Robert Brown, Iowa State University (ISU), is the founding director of the Bioeconomy Institute (BEI) at ISU, a university-wide initiative that coordinates research, educational, and outreach activities related to biobased products and bioenergy. The BEI has helped established several new research enterprises at ISU including the NSF-sponsored Center for Biorenewable Chemicals, the Biobased Industries Center, the BioCentury Research Farm, the Biorenewables Research Laboratory Building, the NSF-sponsored EPRSCoR RII project, and the USDA-sponsored CenUSA Bioenergy project. Dr. Brown also helped establish ISU’s Biorenewable Resources and Technology (BRT) graduate program, the first such degree-granting program in the United States. He wrote Biorenewable Resources: Engineering New Products from Agriculture, which is used around the world as a textbook for courses in biorenewables (including ISU’s BRT 501). Dr. Brown’s other administrative duties include directing the Center for Sustainable Environmental Technologies, a $3 million per year research enterprise focusing on thermochemical processing of biomass and fossil fuels. The center has pioneered a variety of innovative technologies including syngas fermentation, gasification of bio-oil, production of sugars, bioasphalt, and co-firing pellets from the fast pyrolysis of biomass, and use of biochars as soil amendment and carbon sequestration agent. Dr. Brown has published over 120 refereed papers and is PI or co-PI on over $70 million in cumulative research funding. He is a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineering, a Distinguished Iowa Scientist of the Iowa Academy of Science, and the recipient of the David R. Boylan Eminent Faculty Award for Research at ISU in 2002. He received an R&D 100 Award from Research and Development Magazine in 1997 and was named one of the “Top 100” researchers in bioenergy by Biofuels Digest in 2010.
Brian Duff, EERE, U.S. Department of Energy, is currently the chief engineer and acting deployment team leader for the Office of the Biomass Program at the U.S. Department of Energy in Golden, Colorado. Mr. Duff is a biochemical process engineer with 30 years of experience in biotechnology and renewable energy from biomass; he holds a bachelor of science degree in biology from Lehigh University and a master of science degree in chemical engineering from Stanford University. His primary expertise is in microbial bioconversion processes and the production of fuels and chemicals from lignocellulosic biomass.
Chris Somerville, University of California, Berkeley & Energy Biosciences Institute, is currently the Philomathia Professor of Alternative Energy and EBI Director of the Melvin Calvin Laboratory at the University of California, Berkeley. Dr. Somerville received his B.Sc. in mathematics from the University of Alberta (1974), and his Ph.D. in genetics from the University of Alberta (1978). Dr. Somerville’s research focuses on the synthesis of plant cell wall polysaccharides, the relationship of the structures to cell wall functions, and how the system is regulated.
Jeffrey J. Steiner, USDA Agricultural Research Service, is the USDA Agricultural Research Service National Program Leader for Biomass Production Systems and agency lead of the USDA Regional Biomass Research Centers. His responsibilities include strategic planning and coordination of research for sustainable production of dedicated energy crops and their genetic improvement. He also is involved in the development of partnerships with the Department of Energy, Federal Aviation Administration, and Department
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C Biographies GUEST SPEAKERS named one of the “Top 100” researchers in bioenergy by Biofuels Digest in 2010. Robert Brown, Iowa State University (ISU), is the founding director of the Bioeconomy Institute (BEI) at Brian Duff, EERE, U.S. Department of Energy, is cur- ISU, a niversity-wide initiative that coordinates research, u rently the chief engineer and acting deployment team leader educational, and outreach activities related to biobased for the Office of the Biomass Program at the U.S. Department products and bioenergy. The BEI has helped estab- of Energy in Golden, Colorado. Mr. Duff is a biochemical lished several new research enterprises at ISU including process engineer with 30 years of experience in biotechnol- the NSF-sponsored Center for Biorenewable Chemicals, the ogy and renewable energy from biomass; he holds a bachelor Biobased Industries Center, the BioCentury Research Farm, of science degree in biology from Lehigh University and the Biorenewables Research Laboratory Building, the NSF- a master of