References

Abrams, D.E. (2003). A Very Special Place in Life: The History of Juvenile Justice in Missouri. Jefferson City: Missouri Juvenile Justice Association.

Achilles, M., and Zehr, H. (2001). Restorative justice for crime victims: The promise, the challenge. In G. Bazemore and M. Schiff (Eds.), Restorative Community Justice: Repairing Harm and Transforming Communities (pp. 87-99). Cincinnati, OH: Anderson.

Adams, B. (2012). Federal Requirements to Deinstitutionalize Status Offenders Have Been Effective. Pittsburgh, PA: National Center for Juvenile Justice.

Advancement Project. (2010). Test, Punish, and Push Out: How “Zero Tolerance” and High-stakes Testing Funnel Youth into the School-to-Prison Pipeline. Washington, DC: Advancement Project. Available: http://www.advancementproject.org/sites/default/files/publications/rev_fin.pdf [June 2012].

Albert, D., and Steinberg, L. (2011). Judgment and decision making in adolescence. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 21(1), 211-224.

Alexander, J., and Parsons, B. (1973). Short-term behavioral intervention with delinquent families: Impact on family process and recidivism. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 81(3), 219-225.

Alexander, J.F., Pugh, C., Parsons, B.V., and Sexton, T.L. (2000). Functional family therapy. In D.S. Elliott (Ed.) Blueprints for Violence Prevention (book 3, 2nd ed.). Boulder: Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence, Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado.

Allen, F.A. (1964). The Borderland of Criminal Justice: Essays in Law and Criminology. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Alpert, G.P., MacDonald, J.M., and Dunham, R.G. (2005). Police suspicion and discretionary decision making during citizen stops. Criminology, 43(2), 407-434.

Altschuler, D.M., and Armstrong, T. (1994). Intensive Aftercare for High-risk Juveniles: A Community Care Model: Program Summary. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice.

Alvarado, R., and Kumpfer, K.L. (2000). Strengthening America’s families. Juvenile Justice Journal, VII(3), 8-18.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 333
References Abrams, D.E. (2003). A Very Special Place in Life: The History of Juvenile Justice in Missouri. Jefferson City: Missouri Juvenile Justice Association. Achilles, M., and Zehr, H. (2001). Restorative justice for crime victims: The promise, the chal- lenge. In G. Bazemore and M. Schiff (Eds.), Restorative Community Justice: Repairing Harm and Transforming Communities (pp. 87-99). Cincinnati, OH: Anderson. Adams, B. (2012). Federal Requirements to Deinstitutionalize Status Offenders Have Been Effective. Pittsburgh, PA: National Center for Juvenile Justice. Advancement Project. (2010). Test, Punish, and Push Out: How “Zero Tolerance” and High-stakes Testing Funnel Youth into the School-to-Prison Pipeline. Washington, DC: Advancement Project. Available: http://www.advancementproject.org/sites/default/files/ publications/rev_fin.pdf [June 2012]. Albert, D., and Steinberg, L. (2011). Judgment and decision making in adolescence. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 21(1), 211-224. Alexander, J., and Parsons, B. (1973). Short-term behavioral intervention with delinquent families: Impact on family process and recidivism. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 81(3), 219-225. Alexander, J.F., Pugh, C., Parsons, B.V., and Sexton, T.L. (2000). Functional family therapy. In D.S. Elliott (Ed.) Blueprints for Violence Prevention (book 3, 2nd ed.). Boulder: Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence, Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado. Allen, F.A. (1964). The Borderland of Criminal Justice: Essays in Law and Criminology. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Alpert, G.P., MacDonald, J.M., and Dunham, R.G. (2005). Police suspicion and discretionary decision making during citizen stops. Criminology, 43(2), 407-434. Altschuler, D.M., and Armstrong, T. (1994). Intensive Aftercare for High-risk Juveniles: A Community Care Model: Program Summary. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Alvarado, R., and Kumpfer, K.L. (2000). Strengthening America’s families. Juvenile Justice Journal, VII(3), 8-18. 333

OCR for page 333
334 REFORMING JUVENILE JUSTICE American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. (2012). Solitary Confinement of Juvenile Offenders. Available: http://www.aacap.org/cs/root/policy_statements/solitary_ confinement_of_juvenile_offenders [August 2012]. American Bar Association Center for Professional Conduct. (2012). ABA Model Rules of Professional Conduct. Available: http://www.americanbar.org/groups/professional_­ responsibility/publications/model_rules_of_professional_conduct.html [February 2013]. American Bar Association Juvenile Justice Center. (2002). Kentucky: Advancing Justice: An Assessment of Access to Counsel and Quality of Representation in Delinquency Proceed- ings. Available: http://www.njdc.info/kentucky.php [September 2012]. American Bar Association Juvenile Justice Center. (2003). Montana: An Assessment of Access to Counsel and Quality of Representation in Delinquency Proceedings. Available: http:// www.njdc.info/montana.php [September 2012]. American Bar Association Juvenile Justice Center et al. (2003). Washington: An Assessment of Access to Counsel and Quality of Representation in Juvenile Offender Matters. Available: http://www.njdc.info/washington.php [September 2012]. American Bar Association Juvenile Justice Center and Juvenile Justice Project of Louisiana. (2001). The Children Left Behind: An Assessment of Access to Counsel and Quality of Representation in Delinquency Proceedings in Louisiana. Available: http://www.njdc. info/louisiana.php [September 2012]. American Bar Association Juvenile Justice Center and Juvenile Law Center. (2003). Pennsylva- nia: An Assessment of Access to Counsel and Quality of Representation in Delinquency Proceedings. Available: http://www.njdc.info/pdf/pareport.pdf [August 2012]. American Bar Association Juvenile Justice Center and Mid-Atlantic Juvenile Defender Center. (2002). Virginia: An Assessment of Access to Counsel and Quality of Representation in Delinquency Proceedings. Available: http://www.njdc.info/virginia.php [September 2012]. American Bar Association Juvenile Justice Center and Mid-Atlantic Juvenile Defender Center. (2003). Maryland: An Assessment of Access to Counsel and Quality of Representation in Delinquency Proceedings. Available: http://www.njdc.info/maryland.php [September 2012]. American Bar Association Juvenile Justice Center and Southern Center for Human Rights. (2001). Georgia: An Assessment of Access to Counsel and Quality of Representation in Delinquency Proceedings. Available: http://www.njdc.info/georgia.php [September 2012]. American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Dis- orders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR). Washington, DC: American Psy- chiatric Association. American Psychological Association Zero Tolerance Task Force. (2008). Are zero tolerance policies effective in the schools? An evidentiary review and recommendations. American Psychologist, 63(9), 852-862. Amso, D., and Casey, B.J. (2006). Beyond what develops when: Neuroimaging may inform how cognition changes with development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15(1), 24-29. Andenaes, J. (1974). Punishment and Deterrence. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press. Anderer, S.J., and Glass, D.J. (2000). A therapeutic jurisprudence and preventive law approach to family law. In D.P. Stolle, D.B. Wexler, and B.J. Winick (Eds.), Practicing Therapeu- tic Jurisprudence: Law as a Helping Profession (pp. 207-236). Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press. Anderson, E. (1999). Code of the Street: Decency, Violence, and the Moral Life of the Inner City (1st ed.). New York: W.W. Norton.

OCR for page 333
REFERENCES 335 Andrews, D.A., and Bonta, J. (1995). Level of Service Inventory—Revised. Toronto, Canada: Multi-Health Systems. Andrews, D.A., and Bonta, J. (2010). The Psychology of Criminal Conduct (5th ed.). Cincin- nati, OH: Anderson. Andrews, D.A., Bonta, J., and Hoge, R.D. (1990). Classification for effective rehabilitation: Rediscovering psychology. Criminal Justice and Behavior Criminal Justice and Behavior, 17(1), 19-52. Andrews, D.A., Bonta, J., and Wormith, J.S. (2006). The recent past and near future of risk and/or need assessment. Crime and Delinquency, 52(1), 7-27. Annie E. Casey Foundation. (2009). Reform the Nation’s Juvenile Justice System. Issue Brief. Available: http://www.aecf.org/~/media/PublicationFiles/Juvenile_Justice_issuebrief3.pdf [May 2012]. Annie E. Casey Foundation (2011). JDAI Annual Report 2009. Available: http://www.aecf. org/~/media/Pubs/Initiatives/Juvenile%20Detention%20Alternatives%20Initiative/ JDAIResultsReport2009/JDAIResults2009.pdf [June 2012]. Annie E. Casey Foundation. (2012). JDAI News Winter 2012. Available: http://www.aecf. org/KnowledgeCenter/Publications.aspx?pubguid=%7B211E4FD2-2277-4A5D-A709- 605FFC00E0D9%7D [April 2012]. Anwar, S., and Loughran, T.A. (2011). Testing a Bayesian learning theory of deterrence among serious juvenile offenders. Criminology, 49(3), 667-698. Aos, S. (2002). The Juvenile Justice System in Washington State: Recommendations to Im- prove Cost-effectiveness. Olympia: Washington State Institute for Public Policy. Avail- able: http://www.wsipp.wa.gov/rptfiles/WhatWorksJuv.pdf [March 2012]. Aos, S., and Drake, E. (2010). WSIPP’s Benefit-Cost Tool for States: Examining Policy Op- tions in Sentencing and Corrections. Olympia: Washington State Institute for Public Policy. Available: http://www.wsipp.wa.gov/pub.asp?docid=10-08-1201 [June 2012]. Aos, S., Phipps, P., Barnoski, R., and Lieb, R. (2001). The Comparative Costs and Benefits of Programs to Reduce Crime. Olympia: Washington State Institute for Public Policy. Aos, S., Lieb, R., Mayfield, J., Miller, M., and Pennucci, A. (2004). Benefits and Costs of Prevention and Early Intervention Programs for Youth. Olympia: Washington State Institute for Public Policy. Aos, S., Miller, M.G., and Drake, E. (2006). Evidence-based Public Policy Options to Reduce Future Prison Construction, Criminal Justice Costs, and Crime Rates. Document No. 06- 10-1201. Olympia: Washington State Institute for Public Policy. Available: http://www. wsipp.wa.gov/rptfiles/06-10-1201.pdf [June 2012]. Armour, J., and Hammond, S. (2009). Minority Youth in the Juvenile Justice System: Dispro- portionate Minority Contact. Washington, DC: National Conference of State Legislators. Armstrong, G.S., and MacKenzie, D.L. (2000). Private versus Public Sector Operation: A Comparison of the Environmental Quality in Juvenile Correctional Facilities, Final Re- port. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Arnett, J.J. (2000). Emerging adulthood. A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties. American Psychologist, 55(5), 469-480. Arnett, J.J. (2007). Socialization in emerging adulthood: From the family to the wider world, from socialization to self-socialization. In J.E. Grusec and P.D. Hastings (Eds.), Hand- book of Socialization: Theory and Research (pp. 208-231). New York: Guilford Press. Arya, N., and Ward, J. (2011). Recommendations for Juvenile Justice Reform: Opportunities for Action in the 112th Congress. Washington, DC: National Juvenile Justice and De- linquency Prevention Coalition. Available: http://www.cclp.org/documents/Federal%20 Advocacy/NJJDPC_Opportunies%20for%20the%20Obama%20administration.pdf [February 2012].

