: Fiscal Impact of Proposed Minimum ity Performance," prepared for the 16th Biennial Sym- Retroreflectivity Values on Local Governments in posium on Visibility and Simulation, Iowa City, Iowa, Indiana and Investigation of Accuracy of Nighttime June 24, 2002. Inspections," 86th Annual Meeting of the Transporta- 21.Bischoff, A. and D. Bullock, Sign Retroreflectivity tion Research Board, Compendium of Papers CD-ROM, Study, FHWA/IN/JTRP-2002/22, Joint Transportation Transportation Research Board of the National Acad- Research Program, West Lafayette, Ind., Dec. 2002. emies, Washington, D.C., 2007. 22. Minnesota DOT's Traffic Sign Maintenance/Management 8.Ford, S.H. and E.C. Calvert, "Evaluation of a Low Handbook, Report No. 2010RIC10, Version 1.1, Mn/DOT Cost Program of Road System Traffic Safety Reviews Research Services Section, St. Paul, Oct. 2010. for County Highways," presented at the Transportation 23. Re, J.M., J.D. Miles, and P.J. Carlson, "An Analysis of Research Board's 8th International Conference on Low- In-Service Traffic Sign Retroreflectivity and Deteriora- Volume Roads, June 2003. tion Rates in Texas," Transportation Research Record: 9.Finley, M.D., Low Cost Local Road Safety Solutions, Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2258, Vol. 1, No. 1, The American Traffic Safety Services Transportation Research Board of the National Acad- Association, Fredericksburg, Va., Mar. 2006. emies, Washington, D.C., 2011, pp. 8894. 10.Hawkins, H.G. and P.J. Carlson, "Results of Visual 24.Nahrwold, T., Field Inspections for Sheet Sign Life Evaluations of Sign Retroreflectivity Compared with Cycle, Operations Memorandum 11-01, Division of High- Minimum Retroreflectivity Recommendations," Trans way Maintenance, Indiana Department of Transportation, portation Research Record 1754, Transportation Indianapolis, Jan. 24, 2011. Research Board, National Research Council, Washing- 25.Weather Database [Online]. Available: http://www. ton, D.C., 2001, pp. 1120. [accessed July 27, 2011]. 11. Lagergren, E.A., Traffic Sign Retroreflectivity Measure 26. The National Climatic Data Center, National Oceanic and ments Using Human Observers, Report WA-RD-140.1, Atmospheric Administration, Washington, D.C. [Online]. Washington State Transportation Center, University of Available: Washington, Seattle, Dec. 1987. ccd/wndspd.txt [accessed July 27, 2011]. 12. Hawkins, G.H., P.J. Carlson, J.B. McCaleb, and C.R 27. Brimley, B.K. and H.G. Hawkins, "Analysis of Retrore- McIlroy, Impact of Minimum Retroreflectivity Values on flectivity and Color Degradation in Sign Sheeting," pre- Sign Replacement Practices, FHWA/TX-97/1275-1F, sented at the 90th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Texas Transportation Institute, College Station, Oct. 1996. Research Board, Washington D.C., Jan. 2011.