science degree in chemical engineering from sponsored EPRSCoR RII project, and the USDA-sponsored Stanford University. His primary expertise is in microbial CenUSA Bioenergy project. Dr. Brown also helped estab- bioconversion processes and the production of fuels and lish ISU’s Biorenewable Resources and Technology (BRT) chemicals from lignocellulosic biomass. graduate program, the first such degree-granting program in the United States. He wrote Biorenewable Resources: Chris Somerville, University of California, erkeley & B Engineering New Products from Agriculture, which is used Energy Biosciences Institute, is currently the Philomathia around the world as a textbook for courses in biorenewables Professor of Alternative Energy and EBI Director of (including ISU’s BRT 501). Dr. Brown’s other administra- the elvin Calvin Laboratory at the University of Cali- M tive duties include directing the Center for Sustainable fornia, Berkeley. Dr. Somerville received his B.Sc. in Environmental Technologies, a $3 million per year research m athematics from the University of Alberta (1974), and his enterprise focusing on thermochemical processing of bio- Ph.D. in genetics from the University of Alberta (1978). mass and fossil fuels. The center has pioneered a variety Dr. omerville’s research focuses on the synthesis of plant S of innovative technologies including syngas fermentation, cell wall polysaccharides, the relationship of the structures to gasification of bio-oil, production of sugars, bioasphalt, cell wall functions, and how the system is regulated. and co-firing pellets from the fast pyrolysis of biomass, and use of biochars as soil amendment and carbon seques- Jeffrey J. Steiner, USDA Agricultural Research Service, tration agent. Dr. Brown has published over 120 refereed is the USDA Agricultural Research Service National Pro- papers and is PI or co-PI on over $70 million in cumulative gram Leader for Biomass Production Systems and agency research funding. He is a Fellow of the American Society lead of the USDA Regional Biomass Research Centers. His of Mechanical Engineering, a Distinguished Iowa Scientist responsibilities include strategic planning and coordination of the Iowa Academy of Science, and the recipient of the of research for sustainable production of dedicated energy David R. Boylan Eminent Faculty Award for Research crops and their genetic improvement. He also is involved at ISU in 2002. He received an R&D 100 Award from in the development of partnerships with the Department of Research and Development Magazine in 1997 and was Energy, Federal Aviation Administration, and Department 39
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40 APPENDIX C of Navy, and with technology providers and other businesses in her linear scaling orbital-free density functional theory interested in advanced biofuel development. Previous to this (OF-DFT) that can treat tens of thousands to more than a assignment, Dr. Steiner was Senior Advisor for Bioenergy in million metal atoms quantum mechanically, her embedded the USDA Office of the Chief Scientist, and was the princi- c orrelated wavefunction and ab initio DFT+U theories that pal co-author of the President’s Interagency Working Group combine quantum chemistry with periodic DFT to treat Growing America’s Fuels report. He received his Ph.D. from electronic ground and excited states and strongly correlated Oregon State University, and is a fellow of the American materials, and her fast algorithms for ab initio multi-reference Society of Agronomy and Crop Science Society of America. correlated wavefunction methods that permit accurate thermo hemical kinetics and excited states to be predicted c Bryce Stokes, PhD, CNJV/Department of Energy, is a for large molecules. She also was a pioneer in quantum-based Senior Advisor with CNJV, a contractor to the U.S. Depart- multiscale simulations of materials. Her research into how ment of Energy at the Golden Field Office. He is providing materials fail due to chemical and mechanical effects (e.g., support to the DOE Biomass Program in Washington, DC. corrosion and stress) led to new insights into how to opti- He received his B.S. and M.S. from Mississippi State Uni- mally protect these materials against failure (e.g., by doping, versity in engineering and Ph.D. from Auburn University in alloying, or coating). Her current research is focused entirely forestry. He worked as a Forest Engineer for Weyerhaeuser on enabling discovery and design of molecules and mate Company prior to joining the USDA Forest Service in rials for sustainable energy, including converting sunlight to Auburn, Alabama, as a Research Engineer. He later served as