OCR for page 333
336 REFORMING JUVENILE JUSTICE Arya, N., Villarruel, F., Villanueva, C., Augarten, I., Murguía, J., and Sánchez, J. (2009). America’s Invisible Children Latino Youth and the Failure of Justice. Available: http:// www.campaignforyouthjustice.org/documents/CFYJPB_InvisibleChildren.pdf [June 2012]. Asato, M.R., Terwilliger, R., Woo, J., and Luna, B. (2010). White matter development in adolescence: A DTI study. Cerebral Cortex, 20(9), 2122-2131. Ashley, J., and Burke, K. (2009). Implementing Restorative Justice: A Guide for Schools. Avail- able: http://www.icjia.state.il.us/public/pdf/BARJ/SCHOOL%20BARJ%20GUIDEBOOK. pdf [April 2012]. Aspy, C.B., Oman, R.F., Vesely, S.K., McLeroy, K., Rodine, S., and Marshall, L. (2004). Adolescent violence: The protective effects of youth assets. Journal of Counseling and Development, 82(3), 268-276. Austin, J.B., Krisberg, B., and Joe, K. (1987). The Impact of Juvenile Court Intervention. San Francisco, CA: National Council on Crime and Delinquency. Austin, J., Dedel, K., and Gregoriou, M. (2000). Juveniles in Adult Prisons and Jails: A Na- tional Assessment. Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Assistance. Baglivio, M.T., and Jackowski, K. (2012, April 3). Examining the validity of a juvenile of- fending risk assessment instrument across gender and race/ethnicity. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 11(1), 26-43. Baird, C. (2009). A Question of Evidence: A Critique of Risk Assessment Models Used in the Justice System. Madison, WI: National Council on Crime and Delinquency. Baird, S.C., Storrs, G.M., and Connelly, H.N. (1984). Classification of Juveniles in Corrections—A Model Systems Approach. Washington, DC: Arthur D. Little. Bales, W.D., and Piquero, A.R. (2012). Racial/ethnic differentials in sentencing to incarcera- tion. Justice Quarterly, 29(5), 1-32. Barnoski, R. (2002). Washington State’s Implementation of Functional Family Therapy for Juvenile Offenders: Preliminary Findings. Olympia: Washington State Institute for Public Policy. Barnoski, R.P. (2004). Outcome Evaluation of Washington State’s Research-based Programs for Juvenile Offenders. Olympia: Washington State Institute for Public Policy. Barton, C., Alexander, J.F., Waldron, H., Turner, C.W., and Warburton, J. (1985). Generalizing treatment effects of functional family therapy: Three replications. American Journal of Family Therapy, 13(3), 16-26. Basile, K.C., Hertz, M.F., and Back, S.E. (2007). Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Vio- lence Victimization Assessment Instruments for Use in Healthcare Settings: Version 1. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Bateman, I., Carson, R., Day, B., Hanemann, M., Hanley, N., Hett, T., Jones-Lee, M., Loomes, G., Mourato, S., Özdemiroglu, E., Pearce, D., Sugden, R., and Swanson, J. (2002). Economic Valuation with Stated Preference Techniques: A Manual. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar. Battin, S.R., Hill, K.G., Abbott, R.D., Catalano, R.F., and Hawkins, J.D. (1998). Contribu- tion of gang membership to delinquency beyond delinquent friends. Criminology, 36(1), 93-115. Baumeister, R.F., and Leary, M.R. (1995). The need to belong: Desire for interpersonal at- tachments as a fundamental human motivation. Psychological Bulletin, 117(3), 497-529. Baumrind, D. (1985). Familial antecedents of adolescent drug use: A developmental perspec- tive. NIDA Research Monograph Series, 56, 13-44. Baumrind, D. (1991). The influence of parenting style on adolescent competence and substance use. Journal of Early Adolescence, 11(1), 56-95. Baumrind, D. (1996). The discipline controversy revisited. Family Relations, 45(4), 405-414.

OCR for page 333
REFERENCES 337 Bayer, P., Pintoff, R., and Pozen, D.E. (2003). Building Criminal Capital Behind Bars: Social Learning in Juvenile Corrections. New Haven, CT: Yale University, Economic Growth Center. Bazemore, G., and Day, S.E. (2002). Restoring the balance: Juvenile and community justice. In W.R. Palacios, P.F. Cromwell, and R.G. Dunham (Eds.), Crime and Justice in America: Present Realities and Future Prospects (2nd ed., pp. 324-337). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. Bazemore, G., and Erbe, C. (2003). Operationalizing the community variable in offender rein- tegration: Theory and practice for developing intervention social capital. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 1(3), 246-275. Bazemore, G., and Schiff, M. (2005). Juvenile Justice Reform and Restorative Justice: Building Theory and Policy from Practice. Portland, OR: Willan. Bazemore, G., and Umbreit, M. (1998). Conferences, Circles, Boards, and Mediations: Re- storative Justice and Citizen Involvement in the Response to Youth Crime. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Beaubien, J. (2007, October 30). Missouri Sees Teen Offenders as Kids, Not Inmates. A ­ vailable: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=15784264 [June 2012]. Bechtold, J., Cauffman, E., and Monahan, K. (2011). Knowledge Brief: Are Minority Youths Treated Differently in Juvenile Probation? Chicago, IL: John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. Beck, A., Gilliard, D.K., Greenfeld, L.A., Harrell, C.W., Hester, T., Jankowski, L., Morton, D.C., Snell, T.L., and Stephan, J.J. (1993). Survey of State Prison Inmates, 1991. Wash- ington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, Department of Justice. Becker, G.S. (1968). Crime and punishment: An economic approach. Journal of Political Economy, 76(2), 169-217. Becker, G.S., and Decker, T. (2008). Missouri DYS Integrated Treatment Process. Jefferson City, MO: Department of Youth Services. Beckett, K., Nyrop, K., Pfingst, L., and Bowen, M. (2005). Drug use, drug possession arrests, and the question of race: Lessons from Seattle. Social Problems, 52(3), 419-441. Begley, S. (2000). Getting inside a teen brain. Hormones aren’t the only reason adolescents act crazy. Their gray matter differs from children’s and adults’. Newsweek, 135(9), 58-59. Belknap, J. (2007). The Invisible Woman: Gender, Crime, and Justice. Belmont, CA: Thomson/ Wadsworth. Bell, J., and Ridolfi, L.J. (2008). Adoration of the Question: Reflections on the Failure to Reduce Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the Juvenile Justice System. San Francisco, CA: W. Haywood Burns Institute. Bell, J., Ridolfi, L.J., Finley, M., and Lacey, C. (2009). The Keeper and the Kept: Reflections on Local Obstacles to Disparities Reduction in Juvenile Justice Systems and a Path to Change. San Francisco, CA: W. Haywood Burns Institute. Belsky, J., Steinberg, L., and Draper, P. (1991). Childhood experience, interpersonal develop- ment, and reproductive strategy: An evolutionary theory of socialization. Child Develop- ment, 62(4), 647-670. Benner, A.D., and Graham, S. (2011). Latino adolescents’ experiences of discrimination across the first 2 years of high school: Correlates and influences on educational outcomes. Child Development, 82(2), 508-519. Bennett, W.J., Dilulio, J.J., and Walters, J.P. (1996). Body Count: Moral Poverty…and How to Win America’s War against Crime and Drugs. New York: Simon and Schuster. Bergen, H.A., Martin, G., Richardson, A.S., Allison, S., and Roeger, L. (2004). Sexual abuse, antisocial behaviour, and substance use: Gender differences in young community adoles- cents. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 38(1), 34-41.

