feedstock and that are more tolerant of contaminants in downstream processing. (Duff and Brown)

  • Algae have potential as a source of lipids that could be used as a feedstock for fuel, chemical, and energy production, but a great deal of basic research is needed to realize this potential. (Duff)
  • To achieve cost-competitive biological conversion of biomass into ethanol or other feedstocks will require moving from batch to continuous-flow processes, a transition that will require a substantial amount of chemical and chemical engineering research, particularly with regard to the development of catalysts and separation technologies. (Somerville)
  • Basic research on the chemistry of thermal conversions, via both gasification and pyrolysis, is needed to better tailor these processes to the meet the demands of working with biomass feedstocks. (Brown)
  • The lack of a national policy on the use of biomass in power and heat generation is impeding developments in this field. (Steiner, Barteau, and Carter)
  • The economics of biomass-to-power systems may benefit from the development of small-scale systems as opposed to large-scale power plants. (Steiner)
  • Methane may serve as an important bridge technology between oil/coal and biomass. (Hitz)
  • Production of high-value chemicals is an area worth exploring in detail as it represents a potentially viable approach of creating demand for a biomass feedstock. (Hitz, Carter, Chun, and Singh)


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