electricity and fuels, providing clean electricity from solid Project Leader for the Engineering Unit at Auburn and then oxide fuel cells, clean and efficient combustion of biofuels, served as National Program Leader for Forest Operations and optimizing lightweight metal alloys for fuel-efficient Research as part of the Resource Use Sciences Staff in the vehicles. Professor Carter received her B.S. in chemistry R&D Washington Office. His 30 years of research focused from UC Berkeley in 1982 (graduating Phi Beta Kappa) and on harvesting machine and system design and management; her Ph.D. in chemistry from Caltech in 1987. After a year biomass recovery and utilization; reducing forest opera- as a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Colorado, tions environmental impacts; and specialty systems for pine Boulder, she spent the next 16 years on the faculty of UCLA thinning and wet area harvesting. During his career he also as a professor of chemistry and later of materials science and had staff co-responsibility for biomass, carbon sequestra- engineering. She moved to Princeton University in 2004. tion, climate change, and sustainability with his agency, She holds courtesy appointments in chemistry, chemical department, and in federal interagency working groups. He engineering, and three interdisciplinary institutes (PICSciE, had co-responsibilities in industrial partnerships for forest PRISM, and PEI). The author of over 250 publications, she productivity and life-cycle analyses. He previously served has delivered more than 400 invited lectures all over the in a support role for the USDA Energy Council and is Past world and serves on numerous international advisory boards Chair of the USDA Biobased Products and Bioenergy Coor- spanning a wide range of disciplines. Her scholarly work has dination Council and the Federal Working Group on Woody been recognized by a number of national and international Biomass Utilization. He is active in the Council on Forest awards and honors from a variety of entities, including the Engineering, Forest Products Society, and the American American Chemical Society (ACS), the American Vacuum Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers. He served Society, the American Physical Society, the American Asso- as a U.S. representative to International Energy Agency tasks ciation for the Advancement of Science, and the International on conventional forestry and short-rotation crops for energy Academy of Quantum Molecular Science. She received the 10 years. He has over 140 scientific and technical publica- 2007 ACS Award for Computers in Chemical and Pharma- tions. He co-led the update of the Billion-Ton Report. ceutical Research, was elected in 2008 to both the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the National Academy of Sciences, in 2009 was elected to the International Academy PANELISTS of Quantum Molecular Science, and in 2011 was awarded Emily Carter, Princeton University, is the Founding Direc- the August Wilhelm von Hoffmann Lecture of the German tor of the Andlinger Center for Energy and the Environment Chemical Society. at Princeton University and the Gerhard R. Andlinger Pro- fessor in Energy and the Environment, as well as Professor William Hitz, Dupont, received his Ph.D. from Iowa of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering and Applied and State University in 1978 and did postdoctoral work at the Computational Mathematics. She is a theorist/computational DOE Plant Research Lab at Michigan State University. scientist first known for her research combining ab initio Since 1980 he has been in various research and research quantum chemistry with dynamics and kinetics, especially management positions with DuPont and DuPont/Pioneer. as applied to surface chemistry. Later, she merged quantum Dr. Hitz’ research interests are in carbohydrate chemistry mechanics, applied mathematics, and solid state physics and metabolism and in fatty acid and lipid synthesis. The pri-
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APPENDIX C 41 mary outcome of the work in crop plants has been metabolic Leonard Katz, Lygos and University of California, engineering of grain quality in corn and soybean to produce Berkeley, is currently an associate professor at the University grains improved for their end use in human or animal nutri- of California, Berkeley, and serves on the Scientific Advisory tion. Since 2007 he has been one of the technical leads for Board for Lygos. His research areas include bio-inspired biological steps in the conversion of cellulosic feed stocks approaches to biofuels, calixarene-bound metal clusters, to ethanol in DuPont Industrial Sciences with commercial- calixarene-modified nanoparticles, grafter calixarene oxide ization through DuPont Cellulosic Ethanol. Dr. Hitz has surfaces, and grafted calixarenes as single-site heterogeneous been part of the enzyme discovery, the C5/C6 ethanologen catalysts. He received his Ph.D. from the California Institute and the feed stock assessment teams. His larger interests in of Technology in 1999. Dr. Katz has published more than biofuels stem from an upbringing on a family farm through 95 papers and is an inventor with more than 25 patents issued. a career tied to conversion of the outputs of agriculture to He has also pioneered efforts to manipulate modular PKS usable products. systems to produce new compounds. Dr. Katz’s credentials include research director and industrial liaison officer of the Rina Singh, Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO), Synthetic Biology Engineering Research Center, former V.P. is currently the Director of the Policy, Industrial and Environ- of Biological Sciences at Kosan Biosciences, Inc., and co- mental Section at the Biotechnology Industry Organization inventor of Lygos’ technologies. (BIO). Singh previously served as the business development manager at Ashland Inc. She was appointed by the president Jeffrey Steiner (see bio in Guest Speaker section) and CEO as member of an innovative 10-member team assembled to develop a new strategic direction for shland, A ORGANIZING COMMITTEE identifying investment opportunities for $1.5 billion resulting from divesture of petroleum refining operations. Singh held Paul Bryan, Independent Consultant, was, until late 2011, general management positions in the technology and busi- Program Manager for Biomass at DOE/EERE. Currently, ness development areas of Ashland, including bio roducts p Dr. Bryan is an independent consultant. He previously spent business development manager and platform technology 15 years with Chevron in California and Western Australia, manager. She started her career at The Dow Chemical Co. as most recently as Vice President of Biofuels Technology. Prior a senior research chemist in the Engineering Thermoplastics to that, he spent eight years in academia (MIT, Colorado Group. The holder of 24 patents and publications, Singh School of Mines) and industry (Union Carbide). His educa- received a B.S., a doctorate in natural products (synthetic tional background includes degrees in chemical engineering organic chemistry), and a postdoctoral degree in polymer from Penn State (B.S.) and UC Berkeley (Ph.D., 1985), science from McGill University. and a post-doc in applied thermodynamics at the Ecole des Mines—Paris. He has been active in a variety of industry and professional organizations, including the Separations Divi- BREAKOUT SESSION LEADERS sion of the AIChE, the North American Membrane Society, Douglas Elliott, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, the Gas Processors Association, and the Gordon Research has over 35 years of research and project management experi- Conferences. ence in the Battelle system at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). His work has mainly been directed Jennifer Sinclair Curtis, University of Florida, is Dis- toward development of fuels and chemicals from biomass tinguished Professor in the Chemical Engineering Depart- and waste. His experience is primarily in high-pressure ment at the University of Florida (UF). Prior to this, she batch and continuous-flow processing reactor systems. This held administrative roles as Department Chair of Chemical research has also involved him in extensive study of catalyst Engineering at UF and Associate Dean of Engineering systems. In addition to process development, chemical and and Department Head of Freshman Engineering at Purdue physical analysis has also been a significant part of his work. University. Professor Curtis received a B.S. in chemical While at Battelle, Mr. Elliott’s research has involved such engineering from Purdue University (1983) and a Ph.D. in subject areas as biomass liquefaction and hydroprocessing chemical engineering from Princeton University (1989). of product oils, catalytic hydrothermal gasification of wet She has an internationally recognized research program biomass and wastewaters, and chemicals production from in the development and validation of numerical models renewable sources. His work in biomass liquefaction has for the prediction of particle flow phenomena. She is the involved him in International Energy Agency Bioenergy co-author of over 100 publications and has given over 160 tasks as the representative for the U.S. and currently as the invited lectures at universities, companies, government leader of the Task 34 on Pyrolysis. laboratories, and technical conferences. Professor Curtis is a recipient of a Fulbright Senior Research Scholar Award, a NSF Presidential Young Investigator Award, the American