OCR for page 333
338 REFORMING JUVENILE JUSTICE Berk, R., Barnes, G., Ahlman, L., and Kurtz, E. (2010). When second best is good enough: A comparison between a true experiment and a regression discontinuity quasi-experiment. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 6(2), 191-208. Berkel, C., Knight, G.P., Zeiders, K.H., Tein, J.-Y., Roosa, M.W., Gonzales, N.A., and Saenz, D. (2010). Discrimination and adjustment for Mexican American adolescents: A pro- spective examination of the benefits of culturally related values. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 20(4), 893-915. Berkheiser, M. (2002). The fiction of juvenile right to counsel: Waiver in the juvenile courts. Florida Law Review, 54, 577-686. Berman, P., and Nelson, B. (1997). Replication: Adapt or fail. In A.A. Altshuler and R.D. Behn (Eds.), Innovation in American Government Challenges, Opportunities, and Dilemmas (pp. 319-331). Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press. Bernard, T.J. (1992). The Cycle of Juvenile Justice. New York: Oxford University Press. Bernard, T.J., and Kurlychek, M.C. (2010). The Cycle of Juvenile Justice (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. Bersani, B.E. (2012). An examination of first and second generation immigrant offending trajectories. Justice Quarterly, 1-29. Bervera, X. (2003). Reclaiming Children from the Prison System: The Juvenile Justice Reform Act (Act 1225), State of Louisiana. Available: http://www.arc.org/pdf/281pdf.pdf [June 2012]. Berwick, D.M. (1989). Continuous improvement as an ideal in health-care. New England Journal of Medicine, 320(1), 53-56. Beuttler, F.W., and Bell, C.C. (2010). For the Welfare of Every Child—A Brief History of the Institute for Juvenile Research, 1909-2010. Chicago: University of Illinois. Bickman, L., and Hoagwood, K.E. (2010). Introduction to special issue. Making the real world ideal: Changing practices in children’s mental health services. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 37(1-2), 4-6. Biglan, A., Brennan, P.A., Foster, S.L., and Holder, H.D. (2004). Helping Adolescents at Risk: Prevention of Multiple Problem Behaviors. New York: Guilford Press. Bilchik, S. (2008, September 18). Statement before the U.S. House of Representative Commit- tee on Judiciary’s Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism and Homeland Security. Available: http://judiciary.house.gov/hearing/pdf/Bilchik080918.pdf [February 2012]. Bilchik, S. (2009). Policy reforms to address racial and ethnic disparity and disproportional- ity in the child welfare and juvenile justice systems: Federal, state, and local action. In Chapin Hall Center for Children (Ed.), Racial and Ethnic Disparity and Disproportion- ality in Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice: A Compendium. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago, Center for Juvenile Justice Reform at the Georgetown Public Policy Institute and Chapin Hall Center for Children. Bilchik, S. (2010). Juvenile Justice Reform Efforts: The State of the Union. Presentation to the Committee on Assessing Juvenile Justice Reform, August 5, National Research Council, Washington, DC. Binder, A., Geis, G., and Bruce, D.D. (1997). Juvenile Delinquency: Historical, Cultural, and Legal Perspectives (2nd ed.). Cincinnati, OH: Anderson. Bishop, D.M. (2005). The role of race and ethnicity in juvenile justice processing. In D.F. Hawkins and K. Kempf-Leonard (Eds.), Our Children, Their Children: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Differences in American Juvenile Justice (pp. 23-82). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Bishop, D.M. (2006). Public opinion and juvenile justice policy: Myths and misconceptions. Criminology and Public Policy, 5(4), 653-664.

OCR for page 333
REFERENCES 339 Bishop, D.M., and Frazier, C.F. (1992). Gender bias in juvenile justice processing: Implications of the JJDP Act. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology and Public Policy, 82(4), 1162-1186. Bishop, D.M., and Frazier, C. (2000). Consequences of transfer. In J. Fagan and F. Zimmerman (Eds.), The Changing Borders of Juvenile Justice (pp. 227-276). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Bishop, D.M., and Leiber, M.J. (2012). The role of race and ethnicity in juvenile justice pro- cessing. In B.C. Feld and D.M. Bishop (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice (pp. 445-484). New York: Oxford University Press. Bishop, D.M., Frazier, C.E., Lanza-Kaduce, L., and Winner, L. (1996). The transfer of juveniles to criminal court: Does it make a difference? Crime and Delinquency, 42(2), 171-191. Bishop, D.M., Leiber, M., and Johnson, J. (2010). Contexts of decision making in the juvenile justice system: An organizational approach to understanding minority overrepresenta- tion. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 8(3), 213-233. Bitan, T., Burman, D.D., Lu, D., Cone, N.E., Gitelman, D.R., Mesulam, M.M., and Booth, J.R. (2006). Weaker top-down modulation from the left inferior frontal gyrus in children. NeuroImage, 33(3), 991-998. Bjork, J.M., Knutson, B., Fong, G.W., Caggiano, D.M., Bennett, S.M., and Hommer, D.W. (2004). Incentive-elicited brain activation in adolescents: Similarities and differences from young adults. Journal of Neuroscience, 24(8), 1793-1802. Bjornstrom, E.E., Kaufman, R.L., Peterson, R.D., and Slater, M.D. (2010). Race and ethnic representations of lawbreakers and victims in crime news: A national study of television coverage. Social Problems, 57(2), 269-293. Black, D.J., and Reiss, A.J., Jr. (1970). Police control of juveniles. American Sociological Review, 35(1), 63-77. Bloom, B., Owen, B.A., and Covington, S. (2003). Gender-responsive Strategies Research, Practice, and Guiding Principles for Women Offenders. Washington, DC: National In- stitute of Corrections. Available: http://static.nicic.gov/Library/018017.pdf [June 2012]. Blumstein, A. (1982). On the racial disproportionality of United States’ prison populations. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 73(3), 1259-1281. Blumstein, A. (1993). Racial disproportionality of U.S. prison populations revisited. University of Colorado Law Review, 64, 743-760. Blumstein, A., and Nakamura, K. (2009). Redemption in the presence of widespread criminal background checks. Criminology, 47, 327-360. Boardman, A., Greenberg, D., Vining, A., and Weimer, D. (2011). Cost-Benefit Analysis: Concepts and Practice (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. Bobo, L.D. (2011). Somewhere between Jim Crow and post-racialism: Reflections on the racial divide in America today. Daedalus, 140(2), 11-36. Boisjoli, R., Vitaro, F., Lacourse, E., Barker, E.D., and Tremblay, R.E. (2007). Impact and clinical significance of a preventive intervention for disruptive boys: 15-year follow-up. British Journal of Psychiatry, 191, 415-419. Bonnie, R.J., and Grisso, T. (2000). Adjudicative competence and youthful offenders. In T. Grisso and R.G. Schwartz (Eds.), Youth on Trial: A Developmental Perspective on Juve- nile Justice. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Bonnie, R.J., Coughlin, A.M., and Jeffries, J.C. (2010). Criminal Law (3rd ed.). New York: Foundation Press. Bonta, J. (2002). Offender risk assessment: Guidelines for selection and use. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 29(4), 355-379. Borum, R., and Verhaagen, D.A. (2006). Assessing and Managing Violence Risk in Juveniles. New York: Guilford Press.

OCR for page 333
340 REFORMING JUVENILE JUSTICE Bosman, J. (2010, January 20). City signals intent to put fewer teenagers in jail. The New York Times. Available: http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/21/nyregion/21juvenile.html?_ r=1&pagewanted=print [June 2012]. Boston, J. (2004). The Prison Litigation Reform Act. New York: The Legal Aid Society. Avail- able: http://www.wnylc.net/pb/docs/plra2circ04.pdf [September 2011]. Bottcher, J., and Ezell, M.E. (2005). Examining the effectiveness of boot camps: A randomized experiment with a long-term follow up. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 42(3), 309-332. Botvin, G.J., Griffin, K.W., and Nichols, T.D. (2006). Preventing youth violence and delin- quency through a universal school-based prevention approach. Prevention Science, 7(4), 403-408. Bourgois, P. (2003). In Search of Respect: Selling Crack in El Barrio (2nd ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press. Bowles, R. (2010). Valuing the benefits from criminal justice interventions. In J. Roman, T. Dunworth, and K. Marsh (Eds.), Cost-benefit Analysis and Crime Control (pp. 51-72). Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press. Bowser, B.P., and Jones, T. (2004). Understanding the Over-representation of African Ameri- cans in the Child Welfare System. Hayward Hills, CA: Urban Institute Press. Boyle, P. (2006, June 1). Are you my mentor? Youth Today. Available: http://www.youthtoday. org/view_article.cfm?article_id=627 [May 2012]. Brady, B., Dolan, P., O’Brien, M., and Canavan, J. (2005). Big Brothers Big Sisters Ireland: Youth Mentoring Programme: Galway, Mayo & Roscommon. Evaluation Report. Avail- able: http://www.childandfamilyresearch.ie/sites/www.childandfamilyresearch.ie/files/big_ brothers_big_sisters_ireland_youth_mentoring_programme_galway_mayo__roscommon. pdf [June 2012]. Brame, R., Mulvey, E.P., and Piquero, A.R. (2001). On the development of different kinds of criminal activity. Sociological Methods & Research, 29(3), 319-341. Bratberg, G.H., Nilsen, T.I.L., Holmen, T.L., and Vatten, L.J. (2007). Perceived pubertal tim- ing, pubertal status and the prevalence of alcohol drinking and cigarette smoking in early and late adolescence: A population-based study of 8,950 Norwegian boys and girls. Acta Paediatrica, 96(2), 292-295. Bray, J. (2009, May 4). Illinois Gov. Quinn Makes Pilot Redeploy Illinois Juvenile Justice Re- form Permanent Program. Available: http://www.modelsforchange.net/­ eform-progress/11 r [June 2012]. Bray, T.M., Sample, L.L., and Kempf-Leonard, K. (2005). “Justice by geography”: Racial dis- parity and juvenile courts. In D.F. Hawkins and K. Kempf-Leonard (Eds.), Our Children, Their Children: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Differences in American Juvenile Justice (pp. 270-299). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Brendgen, M., Bowen, F., Rondeau, N., and Vitaro, F. (1999). Effects of friends’ characteristics on children’s social cognitions. Social Development, 8(1), 41-51. Bridges, G., and Steen, S.S. (1998). Racial disparities in official assessments of juvenile offend- ers: Attributional stereotypes as mediating mechanisms. American Sociological Review, 63(4), 554-570. Broidy, L.M., Nagin, D.S., Tremblay, R.E., Bates, J.E., Brame, B., Dodge, K.A., Fergusson, D., Horwood, J.L., Loeber, R., Laird, R., Lynam, D.R., Moffitt, T.E., Pettit, G.S., and Vitaro, F. (2003). Developmental trajectories of childhood disruptive behaviors and adolescent delinquency: A six-site, cross-national study. Developmental Psychology, 39(2), 222-245. Broman, C.L., Mavaddat, R., and Hsu, S.-Y. (2000). The experience and consequences of perceived racial discrimination: A study of African Americans. Journal of Black Psychol- ogy, 26(2), 165-180.

