ITA-AITES (Association Internationale des Tunnels-International Tunnelling and Underground Space Association). 2011. Protection of Wildlife [online]. Available: (accessed April 30, 2012).

Kammen, D.M., and A. Jacobson. 2006. Science and Engineering Research That Values the Planet. Pp. 59-70 in Frontiers of Engineering: Reports on Leading-Edge Engineering from the 2005 Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Koutsoyiannis, D., N. Zarkadoulas, A.N. Angelakis, and G. Tchobanoglous. 2008. Urban water management in ancient Greece: Legacies and lessons. Journal of Water Resource Planning and Management 134(1):45-54.

Linger, D.A., G.H. Baker, and R.G. Little. 2002. Applications of underground structures for the physical protection of critical infrastructure. Pp. 333-342 in North American Tunneling 2002, L. Ozdemir, ed. Lisse, The Netherlands: Swets & Zeitlinger.

Liu, J. 2009. Yaodong - Cave Dwellings on Loess Plateau. [online]. Available: (accessed March 31, 2011).

Markham, V.D. 2008. U.S. Population, Energy & Climate Change. Center for Environment & Population [online]. Available: (accessed October 14, 2010).

Massachusetts Turnpike Authority. 2006. Economic Impact of the Massachusetts Turnpike Authority & Related Projects, Volume I: The Turnpike Authority as a Transportation Provider. Massachusetts Department of Transportation [online]. Available: (accessed April 27, 2012).

Meijenfeldt, E.V. 2003. Below Ground Level: Creating New Spaces for Contemporary Architecture, M. Geluk, ed. Basel, Boston: Birkhauser.

NAE (National Academy of Engineering). 2000. Greatest Engineering Achievements of the 20th Century [online]. Available: (accessed July 9, 2012).

Norris, F.H., S.P. Stevens, B. Pfefferbaum, K.F. Wyche, and R.L. Pfefferbaum. 2008. Community resilience as a metaphor: Theory set of capacities, and strategy for disaster readiness. American Journal of Community Psychology 41(1-2):127-150.

NRC (National Research Council). 2010. Adapting to the Impacts of Climate Change. Washington DC: The National Academies Press.

NRC. 2011. Building Community Disaster Resilience through Private-Public Collaboration. Washington DC: The National Academies Press.

Papay, L.T. 2002. Urban design: The grand challenge. Pp. 91-94 in Engineering and Environmental Challenges: Technical Symposium on Earth Systems Engineering. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Parriaux, A., L. Tacher, V. Kaufmann, and P. Blunier. 2006. Underground resources and sustainable development in urban areas. Paper number 700 in Engineering Geology for Tomorrow City: International Association for Engineering and Geology 2006: The 10th International Congress, September 6-10, 2006, Nottingham, U.K. [online]. Available: (accessed March 30, 2011).

Rightmire, G.P., and H.J. Deacon. 1991. Comparative studies of Late Pleistocene human remains from Klasies River Mouth, South Africa. Journal Human Evolution 20(2):131-156.

Sabel Communicatie. 2007. Guide to Good Practice: Underground Space. Rotterdam, The Netherlands: Europoint Media [online]. Available: (accessed April 30, 2012).

Sandström, G. 1963. Tunnels. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Shaffer, D., and D. Vollmer. 2010. Pathways to Urban Sustainability: Research and Development in Urban Systems. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement