and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, 2010). Each state was provided with a total of $10 million for five years. Rather than propose a single model, MacArthur identified eight principles that constituted the framework of an ideal juvenile justice system (see Box 9-2). The strategy has been to fund different promising models in several states, to learn from those experiences, and then to come up with several models that could then be offered to other states for adoption (John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, 2010).

BOX 9-2
Models for Change Principles

The Models for Change framework is grounded in eight principles that reflect widely shared and firmly held values related to juvenile justice:

  1. Fundamental fairness: All system participants—including youthful offenders, their victims, and their families—deserve bias-free treatment.
  2. Recognition of juvenile-adult differences: The system must take into account that juveniles are fundamentally and developmentally different from adults.
  3. Recognition of individual differences: Juvenile justice decision makers must acknowledge and respond to individual differences in terms of young people’s development, culture, gender, needs, and strengths.
  4. Recognition of potential: Young offenders have strengths and are capable of positive growth. Giving up on them is costly for society. Investing in them makes sense.
  5. Safety: Communities and individuals deserve to be and to feel safe.
  6. Personal responsibility: Young people must be encouraged to accept responsibility for their actions and the consequences of those actions.
  7. Community responsibility: Communities have an obligation to safeguard the welfare of children and young people, to support them when in need, and to help them to grow into adults.
  8. System responsibility: The juvenile justice system is a vital part of society’s collective exercise of its responsibility toward young people. It must do its job effectively.

SOURCE: John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (2010).

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