OCR for page 333
REFERENCES 341 Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The Ecology of Human Development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Bronfenbrenner, U., and Morris, P. (1998). The ecology of developmental processes. In W. Damon (Ed.), Handbook of Child Psychology (5th ed., pp. 993-1028). New York: John Wiley & Sons. Brown, B.B. (2004). Adolescents’ relationships with peers. In R.M. Lerner and L.D. Steinberg (Eds.), Handbook of Adolescent Psychology (pp. 363-394). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons. Brown, B.B., Bakken, J.P., Ameringer, S.W., and Mahon, S.D. (2008). A comprehensive con- ceptualization of the peer influence process in adolescence. In M.J. Prinstein and K.A. Dodge (Eds.), Understanding Peer Influence in Children and Adolescents (pp. 17-44). New York: Guilford Press. Brown, T.T., Lugar, H.M., Coalson, R.S., Miezin, F.M., Petersen, S.E., and Schlaggar, B.L. (2005). Developmental changes in human cerebral functional organization for word generation. Cerebral Cortex, 15(3), 275-290. Browning, K., Huizinga, D., Loeber, R., and Thornberry, T.P. (1999). Causes and Correlates of Delinquency Program. OJJDP Fact Sheet, No. 100. Available: https://www.ncjrs.gov/ pdffiles1/fs99100.pdf [June 2012]. Brunson, R.K., and Weitzer, R. (2009). Police relations with black and white youths in differ- ent urban neighborhoods. Urban Affairs Review, 44(6), 858-885. Bugental, D.B., and Goodnow, J.J. (1998). Socialization processes. In W. Damon and N. ­Eisenberg (Eds.), Handbook of Child Psychology, Vol. 3: Social, Emotional, and Person- ality Development (5th ed., pp. 389-462). New York: John Wiley & Sons. Bunge, S.A., Dudukovic, N.M., Thomason, M.E., Vaidya, C.J., and Gabrieli, J.D. (2002). Im- mature frontal lobe contributions to cognitive control in children: Evidence from fMRI. Neuron, 33(2), 301-311. Burgess, D., and Zerbe, R. (2011). Appropriate discounting for benefit-cost analysis. Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis, 2(2). ISSN (Online), DOI: 10.2202/2152-2812.1065. Burrell, S. (2012). Contracts for appointed counsel in juvenile delinquency cases: Defining expectations. UC Davis Journal of Juvenile Law and Policy, 16(1), 314-369. Buss, E. (2004). Allocating developmental control among parent, child and the state, 2004. University of Chicago Legal Forum, 27, 36. Butts, J. (2002). Juvenile justice and juvenile court. Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice. Avail- able: http://www:encyclopedia.com/doc1G2-3403000164.html [September 2012]. Butts, J. (2010). Juvenile Arrest Rates 1980-2009: National Arrest Estimates Calculated with Data from the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting Program. Powerpoint presentation. Avail- able: http://jeffreybutts.wordpress.com/2010/10/25/ucrtrends [September 2012]. Butts, J.A. (2011). Process Evaluation of the Chicago Juvenile Intervention and Support Cen- ter. New York: John Jay College of Criminal Justice, Research and Evaluation Center. Available: http://jeffreybutts.files.wordpress.com/2011/04/jisc20112.pdf [October 2011]. Butts, J., and Buck, J. (2000, October). Teen Courts: A Focus on Research. OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Butts, J.A., and Evans, D.N. (2011). Resolution, Reinvestment, and Realignment: Three Strategies for Changing Juvenile Justice. New York: Research and Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York. Available: http:// johnjayresearch.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/rec20111.pdf [April 2013]. Butts, J.A., and Roman, J. (2009). Juvenile crime interventions. In D. Weimer and A. Vining (Eds.), Investing in the Disadvantaged: Assessing the Benefits and Costs of Social Policies (pp. 103-126). Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.

OCR for page 333
342 REFORMING JUVENILE JUSTICE Butts, J.A., Buck, J., and Coggeshall, M.B. (2002). The Impact of Teen Court on Young Offenders. Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press. Available: http://www.urban.org/ UploadedPDF/410457.pdf [June 2012]. Butts, J.A., Bazemore, G., and Meroe, A.S. (2010). Positive Youth Justice: Framing Justice Interventions Using Concepts of Positive Youth Development. Washington, DC: Coali- tion for Juvenile Justice. Butts, J.A., Roman, J.K., and Lynn-Whaley, J. (2012). Varieties of juvenile court: Nonspecial- ized courts, teen courts, drug courts, and mental health courts. In B.C. Feld and D.M. Bishop (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice (pp. 606-635). New York: Oxford University Press. Caldwell, M.F., Vitacco, M., and Van Rybroek, G.J. (2006). Are violent delinquents worth treating? A cost-benefit analysis. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 43(2), 148-168. Caldwell, M.F., Skeem, J., Salekin, R., and Rybroek, G.V. (2006). Treatment response of adolescent offenders with psychopathy features: A 2-year follow-up. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 33(5), 571-596. Caldwell, L.D., Sewell, A.A., Parks, N., and Toldson, I.A. (2009). Guest editorial: Before the bell rings: Implementing coordinated school health models to influence the academic achievement of African American males. Journal of Negro Education, 78(3), 204-215. California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. (2011). Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation Division of Juvenile Justice Population Overview as of December 31, 2010. Available: http://1.usa.gov/oiTt9x [June 2012]. California Department of the Youth Authority. (n.d.). Table 1, Characteristics of the Youth Authority’s Institution Population (CYA and CDC Cases) June 30 Each Year, 1993-2002. Available: http://cdcr.ca.go/reports_research/docs/research/pops_93-02.pdf [June 2012]. Calkins, S.D., and Johnson, M.C. (1998). Toddler regulation of distress to frustrating events: Temperamental and maternal correlates. Infant Behavior and Development, 21, 379-395. Campaign for Youth Justice. (2007a, March). The Consequences Aren’t Minor: The Im- pact of Trying Youth as Adults and Strategies for Reform. Available: http://www.­ campaignforyouthjustice.org/documents/CFYJNR_ConsequencesMinor.pdf [May 2012]. Campaign for Youth Justice. (2007b, November). Jailing Juveniles: The Dangers of Incarcerat- ing Youth in Adult Jails in America. Available: http://www.campaignforyouthjustice.org/ documents/CFYJNR_ConsequencesMinor.pdf [May 2012]. Campaign for Youth Justice. (2011). State Trends, Legislative Victories from 2005-2010, Re- moving Youth from the Adult Criminal Justice System. Available: http://www.campaign foryouthjustice.org/documents/CFYJ_State_Trends_Report.pdf [April 2012]. Campbell, F.A., and Ramey, C.T. (1995). Cognitive and school outcomes for high-risk African- American students at middle adolescence: Positive effects of early intervention. American Educational Research Journal, 32(4), 743-772. Carson, R. (2011). Contingent Valuation: A Comprehensive Bibliography and History. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar. Casey, B.J., and Jones, R.M. (2010). Neurobiology of the adolescent brain and behavior: Implications for substance use disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 49(12), 1189-1201. Casey, B.J., Cohen, J.D., Jezzard, P., Turner, R., Noll, D.C., Trainor, R.J., Giedd, J., Kaysen, D., Hertz-Pannier, L., and Rapoport, J.L. (1995). Activation of prefrontal cortex in children during a nonspatial working memory task with functional MRI. NeuroImage, 2(3), 221-229.