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42 APPENDIX C Society of Engineering Education’s (ASEE) Chemical Engi- ADVISOR TO THE COMMITTEE neering Lectureship Award, the Eminent Overseas Lecture- Richard Greene, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, DOE, ship Award by the Institution of Engineers in Australia, the is Lead for the Photochemistry and Biochemistry Team in ASEE’s Sharon Keillor Award for Women in Engineering, the Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences Divi- and the AIChE Fluidization Lectureship Award. She cur- sion of the Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Office of Sci- rently serves as Associate Editor of the AIChE Journal and ence, U.S. Department of Energy. Following various bench on the Editorial Advisory Board of Industrial & Engineer- positions at the National Center for Agricultural Utilization ing Chemistry Research, Powder Technology, and Chemical Research, a USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) lab- Engineering Education. She has served on the National oratory in Peoria, Illinois, he was selected Leader of the Bio- Academy of Engineering’s (NAE) Committee on Engineer- polymer Research Unit. He served in that capacity from 1990 ing Education and has participated in two NAE Frontiers of to 1999, where he directed a broad program of biochemical, Research Symposiums (2003 and 2008). Currently, she is a biophysical, microbiological, and genetic research. Studies Board member of the National Academies’ Chemical Science focused on interactions of natural polymers, particularly Roundtable, as well as the Council for Chemical Research. polysaccharides, with biological systems. During his tenure, the Biopolymer Research Unit generated several commercial Luis E. Martinez, Rollins College, is an associate profes- products from bench discoveries and won two R&D 100 sor of chemistry at Rollins College in Winter Park, Florida. Awards. In 1999, Dr. Greene moved to ARS Headquarters Dr. Martínez’s research interests are the discovery, develop- in Washington, DC, to work in the Office of International ment, and application of unique, transition metal-mediated, Research Programs, where he became its Director in 2003. solid-phase synthetic methods for the high-throughput In 2006, he came to DOE to manage the Energy Biosciences synthesis of pharmacologically active small molecules and Program. When the Energy Biosciences Program merged the concurrent assessment of the chemical genetics of the with the Solar Photochemistry Program to form the Photo- resulting compound libraries in infectious disease, immune chemistry and Biochemistry Team in 2008, Dr. Greene was response, oxidative stress, and cell cycle control. Martínez’s selected Lead. The Team supports fundamental research on experience spans both academia and business. Prior to his the molecular mechanisms involved in the capture of light position with UTEP, Martínez served as a Senior Account energy and its conversion into chemical and electrical energy Executive with Feinstein-Kean Healthcare, an Ogilvy PR through biological and chemical pathways. Dr. Greene is the Worldwide Company. Martínez has also been involved with author of over 80 peer-reviewed journal articles and patents. scientific workforce diversity and American competitive- He served for 9 years on the Editorial Board of Applied and ness, broadening participation in research and the recruit- Environmental Microbiology. Other major honors include ment and retention university minority faculty and students two USDA Secretary Awards, an Arthur S. Flemming Award, in science for over a decade. He has been actively involved along with election as U.S. Representative to the Governing with ACNAS (Society for the Advancement of Chicanos S Body of the Agricultural Cooperative Research Programme, and Native Americans in Science) and has served as a mem- Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development ber of the SACNAS Board of Directors for eight years. In (OECD). Dr. Greene received his B.A. in biochemistry from addition to his current service on the SACNAS Board, he Cornell University (1976) and his Ph.D. in biochemistry also currently sits on the ACS Minority Affairs Committee. from Cornell University (1982). Martínez received his B.S. in chemistry with honors in 1991 from rinity University (San Antonio, Texas) and his Ph.D. T in organic chemistry from Harvard University in 1997.