OCR for page 333
REFERENCES 343 Casey, B.J., Trainor, R.J., Orendi, J.L., Schubert, A.B., Nystrom, L. E., Cohen, J.D, Noll, D.C., Giedd, J., Castellanos, X., Haxby, J., Forman, S.D., Dahl, R.E., and Rapoport, J.L. (1997). A pediatric functional MRI study of prefrontal activation during performance of a Go-No-Go task. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 9, 835-847. Casey, B.J., Tottenham, N., and Fossella, J. (2002). Clinical, imaging, lesion, and genetic approaches toward a model of cognitive control. Developmental Psychobiology, 40(3), 237-254. Casey, B.J., Tottenham, N., Liston, C., and Durston, S. (2005). Imaging the developing brain: What have we learned about cognitive development? TRENDS in Cognitive Sciences, 9(3), 104-110. Casey, B.J., Epstein, J.N., Buhle, J., Liston, C., Davidson, M.C., Tonev, S.T., Spicer, J., Niogi, S., Millner, A.J., Reiss, A., Garrett, A., Hinshaw, S.P., Greenhill, L.L., Shafritz, K.M., Vitolo, A., Kotler, L.A., Jarrett, M.A., and Glover, G. (2007). Frontostriatal connectivity and its role in cognitive control in parent-child dyads with ADHD. American Journal of Psychiatry, 164(11), 1729-1736. Casey, B.J., Getz, S., and Galvan, A. (2008). The adolescent brain. Developmental Review, 28(1), 62-77. Casey, B.J., Jones, R.M., Levita, L., Libby, V., Pattwell, S.S., Ruberry, E.J., Soliman, F., and Somerville, L.H. (2010). The storm and stress of adolescence: Insights from human imag- ing and mouse genetics. Developmental Psychobiology, 52(3), 225-235. Catalano, R.F., and Hawkins, J.D. (1996). The social development model: A theory of antiso- cial behavior. In J. David Hawkins (Ed.), Delinquency and Crime: Current Theories (pp. 149-197). New York: Cambridge University Press. Cauffman, E. (2004). A statewide screening of mental health symptoms among juvenile offend- ers in detention. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 43(4), 430-439. Cauffman, E., and Grisso, T. (2005). Mental health issues among minority offenders in the juvenile justice system. In D.F. Hawkins and K. Kempf-Leonard (Eds.), Our Children, Their Children: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Differences in American Juvenile Justice (pp. 390-412). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Cauffman, E., and Steinberg, L. (2000). (Im)maturity of judgment in adolescence: Why adoles- cents may be less culpable than adults. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 18(6), 741-760. Cauffman, E., Steinberg, L., and Piquero, A. (2005). Psychological, neuropsychological, and physiological correlates of serious antisocial behavior in adolescence: The role of self- control. Criminology, 43(1), 133-175. Cauffman, E., Shulman, E.P., Steinberg, L., Claus, E., Banich, M.T., Graham, S., and Woolard, J. (2010). Age differences in affective decision making as indexed by performance on the Iowa gambling task. Developmental Psychology, 46(1), 193-207. Caviness, V.S., Jr., Kennedy, D.N., Richelme, C., Rademacher, J., and Filipek, P.A. (1996). The human brain age 7-11 years: A volumetric analysis based on magnetic resonance images. Cerebral Cortex, 6(5), 726-736. Celeste, G., Bauer, G., Bervera, X., and Utter, D. (2005). Just shut it down: Bringing down a prison while building a movement. In Building Blocks for Youth (Ed.), No Turning Back: Promising Approaches to Reducing Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the Justice System (pp. 69-77). Available: http://www.aecf.org/upload/PublicationFiles/ntb_fullreport.pdf [December 2011]. Chamberlain, P. (2003). Treating Chronic Juvenile Offenders: Advances Made Through the Oregon Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care Model. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

OCR for page 333
382 REFORMING JUVENILE JUSTICE Shannon, L. (1980). Assessing the relationship of adult criminal careers to juvenile careers. In C. Abt (Ed.), Problems in American Social Policy. Cambridge, MA: Abt Books. Shannon, L. (1985). A More Precise Evaluation of the Effects of Sanctions. Iowa City, IA: University of Iowa, Iowa Urban Community Research Center. Sharkey, P., and Sampson, R.J. (2010). Destination effects: Residential mobility and trajecto- ries of adolescent violence in a stratified metropolis. Criminology, 48(3), 639-681. Shaw, D.S., Keenan, K., and Vondra, J.I. (1994). Developmental precursors of externalizing behavior: Ages 1 to 3. Developmental Psychology, 30(3), 355-364. Shaw, D.S., Winslow, E.B., Owens, E.B., Vondra, J.I., Cohn, J.F., and Bell, R.Q. (1998). The development of early externalizing problems among children from low-income families: A transformational perspective. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 26, 95-107. Shepherd, R.E. (1996). Juvenile Justice Standards Annotated: A Balanced Approach. Chicago, IL: Criminal Justice Section, American Bar Association. Sherman, F.T. (2012). Justice for girls: Are we making progress? UCLA Law Review, 59, 1584-1628. Sherman, L.W. (1993). Defiance deterrence and irrelevance: A theory of the criminal sanction. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 30(4), 445-473. Sherman, L.W., and Strang, H. (2007). Restorative Justice: The Evidence. London, UK: The Smith Institute. Sherman, L.W., Gottfredson, D., MacKenzie, D., Eck, J., Reuter, P., and Bushway, S. (1997). Preventing Crime: What Works, What Doesn’t, What’s Promising. Washington, DC: Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice, U.S. Department of Justice. Short, J.F., and Nye, F.I. (1958). Extent of unrecorded juvenile delinquency, tentative conclu- sions. Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology, and Police Science, 49(4), 296-302. Shufelt, J., and Cocozza, J. (2006). Youth with Mental Health Disorders in the Juvenile Justice System: Results from a Multi-state Prevalence Study. Delmar, NY: National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice. Shufelt, J.L., Cocozza, J.J., and Skowyra, K.R. (2010). Successfully Collaborating with the Juvenile Justice System: Benefits, Challenges, and Key Strategies. Washington, DC: Tech- nical Assistance Partnership for Child and Family Mental Health. Available: http://www. tapartnership.org/docs/jjResource_collaboration.pdf [March 2012]. Sickmund, M., Sladky, A., and Kang, W. (2011). Easy Access to Juvenile Court Statistics: 1985-2008. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezajcs/ [March 2012]. Siegel, G., and Lord, R. (2004). When Systems Collide: Improving Court Practices and Pro- grams in Dual Jurisdiction Cases. Pittsburgh, PA: National Center for Juvenile Justice. Simmons, R.G., and Blyth, D.A. (1987). Moving into Adolescence: The Impact of Pubertal Change and School Context. Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de Gruyter. Simons, R.L., Murry, V., McLoyd, V., Lin, K.-H., Cutrona, C., and Conger, R.D. (2002). Dis- crimination, crime, ethnic identity, and parenting as correlates of depressive symptoms among African American children: A multilevel analysis. Development and Psychopa- thology, 14(2), 371-393. Simons, R.L., Chen, Y.-F., Stewart, E., and Brody, G. (2003). Incidents of discrimination and risk for delinquency: A longitudinal test of strain theory with an African American sample. Justice Quarterly, 20(4), 827-854. Simons, R.L., Simons, L.G., Burt, C.H., Drummund, H., Stewart, E., Brody, G.H., Gibbons, F.X., and Cutrona, C. (2006). Supportive parenting moderates the effect of discrimination upon anger, hostile view of relationships, and violence among African American boys. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 47(4), 373-389. Simons-Morton, B., Singer, J., and Lerner, N. (2005). The observed effects of teenage passen- gers on the risky driving behavior of teenage drivers. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 37(6), 973-982.

OCR for page 333
REFERENCES 383 Singer, L.R. (1980). Standards Relating to Dispositions. Juvenile Justice Standards Project of the Institute of Judicial Administration and the American Bar Association. Available: http://www.americanbar.org/groups/criminal_justice/pages/JuvenileJusticeStandards.html [September 2012]. Singer, S.I. (1996). Recriminalizing Delinquency: Violent Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice Reform. New York: Cambridge University Press. Sipe, C.L. (1996). Mentoring: A Synthesis of Public/Private Venture’s Research: 1988-1995. Philadelphia, PA: Public/Private Ventures. Sisk, C.L., and Zehr, J.L. (2005). Pubertal hormones organize the adolescent brain and behav- ior. Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology, 26(3-4), 163-174. Skeem, J., Manchak, S., and Peterson, J. (2011). Correctional policy for offenders with mental illness: Creating a new paradigm for recidivism reduction. Law and Human Behavior, 35(2), 110-126. Skiba, R.J., Michael, R.S., Nardo, A.C., and Peterson, R.L. (2002). The color of discipline: Sources of racial and gender disproportionality in school punishment. Urban Review, 34(4), 317-342. Skiba, R.J., Horner, R.H., Chung, C.-G., Rausch, M.K., May, S.L., and Tobin, T. (2011). Race is not neutral: A national investigation of African American and Latino disproportional- ity in school discipline. School Psychology Review, 40(1), 85-107. Skonovd, N. (2003). California youth authority. In M.D. McShane and F.P. Williams (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Juvenile Justice (pp. 40-42). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Small, S., Reynolds, A., O’Connor, C., and Cooney, S. (2005). What Science Tells Us about Cost-Effective Programs for Juvenile Delinquency Prevention. Madison: University of Wisconsin–Madison. Smetana, J.G., and Villalobos, M. (2009). Social-cognitive development during adolescence. In R.L. Lerner and L. Steinberg (Eds.), Handbook of Adolescent Psychology (3rd ed., vol. 1, pp. 187-208). New York: John Wiley & Sons. Smith, C., and Thornberry, T.P. (1995). The relationship between childhood maltreatment and adolescent involvement in delinquency. Criminology, 33(4), 451-481. Smith, D.A. (1986). The neighborhood context of police behavior. Crime and Justice, 8, 313-341. Smith, K.S., and Blackburn, A.G. (2011). Is teen court the best fit? Assessing the predictive validity of the Teen Court Peer Influence Scale. Journal of Criminal Justice, 39, 198-204. Smith, M., and Alpert, G. (2002). Searching for direction: Courts, social science, and the adjudication of racial profiling claims. Justice Quarterly, 19(4), 673-703. Smith, P., Gendreau, P., and Swartz, K. (2009). Validating the principles of effective interven- tion: A systematic review of the contributions of meta-analysis in the field of corrections. Victims and Offenders, 4, 148-169. Smith, S.S. (2010). Race and trust. Annual Review of Sociology, 36, 453-475. Snyder, H.N. (1998). Appendix: Serious, violent, and chronic juvenile offenders: An assess- ment of the extent of and trends in officially recognized serious criminal behavior in a delinquent population. In R. Loeber and D.P. Farrington (Eds.), Serious and Violent Juvenile Offenders: Risk Factors and Successful Interventions (pp. 428-444). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Snyder, H.N., and Mulako-Wangota, J. (2011). Arrest Data Analysis Tool. Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics. Available: http://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=datool&surl=/ arrests/index.cfm [June 2012]. Snyder, H.N., and Sickmund, M. (1999). Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 1999 National Report. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice.

OCR for page 333
384 REFORMING JUVENILE JUSTICE Snyder, H.N., and Sickmund, M. (2006). Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 2006 National Report. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Snyder, H.N., Sickmund, M., and Poe-Yamagata, E. (2000). Juvenile Transfers to Criminal Court in the 1990s: Lessons Learned from Four Studies. Washington, DC: Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, U.S. Depart- ment of Justice. Snyder, J., Horsch, E., and Childs, J. (1997). Peer relationships of young children: Affiliative choices and the shaping of aggressive behavior. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 26(2), 145-156. Soler, M. (2010). Missed opportunity: Waiver, race, data, and policy reform. Louisiana Law Review, 71(1), 17-34. Soler, M., Shoenberg, D., and Schindler, M. (2009). Juvenile justice lessons for a new era. Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law & Policy, XVI, 538-541, Symposium Issue. Soler, M.I., and Garry, L.M. (2009). Reducing Disproportionate Minority Contact Preparation at the Local Level. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Preven- tion, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Available: http://purl.access. gpo.gov/GPO/LPS123421 [June 2012]. Somerville, L.H., Fani, N., and McClure-Tone, E.B. (2011a). Behavioral and neural representa- tion of emotional facial expressions across the lifespan. Developmental Neuropsychology, 36(4), 408-428. Somerville, L.H., Hare, T., and Casey, B.J. (2011b). Frontostriatal maturation predicts cogni- tive control failure to appetitive cues in adolescents. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23, 2123-2134. Sorensen, J., Hope, R., and Stemen, R. (2003). Racial disproportionality in state prison admissions: Can regional variation be explained by differential arrest rates? Journal of Criminal Justice, 31(1), 73-84. Sowell, E.R., Thompson, P.M., Holmes, C.J., Jernigan, T.L., and Toga, A.W. (1999). In vivo evidence for post-adolescent brain maturation in frontal and striatal regions. Nature Neuroscience, 2(10), 859-861. Sowell, E.R., Peterson, B.S., Thompson, P.M., Welcome, S.E., Henkenius, A.L., and Toga, A.W. (2003). Mapping cortical change across the human life span. Nature Neuroscience, 6(3), 309-315. Sowell, E.R., Thompson, P.M., and Toga, A.W. (2004). Mapping changes in the human cortex throughout the span of life. The Neuroscientist, 10(4), 372-392. The Spangenberg Group. (2001). Keeping Defender Workloads Manageable. Prepared for the Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Assistance, U.S. Department of Justice. Available: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/bja/185632.pdf [August 2012]. Spear, L.P. (2010). The Behavioral Neuroscience of Adolescence. New York: W.W. Norton. Spear, L.P., and Varlinskaya, E.I. (2010). Sensitivity to ethanol and other hedonic stimuli in an animal model of adolescence: Implications for prevention science? Developmental Psychobiology, 52(3), 236-243. Sprott, J.B. (1998). Understanding public opposition to a separate youth justice system. Crime and Delinquency, 44(3), 399-411. Sprott, J.B., and Greene, C. (2008). Trust and confidence in the courts: Does the quality of treatment young offenders receive affect their views of the courts? Crime and Delin- quency, 56(2), 269-289. St. Pierre, T.L., Mark, M.M., Kaltreider, D.L., and Campbell, B. (2001). Boys & girls clubs and school collaborations: A longitudinal study of a multicomponent substance abuse prevention program for high-risk elementary school children. Journal of Community Psychology, 29(2), 87-106.

OCR for page 333
REFERENCES 385 Stahl, A., Sickmund, M., and Snyder, H.N. (2004). Statistics on Violent Girls in the Juvenile Justice System: Facts, Myths, and Implications. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, Nashville, TN. Stapleton, W.V. (1993). Changing Patterns in the Administration of Modern Juvenile Justice. Chico: California State University-Chico. Stapleton, W.V., and Teitelbaum, L.E. (1972). In Defense of Youth: A Study of the Role of Counsel in American Juvenile Courts. New York: Russell Sage Foundation. State of California Department of the Youth Authority. (n.d.). A Comparison of the Youth Authority’s Institution and Parole Populations: June 30 Each Year, 1993-2002. Available: http://1.usa.gov/prwraw [June 2012]. Steffensmeier, D., Schwartz, J., Zhong, H.U.A., and Ackerman, J. (2005). An assessment of recent trends in girls’ violence using diverse longitudinal sources: Is the gender gap clos- ing? Criminology, 43(2), 355-406. Steinberg, L. (2001). We know some things: Parent-adolescent relationships in retrospect and prospect. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 11(1), 1-19. Steinberg, L. (2008). A social neuroscience perspective on adolescent risk-taking. Develop- mental Review, 28(1), 78-106. Steinberg, L. (2009). Should the science of adolescent brain development inform public policy? American Psychologist, 64(8), 739-750. Steinberg, L. (2010). A dual systems model of adolescent risk-taking. Developmental Psycho- biology, 52(3), 216-224. Steinberg, L., and Cauffman, E. (1996). Maturity of judgment in adolescence: Psychosocial factors in adolescent decision making. Law and Human Behavior, 20(3), 249-272. Steinberg, L., and Monahan, K.C. (2007). Age differences in resistance to peer influence. Developmental Psychology, 43(6), 1531-1543. Steinberg, L., and Scott, E.S. (2003). Less guilty by reason of adolescence: Developmental immaturity, diminished responsibility, and the juvenile death penalty. American Psycholo- gist, 58(12), 1009-1018. Steinberg, L., Chung, H.L., and Little, M. (2004). Reentry of young offenders from the justice system: A developmental perspective. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 2(1), 21-38. Steinberg, L., Albert, D., Cauffman, E., Banich, M., Graham, S., and Woolard, J.L. (2008). Age differences in sensation seeking and impulsivity as indexed by behavior and self-­ eport. r Evidence for the dual-systems model. Developmental Psychology, 44, 17764-17789. Steinberg, L., Cauffman, E., Woolard, J., Graham, S., and Banich, M. (2009a). Are adolescents less mature than adults? Minors’ access to abortion, the juvenile death penalty, and the alleged APA “flip-flop.” American Psychologist, 64(7), 583-594. Steinberg, L., Graham, S., O’Brien, L., Woolard, J., Cauffman, E., and Banich, M. (2009b). Age differences in future orientation and delay discounting. Child Development, 80, 28-44. Stewart, A., Livingston, M., and Dennison, S. (2008). Transitions and turning points: Ex- amining the links between child maltreatment and juvenile offending. Child Abuse and Neglect, 32(1), 51-66. Stewart, E.A., and Simons, R.L. (2010). Race, code of the street, and violent delinquency: A multilevel investigation of neighborhood street culture and individual norms of violence. Criminology, 48(2), 569-605. Stewart, E.A., Baumer, E.P., Brunson, R.K., and Simons, R. (2009). Neighborhood racial context and perceptions of police-based racial discrimination among black youth. Crimi- nology, 47(3), 847-887. Strang, H., Sherman, L., Angel, C.M.,Woods, D.J., Bennett, S., Newbury-Birch, D., and Inkpen, N. (2006). Victim evaluations of face-to-face restorative justice conferences: A quasi-experimental analysis. Journal of Social Issues, 62, 281-306.

OCR for page 333
386 REFORMING JUVENILE JUSTICE Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2011). Results from the 2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Summary of National Findings. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Swanson, J., Burris, S., Moss, K., Ullman, M., and Ranney, L. (2006). Justice disparities: Does the ADA enforcement system treat people with psychiatric disabilities fairly? Maryland Law Review, 66, 94-139. Swanston, H.Y., Plunkett, A.M., O’Toole, B.I., Shrimpton, S., Parkinson, P.N., and Oates, R.K. (2003). Nine years after child sexual abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect, 27(8), 967-984. Switzer, G.E., Simmons, R.G., Dew, M.A., Regalski, J.M., and Wang, C.-H. (1995). The ef- fect of a school-based helper program on adolescent self-image, attitudes, and behavior. Journal of Early Adolescence, 15(4), 429-455. Szymanski, L.A. (2008). Juvenile Delinquents Right to a Jury Trial. Pittsburgh, PA: National Center for Juvenile Justice. Tanenhaus, D.S. (2004). Juvenile Justice in the Making. New York: Oxford University Press. Tanenhaus, D.S. (2012). The elusive juvenile court, its origins, practices, and reinventions. In B.C. Feld and D.M. Bishop (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice (pp. 420-441). New York: Oxford University Press. Task Force on Community Preventive Services. (2007). Recommendation against policies facilitating the transfer of juveniles from juvenile to adult justice systems for the purpose of reducing violence. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 32(4), 5-6. Task Force on Transforming Juvenile Justice. (2009). Charting A New Course: A Blue- print for Transforming Juvenile Justice in New York State. Available: http://www.vera. org/download?file=2944/Charting-a-new-course-A-blueprint-for-transforming-juvenile- justice-in-New-York-State.pdf [September 2010]. Teplin, L.A., Abram, K.M., McClelland, G.M., Dulcan, M.K., and Mericle, A.A. (2002). Psychiatric disorders in youth in juvenile detention. Archives of General Psychiatry, 59(12), 1133-1143. Texas Appleseed. (2010). Texas’ School-to-Prison Pipeline. Ticketing, Arrest and Use of Force in Schools: How the Myth of the “Blackboard Jungle” Reshaped School Disciplinary Processes. Available: http://www.texasappleseed.net/images/stories/reports/Ticketing_ Booklet_web.pdf [June 2012]. Theriot, M.T. (2009). School resource officers and the criminalization of student behavior. Journal of Criminal Justice, 37(3), 280-287. Thomason, M.E., Henry, M.L., Hamilton, J.P., Joormann, J., Pine, D.S., Ernst, M., Goldman, D., Mogg, K., Bradley, B.P., Britton, J.C., Lindstrom, K.M., Monk, C.S., Sankin, L.S., Louro, H.M.C., and Gotlib, I.H. (2010). Neural and behavioral responses to threatening emotion faces in children as a function of the short allele of the serotonin transporter gene. Biological Psychology, 85(1), 38-44. Thompson, R.A., and Nelson, C.A. (2001). Developmental science and the media. Early brain development. American Psychologist, 56(1), 5-15. Thornberry, T.P. (2010, June). A Strategy for Developing Evidence-based Gang Intervention Programs. Paper presented at the Eurogang Conference, Neustadt an der Weinstrasse, Germany. Thornberry, T.P., and Krohn, M.D. (2000). The self-report method for measuring delinquency and crime. In D. Duffee (Ed.), Measurement and Analysis of Crime and Justice (vol. 4). Washington, DC: Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice, U.S. Depart- ment of Justice. Thornberry, T.P., Krohn, M.D., Lizotte, A.J., Smith, C.A., and Tobin, K. (2003). Gangs and Delinquency in Developmental Perspective. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

OCR for page 333
REFERENCES 387 Thornberry, T.P., Huizinga, D., and Loeber, R. (2004). Causes and correlates studies: Findings and policy implications. Juvenile Justice, 9(1), 3-19. Thornberry, T.P., Henry, K.L., Ireland, T.O., and Smith, C.A. (2010). The causal impact of childhood-limited maltreatment and adolescent maltreatment on early adult adjustment. Journal of Adolescent Health, 46(4), 359-365. Thornberry, T.P., Giordano, P.C., Uggen, C., Matsuda, M., Masten, A.S., Bulten, E., and Donker, A.G. (2012). Explanations for offending. In R. Loeber and D.P. Farrington (Eds.), From Juvenile Delinquency to Adult Crime: Criminal Careers, Justice Policy and Prevention (pp. 47-85). New York: Oxford University Press. Tierney, J.P., Grossman, J.B., and Resch, N.L. (1995). Making a Difference: An Impact Study of Big Brothers/Big Sisters. Philadelphia, PA: Public/Private Ventures. Tiffan, S. (1982). In Whose Best Interest? Child Welfare Reform in the Progressive Era. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. Tonry, M.H. (1995). Malign Neglect: Race, Crime, and Punishment in America. New York: Oxford University Press. Torbet, P.M. (1996). Juvenile Probation: The Workhorse of the Juvenile Justice System. Wash- ington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Available: https:// www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles/workhors.pdf [August 2012]. Torbet, P., Gable, R., Hurst IV, H., Montgomery, I., Szymanski, L., and Thomas, D. (1996). State Responses to Serious and Violent Juvenile Crime. Washington, DC: Office of Ju- venile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Tottenham, N., Hare, T.A., and Casey, B.J. (2011). Behavioral assessment of emotion dis- crimination, emotion regulation, and cognitive control in childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. Frontiers in Psychology, 2, 39. Trulson, C.R., Marquart, J.W., Mullings, J.L., and Caeti, T.J. (2007). In between adolescence and adulthood: Recidivism outcomes for a cohort of state delinquents. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 3, 355-377. Trupin, E.W., Turner, A.P., Stewart, D., and Wood, P. (2004). Transition planning and re- cidivism among mentally ill juvenile offenders. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 22(4), 599-610. Tyler, T. (1990). Why People Obey the Law. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. Tyler, T. (2001). Trust and law and law abidingness: A model of social regulation. Boston University Law Review, 81(2), 361. Tyler, T.R. (2006). Psychological perspectives on legitimacy and legitimation. Annual Review of Psychology, 57, 375-400. Tyler, T.R., and Fagan, J. (2008). Legitimacy, compliance and cooperation: Procedural justice and citizen ties to the law. Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law, 6, 231-275. Tyler, T.R., and Huo, Y.J. (2002). Trust in the Law: Encouraging Public Cooperation with the Police and Courts. New York: Russell Sage Foundation. Uddin, L.Q., Menon, V., and Supekar, K. (2010). Typical and atypical development of func- tional human brain networks: Insights from resting-state fMRI. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, 4. Umbreit, M.S., Vos, B., Coates, R.B., and Lightfoot, E. (2011). Restorative justice in the twenty-first century: A social movement full of opportunities and pitfalls. Marquette Law Review, 89, 251-304. University of Massachusetts Donahue Institute. (2008). Evaluation of the Department of Youth Services Education Initiative. Hadley: University of Massachusetts.

OCR for page 333
388 REFORMING JUVENILE JUSTICE U.S. Census Bureau. (2010a). PINC-04. Educational Attainment—People 18 Years Old and Over, by Total Money Earnings in 2009, Work Experience in 2009, Age, Race, Hispanic Origin, and Sex (Female). Available: http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/cpstables/032010/ perinc/new04_019.htm [August 2011]. U.S. Census Bureau. (2010b). PINC-04. Educational Attainment—People 18 Years Old and Over, by Total Money Earnings in 2009, Work Experience in 2009 Age, Race, Hispanic Origin, and Sex (Male). Available: http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/cpstables/032010/ perinc/new04_010.htm [August 2011]. U.S. Department of Education. (2012). Revealing New Truths About Our Nation’s Schools. The Office for Civil Rights, The Transformed Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC). Washington, DC: Office of Civil Rights, U.S. Department of Education. Available: http:// www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/crdc-2012-data-summary.pdf [August 2012]. U.S. Department of Justice. (2011, July 21). Attorney General Holder, Secretary Duncan An- nounce Effort to Respond to School-to-Prison Pipeline by Supporting Good Discipline Practices. Available: http://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/2011/July/11-ag-951.html [September 2012]. U.S. Department of Justice. (2012, January 26). Department of Justice, MacArthur Foundation Provide $2 Million to Support Juvenile Justice Reform. Available: http://www.ojp.gov/ newsroom/pressreleases/2012/ojppr012612.pdf [February 2013]. U.S. General Accounting Office. (1999). Youth Mentoring Programs: Fiscal Year 1998. GAO/ HEHS-99-129R. Washington, DC: U.S. General Accounting Office. U.S. Government Accountability Office. (2009, September 22). A Time Frame for Enhancing Grant Monitoring Documentation and Verification of Data Quality Would Help Improve Accountability and Resource Allocation Decisions. GAO-09-850R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Accountability Office. Available: http://gao.gov/assets/100/96377.pdf [June 2012]. van den Bos, W., van Dijk, E., Westenberg, M., Rombouts, S.A.R.B., and Crone, E.A. (2011). Changing brains, changing perspectives: The neurocognitive development of reciprocity. Psychological Science, 22(1), 60-70. van der Geest, V., Blokland, A., and Bijleveld, C. (2009). Delinquent development in a sample of high-risk youth. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 46(2), 111-143. Van Leijenhorst, L., Zanolie, K., Van Meel, C.S., Westenberg, P.M., Rombouts, S.A.R.B., and Crone, E.A. (2010). What motivates the adolescent? Brain regions mediating reward sensitivity across adolescence. Cerebral Cortex, 20(1), 61-69. Van Waters, M. (1925). Youth in Conflict. New York: Republic. Vanneman, A., Hamilton, L., Baldwin-Anderson, J., and Rahman, T. (2009). Achievement Gaps: How Black and White Students in Public Schools Perform in Mathematics and Reading on the National Assessment of Educational Progress. (NCES 2009-455). Wash- ington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Available: http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/pdf/ studies/2009455.pdf [September 2012]. Vega, W.A., Zimmerman, R.S., Khoury, E.L., Gil, A.G., and Warheit, G.J. (1995). Cultural- conflicts and problem behaviors of Latino adolescents in-home and school environments. Journal of Community Psychology, 23(2), 167-179. Verdugo, R.R. (2002). Race-ethnicity, social class, and zero-tolerance policies: The cultural and structural wars. Education and Urban Society, 35(1), 50-75. Vieraitis, L.M., Kovandzic, T.V., and Marvell, T.B. (2007). The criminogenic effects of im- prisonment: Evidence from state panel data, 1974-2002. Criminology and Public Policy, 6(3), 589-622.

OCR for page 333
REFERENCES 389 Vincent, G. (2011). Risk/Needs Assessment for Recidivism: Implementation and Effective- ness Study. Available: http://www.modelsforchange.net/about/research/vincent.html [June 2012]. Vincent, G., Grisso, T., Terry, A., and Banks, S. (2008). Sex and race differences in mental health symptoms in juvenile justice: The MAYSI-2 national meta-analysis. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 47(3), 282-290. Vincent, G., Chapman, J., and Cook, N. (2011). Risk-needs assessment in juvenile justice: Predictive validity of the SAVRY, racial differences, and the contribution of needs factors. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 38(1), 42-62. Vorrath, H.H., and Brendtro, L.K. (1985). Positive Peer Culture (3rd ed.). New York: Aldine. Vygotsky, L. (1978). Interaction between learning and development. In L. Vygotsky and M. Cole (Eds.), Mind and Society: The Development of Higher Psychological Processes (pp. 79-91). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Wagman, M.T. (2000). Innocence lost in the wake of green: The trend is clear: If you are old enough to do the crime, then you are old enough to do the time. Catholic University Law Review, 49(2), 643-677. Wald, J., and Losen, D.J. (2003). Defining and redirecting a school-to-prison pipeline. New Directions for Youth Development, (99), 9-15. Wald, J., and Thurau, L. (2010). Taking safety too far? Education Week, 29(22), 24-25. Walker, S., Spohn, C., and DeLone, M. (2000). The Color of Justice: Race, Ethnicity, and Crime in America (2nd ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Thomson Learning. Walkover, A. (1984). The infancy defense in the new juvenile court. UCLA Law Review, 31(3), 503-562. Wallis, C. (2004). What makes teens tick? Time Magazine, p. 56, May 10. Walters, G.D. (2011). Taking the next step: Combining incrementally valid indicators to im- prove recidivism prediction. Assessment, 18(2), 227-233. Warren, P., Tomaskovic-Devey, D., Smith, W.R., Zingraff, M., and Mason, M. (2006). Driv- ing while black: Bias processes and racial disparity in police stops. Criminology, 44(3), 709-738. The Washington Post. (2011). Federal office of juvenile justice needs a leader—and fast. The Washington Post, July 22. Available: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/federal- office-of-juvenile-justice-needs-a-leader-and-fast/2011/07/14/gIQAX0kHUI_story.html [February 2011]. Washington State Institute for Public Policy. (2011). Return on Investment: Evidence-Based Options to Improve Statewide Outcomes. Olympia: Washington State Institute for Public Policy. Available: http://www.wsipp.wa.gov/rptfiles/11-07-1201.pdf [June 2012]. Wasserman, G.A., McReynolds, L.S., Schwalbe, C.S., Keating, J.M., and Jones, S.A. (2010). Psychiatric disorder, comorbidity, and suicidal behavior in juvenile justice youth. Crimi- nal Justice and Behavior, 37(12), 1361-1376. Watkins, J.C. (1998). The Juvenile Justice Century: A Sociolegal Commentary on American Juvenile Courts. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press. Watson, M., Solomon, D., Battistich, V., Schaps, E., and Solomon, J. (1989). The child devel- opment project: Combining traditional and developmental approaches to values educa- tion. In L.P. Nucci (Ed.), Moral Development and Character Education: A Dialogue. Berkeley, CA: McCutchan. Waxman, H.A., and Collins, S. (2004). Incarceration of Youth Who Are Waiting for Com- munity Mental Health Services in the United States. Washington, DC: U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on Government Reform. Waylen, A., and Wolke, D. (2004). Sex ‘n’ drugs ‘n’ rock ‘n’ roll: The meaning and social consequences of pubertal timing. European Journal of Endocrinology, 151, 151-159.

OCR for page 333
390 REFORMING JUVENILE JUSTICE Webster, R.A., Hunter, M., and Keats, J.A. (1994). Peer and parental influences on adolescents substance use: A path-analysis. International Journal of the Addictions, 29(5), 647-657. Weick, K.E. (2001). Making Sense of the Organization. Malden, MA: Blackwell. Weiss, B., Caron, A., Ball, S., Tapp, J., Johnson, M., and Weisz, J.R. (2005). Iatrogenic effects of group treatment for antisocial youth. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73(6), 1036-1044. Weitzer, R., and Brunson, R.K. (2009). Strategic responses to the police among inner city youth. The Sociological Quarterly, 50, 235-256. Weitzer, R., and Tuch, S. (2002). Perceptions of racial profiling: Race, class, and personal experience. Criminology, 40, 435-446. Weitzer, R., and Tuch, S. (2006). Race and Policing in America: Conflict and Reform. New York: Cambridge University Press. Welsh, B.C., Sullivan, C.J., and Olds, D. (2010). When early crime prevention goes to scale: A new look at the evidence. Prevention Science, 11(2), 115-125. Welsh, W.N., Jenkins, P.H., and Harris, P.W. (1999). Reducing minority overrepresentation in juvenile justice: Results of community-based delinquency prevention in Harrisburg. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 36(1), 87-110. Wentzel, K.R. (1998). Social support and adjustment in middle school: The role of parents, teachers, and peers. Journal of Educational Psychology, 90(2), 202-209. Wentzel, K.R. (2002). Are effective teachers like good parents? Teaching styles and student adjustment in early adolescence. Child Development, 73(1), 287-301. Wexler, D.B. (2000). Just some juvenile thinking about delinquent behavior: A therapeutic jurisprudence approach to relapse prevention planning and youth advisory juries. Uni- versity of Missouri at Kansas City Law Review, 69, 96-105. Whitbeck, L.B., Hoyt, D.R., McMorris, B.J., Chen, X.J., and Stubben, J.D. (2001). Perceived discrimination and early substance abuse among American Indian children. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 42(4), 405-424. White House Task Force for Disadvantaged Youth. (2003, October). White House Task Force for Disadvantaged Youth Final Report. Available: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/fysb/ content/docs/white_house_task_force.pdf [May 2012]. Widom, C.S., and Maxfield, M.G. (2001, February). An update on the “cycle of violence.” National Institute of Justice Research in Brief. Available: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ nij/184894.pdf [June 2012]. Wiebush, R. (2002). Graduated Sanctions for Juvenile Offenders: A Program Model and Planning Guide. Reno, NV: Juvenile Sanctions Center, National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges. Wiebush, R.G., Baird, C., Krisberg, B., and Onek, D. (1995). Risk assessment and classifica- tion for serious, violent, and chronic juvenile offenders. In J.C. Howell, B. Krisberg, J.D. Hawkins, and J.J. Wilson (Eds.), Serious, Violent and Chronic Juvenile Offenders: A Sourcebook (pp. 171-212). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Wiig, J.K., and Tuell, J.A. (2008, revised). Guidebook for Juvenile Justice and Child Welfare System Coordination and Integration: Framework for Improved Outcomes. Washington, DC: Child Welfare League of America. Wiig, J.K., and Tuell, J.A. (2011). Celebrating 10 years of juvenile justice child welfare systems integration work. The Connector, 1(1). Available: http://www.rfkchildren.org/images/ stories/the%20connector%20winter%202011.pdf [June 2012]. Wiig, J., Widom, C.S., and Tuell, J.A. (2003). Understanding Child Maltreatment and Juvenile Delinquency: From Research to Effective Program, Practice, and Systemic Solutions. Washington, DC: Child Welfare League of America.

OCR for page 333
REFERENCES 391 Wiig, J.K., Cocozza, J.J., Morris, J.A., Shufelt, J.L., and Skowyra, K.R. (2010). Sustain- ing Change: A Models for Change Guidebook. Available: http://modelsforchange.net/ publications/289 [June 2012]. Wilson, J.J., and Howell, J.C. (1993). A Comprehensive Strategy for Serious, Violent and Juvenile Offenders. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Preven- tion, U.S. Department of Justice. Wilson, J.Q. (1995). Crime and public policy. In J.Q. Wilson and J. Petersilia (Eds.), Crime (pp. 489-507). San Francisco, CA: Institute for Contemporary Studies Press. Wilson, W.J. (1987). The Truly Disadvantaged: The Inner City, the Underclass, and Public Policy. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Wilson, W.J. (2009). More Than Just Race: Being Black and Poor in the Inner City. New York: W.W. Norton. Winick, B.J. (1998). Client denial and resistance in the advance directive context: Reflections on how attorneys can identify and deal with a psycholegal soft spot. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 4, 901-923. Winick, B.J. (1999). Therapeutic jurisprudence and the civil commitment hearing. Journal of Contemporary Legal Issues, 10, 37-60. Wolfgang, M.E. (1983). Delinquency in two birth cohorts. American Behavioral Scientist, 27(1), 75. Wolfgang, M.E., Figlio, R.M., and Sellin, J.T. (1972). Delinquency in a Birth Cohort. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Wolfgang, M.E., Thornberry, T.P., and Figlio, R.M. (1987). From Boy to Man, from Delin- quency to Crime. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Wong, C.A., Eccles, J.S., and Sameroff, A. (2003). The influence of ethnic discrimination and ethnic identification on African American adolescents’ school and socioemotional adjust- ment. Journal of Personality, 71(6), 1197-1232. Woolard, J.L., Harvell, S., and Graham, S. (2008). Anticipatory injustice among adolescents: Age and racial/ethnic differences in perceived unfairness of the justice system. Behavioral Sciences & The Law, 26(2), 207-226. Yan, J., and Dannerbeck, A. (2011). Exploring the relationship between gender, mental health needs, and treatment orders in a metropolitan juvenile court. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 20(1), 9-22. Yang, M., Liu, Y., and Coid, J. (2010). Applying Neural Networks and Other Statistical Mod- els to the Classification of Serious Offenders and the Prediction of Recidivism. Ministry of Justice Research Series 6/10. Available: http://library.npia.police.uk/docs/moj/neural- networks-research.pdf [June 2012]. Yoshikawa, H. (1994). Prevention as cumulative protection: Effects of early family support and education on chronic delinquency and its risks. Psychological Bulletin, 115(1), 28-54. Zaff, J.F., Moore, K.A., Papillo, A.R., and Williams, S. (2003). Implications of extracurricular activity participation during adolescence on positive outcomes. Journal of Adolescent Research, 18(6), 599-630. Zahn, M.A., Hawkins, S.R., Chiancone, J., and Whitworth, A. (2008). The Girls Study Group—Charting the Way to Delinquency Prevention for Girls. Washington, DC: Of- fice of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Zahn, M.A., Agnew, R., Fishbein, D., Miller, S., Winn, D., Dakoff, G., Kruttschnitt, C., Giordano, P., Gottfredson, D.C., Payne, A.A., Feld, B.C., and Lind, M.C. (2010). Causes and Correlates of Girls’ Delinquency. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Zerbe, R. (2007). The legal foundation of cost-benefit analysis. Charleston Law Review, 2(1), 93-184.

OCR for page 333
392 REFORMING JUVENILE JUSTICE Zerbe, R., and Dively, D. (1997). Benefit Cost Analysis: In Theory and Practice. New York: Addison-Wesley. Zimring, F.E. (1978). Confronting Youth Crime: Report of the Twentieth Century Fund Task Force on Sentencing Policy toward Young Offenders. New York: Holmes and Meier. Zimring, F.E. (1998). A youth violence epidemic: Myth or reality? In F.E. Zimring (Ed.), American Youth Violence (pp. 31-48). New York: Oxford University Press. Zimring, F. (2004). An American Travesty: Legal Responses to Adolescent Sex Offending. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Zimring, F.E., and Hawkins, G. (1973). Deterrence: The Legal Threat in Crime Control. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Zuckerbrot, R.A., Maxon, L., Pagar, D., Davies, M., Fisher, P.W., and Shaffer, D. (2007). Adolescent depression screening in primary care: Feasibility and acceptability. Pediatrics, 119(1), 101-108.